Fidelity National Title Company et al v. First American Title Insurance Company
ORDER granting 33 Stipulated Motion for Protective Order. When filing any documents under restriction, the parties MUST fully comply with the requirements of D.C.ColoL.CivR. 7.2 and D.C.COLO. ECF. PROC. 5.1. By Magistrate Judge Craig B. Shaffer on 03/07/2014. (cbslc1)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 13-cv-02807-MSK-CBS
FIDELITY NATIONAL TITLE COMPANY, a Colorado corporation;
TICOR TITLE OF COLORADO, INC., a Colorado corporation; and
AMERICAN HERITAGE TITLE AGENCY, INC., a Colorado
FIRST AMERICAN TITLE INSURANCE COMPANY, a California corporation,
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER
Plaintiffs Fidelity National Title Company, Ticor Title of Colorado, Inc., and
American Heritage Title Agency, Inc. (collectively “Plaintiffs”), and Defendant First
American Title Insurance Company (“First American”), (collectively with Plaintiffs, the
"Parties" and individually the "Party") hereby stipulate and move the Court for a Protective
Order pursuant to Rule 26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure concerning the
treatment of "Confidential" information and documents as set forth below:
The claims in this case involve title insurance policies underwritten by First American.
As a consequence, the disclosure and discovery processes will involve the exchange among
the Parties of information that the law recognizes should be protected from public
dissemination, including nonpublic personal information. The purpose of this Stipulation
and proposed Protective Order ("Order") is to establish the procedures by which such
information shall be defined, designated, exchanged, and otherwise protected from public
A protective order is appropriate in this case to protect information likely to be
exchanged between the Parties that the law recognizes warrants protection from public
dissemination. Under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, the Parties "ha[ve] an affirmative and
continuing obligation to respect the privacy of [their] customers and to protect the security
and confidentiality of those customers' nonpublic personal information." 15 U.S.C. §
680l(a). Consequently, courts recognize the need to fashion protective orders which will
protect nonpublic personal information. See, e.g., Marks v. Global Mortgage Group, Inc.,
218 F.R.D. 492, 497 (S.D. W.Va. 2003). The Court may enter this proposed Order on a
"generalized as opposed to a document-by-document basis." Gillard v. Boulder Valley Sch.
Dist. Re.-2, 196 F.R.D. 382, 386 (D. Colo. 2000).
STIPULATION AND AGREEMENT
To expedite the flow of discovery material, facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes
over confidentiality, adequately protect material entitled to be kept confidential, and ensure
that confidentiality is afforded only to material so entitled, the Parties, by and through their
respective attorneys, hereby STIPULATE AND AGREE to the following Order:
Any information, document, or thing produced in connection with this
litigation that is reasonably believed by any Party or third party to contain or constitute
nonpublic personal information may be designated as "Confidential." As used herein,
Confidential Information may include, but is not limited to: (a) all paper, tapes, documents
(including answers to document requests, interrogatories, and requests for admission),
disks, diskettes, and other tangible things produced by or obtained from any person in
connection with this litigation; (b) transcripts of depositions herein and exhibits thereto; (c)
all copies, extracts, and complete or partial summaries or charts or notes prepared or
derived from such papers, documents or things; (d) expert reports; and (e) electronically
stored information, documents, and communications. Before designating any Confidential
Information, the designating Party's counsel shall make a good faith determination that the
information warrants protection. The handling, identification, and production of such
Confidential Information shall be made in accordance with the terms of this Order.
The designation of Confidential Information may be made by
marking or otherwise identifying the material in writing as "Confidential."
If a producing Party inadvertently fails to mark Confidential Information upon
its production, such Party may subsequently designate such Confidential Information by
giving written notice to the receiving Party and providing properly marked or designated
copies within a reasonable period, but in no event less than 60 days prior to trial. Disclosure
of the information or document by the other party prior to such later designation shall not be
deemed a violation of the provisions of this Order. Deposition transcripts and exhibits
thereto may be designated as Confidential Information on the record at the deposition and
may also be designated as Confidential Information for a period of thirty (30) days (or such
longer period if the Parties so agree) after receipt of the transcript from the court reporter.
Until the expiration of the period set forth in the preceding sentence, and unless otherwise
agreed to by the Parties, all deposition transcripts and exhibits shall be deemed Confidential
Information until such time that the Party is required to make its confidentiality designations.
