Pinson et al v. Madison et al
ORDER denying 16 Motion to Vacate Judgment and Expunge by Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 8/28/13.(dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 13-cv-00157-LTB
OFFICER J. JOHNSON,
K. ESPENSEN, and
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO RECONSIDER
On July 31, 2013, Plaintiffs Jeremy Pinson and Erwin Villatoro, federal prisoners
acting pro se, filed a pleading titled “Motion to Vacate Judgment and Expunge,” ECF
No. 16. In the Motion, clearly authored by Mr. Pinson and signed by both Plaintiffs, Mr.
Pinson, on Mr. Villatoro’s behalf, asks that the Court vacate the judgment entered in this
action and construe the Motion in part as a motion to prohibit Mr. Pinson and
defendants from disclosing information about Mr. Villatoro. The Court must construe
the Motion liberally because Plaintiffs are pro se litigants. See Haines v. Kerner, 404
U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991).
A litigant subject to an adverse judgment, and who seeks reconsideration by the
district court of that adverse judgment, may “file either a motion to alter or amend the
judgment pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) or a motion seeking relief from the judgment
pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b).” Van Skiver v. United States, 952 F.2d 1241, 1243
(10th Cir. 1991). A motion to reconsider filed more than twenty-eight days after the final
judgment in an action should be considered pursuant to Rule 60(b). See id. at 1243. A
Notice of Voluntary Dismissal of Plaintiff Villatoro, ECF No. 11, was filed on March 4,
2013, which under Rule 41(a)(1)(A) is effective immediately upon the filing of a written
notice of dismissal, and no subsequent court order is necessary. See J. Moore,
Moore’s Federal Practice ¶ 41.02(2) (2d ed. 1995); Hyde Constr. Co. v. Koehring Co.,
388 F.2d 501, 507 (10th Cir. 1968). Plaintiff Villatoro, therefore, was dismissed from the
case as of March 4, 2013, the date the Notice was filed with the Court.
Mr.Villatoro’s request for relief from judgment was filed more than twenty-eight
days after he was dismissed from the action. Therefore, the request will be considered
as a Motion to Reconsider filed pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b). Relief under Rule
60(b) is appropriate only in extraordinary circumstances. See Massengale v. Oklahoma
Bd. of Examiners in Optometry, 30 F.3d 1325, 1330 (10th Cir. 1994).
After consideration of the Motion to Reconsider and the entire file, the Court finds
that Plaintiffs fail to demonstrate the existence of any extraordinary circumstances that
would justify a decision to reconsider and vacate the order dismissing this action.
Plaintiffs seek to reinstate this case with respect to Mr. Villatoro because, even though
Mr. Villatoro signed the Notice, Mr. Pinson did not have permission to send the Notice to
the Court. This reason for reinstatement fails to demonstrate the existence of any
extraordinary circumstances. First, four months have passed since Mr. Pinson filed a
notice of voluntary dismissal and a judgment was entered in this action, but only now
Mr. Villatoro challenges the judgment. Second, what appears to be the reason for
reinstating Mr.Villatoro and his claims, the request to prohibit Mr. Pinson and
Defendants from disclosing information about Mr. Villatoro, was not at issue in this
action. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the Motion to Vacate Judgment and Expunge, ECF No. 16, is
construed as a Motion to Reconsider pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. Rule 60(b) and is
denied. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that the Court refrains from addressing any request for
injunctive relief referred to in the construed Motion to Reconsider.
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this 28th day of
August , 2013.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
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