Lee v. USA et al
ORDER denying 8 Letter by Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 2/11/14. (dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 13-cv-02544-LTB
MARIO ANTON LEE,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, and
CHARLES DANIELS, et al.,
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO RECONSIDER
Plaintiff, Mario Anton Lee, is a prisoner in the custody of the Federal Bureau of
Prisons who currently is incarcerated at the United States Penitentiary, High Security,
in Florence, Colorado. He filed pro se on February 6, 2014, a letter (ECF No. 8)
seeking to reinstate the instant habeas corpus action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241.
The Court must construe the letter liberally because Mr. Lee is not represented by an
attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d
1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). For the reasons discussed below, the letter will be
construed as a motion for relief from judgment, and the motion will be denied.
A litigant subject to an adverse judgment who seeks reconsideration by the
district court may “file either a motion to alter or amend the judgment pursuant to Fed.
R. Civ. P. 59(e) or a motion seeking relief from the judgment pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P.
60(b).” Van Skiver v. United States, 952 F.2d 1241, 1243 (10th Cir. 1991). A motion to
alter or amend the judgment must be filed within twenty-eight days after the judgment is
entered. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e). A motion to reconsider filed more than twenty-eight
days after the final judgment in an action should be considered pursuant to Rule 60(b).
See Van Skiver, 952 F.2d at 1243 (stating that a motion to reconsider should be
construed as filed pursuant to Rule 59(e) when it is filed within the limit set forth under
Rule 59(e)). Mr. Lee’s motion was filed ninety-eight days after the Court’s Order of
Dismissal was entered on October 31, 2013 (ECF No. 5). Therefore, the motion will be
construed as a motion to reconsider filed pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b).
On October 31, 2013, the Court dismissed the instant action without prejudice
pursuant to Mr. Lee’s notice of voluntary dismissal filed October 28, 2013 (ECF No. 4).
In the notice of voluntary dismissal, Mr. Lee asked the Court to withdraw the instant
action and return all documents to him. The notice also notified the Court that Mr. Lee
may refile at a later date. The October 31 dismissal order discussed in detail the
reasons for the dismissal and explained to Mr. Lee the reason the Court was unable to
return his filed documents to him. See ECF No. 5.
In the motion for relief from judgment, Mr. Lee appears to contend that he did not
intend to dismiss the instant action voluntarily and maintains the letter he filed on
January 29, 2014 (ECF No. 6) informed the Court he was refiling his § 2241 action and
the $5.00 filing fee was being submitted from a third party. However, no § 2241
application was submitted and no $5.00 filing fee received and docketed in the instant
action. A new and separate § 2241 action was initiated on January 28, 2014 in Lee v.
Oliver, No. 14-cv-00279-BNB, and an order entered on January 31, 2014, directing Mr.
Lee within thirty days to cure certain deficiencies, including but not limited to either
paying the $5.00 filing fee or submitting a Prisoner’s Motion and Affidavit for Leave to
Proceed Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 in a Habeas Corpus Action together with a
certificate showing the current balance in Mr. Lee’s prison trust fund account. The
habeas corpus application Mr. Lee filed in No. 14-cv-00279-BNB did not indicate that
the application should be filed in the prior dismissed case, No. 13-cv-02544-LTB.
Relief under Rule 60(b) is appropriate only in extraordinary circumstances. See
Massengale v. Oklahoma Bd. of Examiners in Optometry, 30 F.3d 1325, 1330 (10th Cir.
1994). Upon consideration of the motion and the entire file, the Court finds that Mr. Lee
fails to demonstrate some reason why the Court should reconsider and vacate the order
to dismiss this action. The Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b) motion does not alter the Court’s
conclusion that this action properly was dismissed. Therefore, the Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)
motion will be denied.
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the letter that Applicant, Mario Anton Lee, filed pro se on
February 6, 2014, and which the Court has treated as a motion seeking relief from the
judgment pursuant to Rule 60(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, is denied.
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this 11th day of
BY THE COURT:
s/Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
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