Any Party (the "Requesting Party") may at any time request in writing that
any Confidential Information be released from the requirements of this Order, and, unless
otherwise agreed in writing, the Party producing such material ("Producing Party") shall
meet and confer with the Requesting Party within ten (10) days of receipt of a request. If an
agreement cannot be reached by negotiation, the Requesting Party may file a motion seeking
to de-designate the document. In the event that such motion is made in accordance with the
procedures herein and applicable rules of this Court, the terms of this Order shall continue to
apply to such Confidential Information until the Court rules on the motion. In the event that
Confidential Information must be submitted to the Court for review, the Confidential
Information shall be submitted with a request to file the Confidential Information under seal.
The above procedure shall not preclude application to the Court on a more expedited basis
as circumstances warrant.
All Confidential Information received from any Producing Party shall be used
solely in connection with, and only as necessary to, this litigation and the preparation and
trial of this case, or any related appellate proceeding, and not for any other purpose,
including without limitation any other litigation or any business, competitive, or
governmental purpose or function. To that end, the Parties shall not distribute or disclose
any Confidential Information received in this litigation to any third party (or any of the
Parties' agents, consultants, officers, directors, employees, or representatives except on a
need to know basis and pursuant to such agent, consultant, employee, officer, director, or
representative's obligation to maintain the confidentiality of such document or information).
Confidential Information and information derived from Confidential
Information, including without limitation any testimony about an exhibit designated as
Confidential Information, shall not be disclosed except as set forth in paragraph 7.
Confidential Information may only be disclosed to the following persons:
a. Outside counsel of record for any Party to this action;
b. Paralegal, stenographic, clerical and secretarial personnel employed by counsel
listed in (a) (including but not limited to photocopy service personnel and
document management vendors, such as coders and data-entry personnel, retained
by outside counsel);
c. In-house counsel employed by and/or outside counsel engaged by a Party and/or
the parent company of a Party to this action (including their attorneys and staff
whose functions require access to such information), business persons employed
by a Party and/or the parent company of a Party to this action whose functions
require that they have access to Confidential Information in connection with the
prosecution, defense, and/or settlement of this action, and persons employed by an
insurer of a Party to this action whose functions require that they have access to
Confidential Information in connection with the prosecution or defense of this
d. Court personnel including stenographic, video or audio reporters engaged to
record depositions in this litigation, and certified interpreters and/or translators;
e. Non-party expert(s) or consultant(s) and their secretarial, technical and clerical
employees (including but not limited to photocopy service personnel and
document management vendors, such as coders and data-entry personnel, retained
by outside counsel) who actively assist in the preparation of this action;
f. Any person identified on the face of any such Confidential Information as an
author or as recipient thereof;
g. Any person who is determined to have been an author and/or previous recipient of
the Confidential Information, but are not identified on the face thereof, provided
there is prior testimony of actual authorship or receipt of the Confidential
Information by such person prior to such person being shown any Confidential
h. Any non-party engaged by the Parties or appointed by the Court for purposes of
acting as a Discovery Referee, Special Master, and/or neutral arbitrator or
mediator in any alternative dispute resolution procedures in which the Parties may
i. Any person as ordered by the Court.
Those individuals set forth in Sections 7.e. above who are provided Confidential
Information shall, prior to the time he or she receives access to such materials, be provided
by counsel furnishing such material a copy of this Order and agree to be bound by its
terms, and shall certify that he or she has carefully read the Order and fully understands its
terms, by signing the certificate attached as Exhibit A. Counsel making disclosure to any
person as described hereinabove shall retain the original executed copy of said certificate
and provide said certificate to counsel for the Producing Party, upon good cause shown or
agreement of the Parties.
The restrictions on the use of Confidential Information established pursuant
to this Order do not apply to the use by a Party, person, or entity of the Confidential
Information it produces.
The provisions of this Order are without prejudice to the right of any Party to
this Order to:
a. Resist or compel discovery with respect to, or seek to obtain additional or
different protection for, material claimed to be protected work product or
privileged under Colorado or federal law, material as to which the
Producing Party claims a legal obligation not to disclose, or material not
required to be provided pursuant to Colorado or federal law;
b. Seek to modify or obtain relief from any aspect of this Order; or
c. Object to the use, relevance or admissibility at trial or otherwise of any
material whether or not designated in whole or in part as Confidential
Information governed by this Order. This Order shall not govern the use or
admissibility of any evidence at trial or the procedures for using such
documents or information at trial.
