Allen v. Boulder Shelter for the Homeless, The et al
ORDER dismissing this action, and denying without prejudice leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal, by Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 6/13/13. (dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 13-cv-01496-BNB
JEFFERY T. ALLEN,
THE BOULDER SHELTER FOR THE HOMELESS, and
GREG HARMS, Acting Agent, Executive Director,
ORDER OF DISMISSAL
Plaintiff, Jeffery T. Allen, has filed pro se a Complaint (ECF No. 1) and a Motion
and Affidavit for Leave to Proceed Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 (ECF No. 3). The
Motion and Affidavit for Leave to Proceed Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 will be granted.
Pursuant to § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i), the Court must dismiss the action if Mr. Allen’s
claims are frivolous or malicious. A legally frivolous claim is one in which the plaintiff
asserts the violation of a legal interest that clearly does not exist or asserts facts that do
not support an arguable claim. See Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 327-28 (1989).
For the reasons stated below, the Court will dismiss the action as legally frivolous and
The Court must construe the Complaint liberally because Mr. Allen is not
represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v.
Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). If the Complaint reasonably can be read
“to state a valid claim on which the plaintiff could prevail, [the Court] should do so
despite the plaintiff’s failure to cite proper legal authority, his confusion of various legal
theories, his poor syntax and sentence construction, or his unfamiliarity with pleading
requirements.” Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. However, the Court should not be an advocate
for a pro se litigant. See id.
Mr. Allen’s Complaint in this action is one of three lawsuits initiated by Mr. Allen
at the same time that substantively are identical. See Allen v. Boulder Shelter for the
Homeless, No. 13-cv-01497-BNB (D. Colo. filed June 12, 2013); Allen v. Boulder
Shelter for the Homeless, No. 13-cv-01498-BNB (D. Colo. filed June 12, 2013). Mr.
Allen provides no explanation for filing three lawsuits at the same time raising the same
claims against the same Defendants. He also provides no explanation for filing these
three actions just five days after filing another lawsuit raising the same claims against
the same Defendants. See Allen v. Boulder Shelter for the Homeless, No. 13-cv-01475BNB (D. Colo. filed June 7, 2013). In case number 13-cv-01475-BNB, Mr. Allen has
been ordered to file an amended complaint that complies with the pleading
requirements of Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
“Repetitious litigation of virtually identical causes of action may be dismissed
under § 1915 as frivolous or malicious.” McWilliams v. Colorado, 121 F.3d 573, 574
(10th Cir. 1997) (quotation marks and alteration omitted). To determine whether a
pleading repeats pending or previously litigated claims, the Court may consult its own
records. See Duhart v. Carlson, 469 F.2d 471, 473 (10th Cir. 1972). The Court has
consulted its records and finds that the instant action is repetitive of case number 13-cv01475-BNB. Even assuming there is some minor difference between this action and
case number 13-cv-01475-BNB, Mr. Allen may include in the amended complaint he
has been ordered to file in case number 13-cv-01475-BNB all of the claims he wishes to
assert against Defendants. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 18(a).
The instant action will be dismissed as legally frivolous and malicious because it
is repetitive of case number 13-cv-01475-BNB. In addition, Mr. Allen is warned that the
Court can and will impose appropriate sanctions if he persists in engaging in abusive
Furthermore, the Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any
appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis
status will be denied for the purpose of appeal. See Coppedge v. United States, 369
U.S. 438 (1962). If Plaintiff files a notice of appeal he also must pay the full $455
appellate filing fee or file a motion to proceed in forma pauperis in the United States
Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit within thirty days in accordance with Fed. R. App.
P. 24. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the Motion and Affidavit for Leave to Proceed Pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 1915 (ECF No. 3) is granted. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that the Complaint and the action are dismissed as legally
frivolous and malicious pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i). It is
FURTHER ORDERED that leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal is
denied without prejudice to the filing of a motion seeking leave to proceed in forma
pauperis on appeal in the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this
13th day of
BY THE COURT:
s/Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
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