Lester v. City of Lafayette, Coloardo
ORDER denying 19 Motion to Exclude. By Judge Christine M. Arguello on 07/09/2014. (athom, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Judge Christine M. Arguello
Civil Action No. 13-cv-01997-CMA-MJW
CITY OF LAFAYETTE, COLORADO,
ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO
EXCLUDE DEFENDANT'S EXPERT REPORT
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff’s Motion to Exclude Defendant’s Expert
Report. (Doc. # 19.) For the reasons discussed below, the Court denies the motion.
This case is based on Plaintiff Mary Lester’s discrimination claim under Section
504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act (“ADA”). (Doc. # 17
at 1.) Primarily, Plaintiff alleges that Defendant City of Lafayette terminated her
employment as City Manager because of her association with a person with a disability,
her daughter, K. Fournier. (Id.) Conversely, Defendant claims that Plaintiff was
terminated for non-discriminatory reasons for engaging in unethical bidding procedures in
her capacity as a City Manager. (Doc. # 24 at 1, 5.)
Plaintiff, at all relevant times, was the Senior Services Manager for the Lafayette
Senior Center. (Doc. # 17, ¶ 20.) In December 2011, she was assigned the task of
replacing some of the flooring in the Senior Center. (Id., ¶ 29.) Defendant alleges
Plaintiff’s termination was the result of her actions of impropriety, and violations of City
policies that took place during transactions related to this assignment. (Doc. # 24 at
1, 5.) There is no dispute that Plaintiff’s responsibilities as a City Manager were subject
to the standards of City policies, procedures, and ethics. See (Doc. ## 17, 20, 24.)
Defendant issued Plaintiff an expert disclosure along with its proposed expert’s
report and testimony regarding City policies, bidding practices, and ethical obligations of
City employees. (Doc. ## 20-1, 20-2, 20-3.) Subsequently, Plaintiff filed a motion to
exclude Defendant’s expert, Mr. Hansen, and his testimony and opinion. (Doc. # 19.)
On March 17, 2014, Defendant filed a response. (Doc. # 24.)
LAW AND ANALYSIS
Under Daubert, the trial court acts as a “gatekeeper” by reviewing a proffered
expert opinion for relevance pursuant to F.R.E. 401, and reliability, as determined by
F.R.E. 702. See Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 509 U.S. 579, 589-95
(1993); see also Goebel v. Denver & Rio Grande W. R.R. Co., 215 F.3d 1083, 1087
(10th Cir. 2000). As the proponent of the expert, Defendant must demonstrate by a
preponderance of the evidence that the expert’s testimony and opinion is admissible.
See Mitchell v. Gencorp., Inc., 165 F.3d 778, 781-82 (10th Cir. 1999); United States v.
Crabbe, F. Supp.2d 1217, 1220-21 (D. Colo. 2008); F.R.E. 702 advisory comm. notes.
This Court has discretion to evaluate whether an expert is helpful, qualified, and reliable
under F.R.E. 702. See Goebel, 214 F.3d at 1087; United States v. Velarde, 214 F.3d
1204, 1208-09 (10th Cir. 2000).
Federal Rule of Evidence 702 governs the admissibility of expert testimony. Rule
702 requires that the evidence or testimony will “assist the trier of fact to understand the
evidence or to determine a fact in issue,” also known as the “helpfulness” requirement.
Daubert, 509 U.S. at 591. The helpfulness requirement’s primary inquiry is one of
relevance; therefore, if the expert testimony does not relate to any issue in the case, the
testimony is not relevant. Id. Further, “[i]n determining whether expert testimony will
be helpful to the jury in a particular case, the court is required to evaluate the state of
knowledge presently existing about the subject of the proposed testimony in light of its
appraisal of the facts of the case.” F.D.I.C. v. Refco Grp., Ltd., 184 F.R.D. 623, 630
(D. Colo. 1999).
In the instant case, Defendant alleges, “Plaintiff’s conduct associated with the
bidding process [was] a violation of City policy, general municipal bidding practice and
procedure and municipal ethics and, therefore, a legitimate, non-discriminatory basis for
the employment action taken.” (Doc. # 24 at 6.) Plaintiff argues Mr. Hansen’s opinion
that she acted improperly under City policies and ethical requirements will not assist the
jury because it does not involve scientific, technical, or specialized knowledge, i.e.—
Mr. Hansen’s testimony fails under the “helpfulness” requirement of F.R.E. 702. 1
(Doc. # 20 at 1-2.)
In light of the specialized care Plaintiff was required to take in her capacity as a City
Manager, a jury would benefit from Mr. Hansen’s testimony as it sets out the required
Additionally, in a footnote Plaintiff asserts her intention to “reserve the right to file a
subsequent additional motion to exclude Mr. Hansen’s report based upon its lack of reliability
should the Court deny the instant motion.” Therefore, at this time, the Court is limiting its analysis
to whether Mr. Hansen’s opinion will be helpful to the jury.
procedures and ethical practices of public officials. See Refco Grp., 184 F.R.D. at 630.
Plaintiff asserts that the report’s reference to common sense ethical requirements makes
the report unnecessary to help the jury. (Doc. # 20 at 4.) However, although ethical
matters may be commonsensical, the required ethics of a City Manager or other public
official are different from those that apply to the average layperson.
Mr. Hansen’s opinions contain detailed assessments of the City’s purchasing
policies and Code of Ethics, the ethical concerns associated with Plaintiff’s conduct, and
municipal policy, procedure, and ethics. See (Doc. # 20-3.) He also opines on how a
government employee’s actions reflect upon and affect a governmental entity’s position in
using taxpayer funds to purchase goods for public use. (Id. at 5-6.) This Court, finds
that Mr. Hansen’s expert testimony will be helpful to aid the jury in determining the proper
procedures, policies, and ethics required of Plaintiff in her role as City Manager. See
(Doc. # 20-3.)
Based on the foregoing, it is ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion to Exclude
Defendant’s Expert Report (Doc. # 19) is DENIED.
DATED: July 9, 2014
BY THE COURT:
CHRISTINE M. ARGUELLO
United States District Judge
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