Confidential Information may be referred to in discovery requests, discovery
responses, motions, briefs, or other papers filed with the Court and may be used in
depositions and oral arguments in this action, either as exhibits or as the basis for questions.
Confidential Information and pleadings, briefs, or other papers quoting or discussing
Confidential Information may be filed under the seal of the Court upon proper motion and
order. Any motion requesting leave to file documents under seal shall comply with the
requirements of D.C.COLO.LCivR 7.2. The Parties agree to cooperate to de-designate or
redact Confidential Information to be filed in Court filings to the largest extent possible so as
to minimize the necessity to file information under seal.
If Confidential Information is disclosed at a deposition, only the
stenographic, video or audio reporter and those persons who are authorized by the terms of
this Order to receive such material may be present. However, in the event a witness is
deposed that is not otherwise entitled to receive Confidential Information, the witness may
be shown or asked about Confidential Information after the witness is provided a copy of
this Order and signs the acknowledgement in Exhibit A. The witness shall not be entitled
to retain a copy of any document containing Confidential Information. The portions of the
transcripts of all testimony designated as Confidential Information shall be labeled with the
appropriate designation by the reporter. If any document or information designated as
Confidential or pursuant to this Order is used during the course of a deposition herein, that
portion of the deposition record reflecting such material shall be labeled with the
The inadvertent disclosure or production of any information or document that
is subject to the attorney-client privilege or work-product protection, including but not
limited to information or documents that may be considered Confidential Information under
this Protective Order, will not be deemed to waive a party’s claim to its privileged or
protected nature or estop that party or the privilege holder from designating the information
or document as attorney-client privileged or subject to the work product doctrine. Upon
receiving a written request from the producing party to return the document and a privilege
log that sets forth the basis of the claim of privilege or work-product protection, the
receiving party shall return the information or documents to the producing party within five
(5) business days. Nothing in this Order shall prevent any party from contesting a claim of
privilege or work-product protection with the Court after conferral with the opposing party.
In the event of a hearing or trial in this matter at which any Party intends to
present Confidential Information or materials designated hereunder to the Court or a jury,
counsel for the Parties will meet and confer to determine what safeguards, if any, may
benecessary to protect against the disclosure of the designated information or materials, and
shall attempt to determine the least intrusive and burdensome means of protecting such
materials during the proceeding. Counsel for the Parties shall confer on appropriate
procedures for protecting the confidentiality of any documents, information and transcripts
used in the course of any court proceedings, and shall incorporate such procedures, as
appropriate, in the pre-trial order.
Within ninety (90) calendar days after the conclusion of the trial and of any
appeals, or upon other termination of this litigation, all Confidential Information received
under the provisions of this Order, shall be tendered back to the Producing Party, or, at the
direction of the Producing Party, destroyed except to the extent that any of the foregoing
includes or reflects work product of the receiving Party (which work product may be
maintained by outside counsel for the Parties, but not by the Parties themselves), and except
to the extent that such material has been filed with a court in which proceedings related to
this action are being conducted, provided such information is stored in a manner so as to
preserve its confidentiality.
If at any time any Confidential Information protected by this Order or
information produced in this litigation is subpoenaed from the receiving Party by any court,
administrative or legislative body, or is requested by any other person or entity purporting to
have authority to require the production of such information, the Party to whom the
subpoena or other request is directed shall immediately give written notice thereof to the
Producing Party with respect to such information and shall afford the Producing Party
reasonable opportunity to pursue formal objections to such disclosures.
This Order does not govern the production of proprietary, competitively
sensitive, or trade secret information or documents, except as expressly set forth herein. If
any Party seeks discovery or disclosure of proprietary, competitively sensitive, or trade
secret information or documents that any Party believes require additional protection beyond
that provided in this Order, the Responding Party shall, following consultation with the
Requesting Party, file another proposed Protective Order that would govern the production
of such information or, if agreement cannot be reached, promptly file a Motion for
Protective Order concerning the proposed discovery.
Absent entry of an additional
Protective Order, the terms of this Protective Order will apply to proprietary, competitively
sensitive, or trade secret information or documents that are
requested in the parties’
discovery requests. Nothing in this Paragraph shall constitute an admission regarding the
discoverability, relevance, or admissibility of proprietary, confidential,
sensitive, or trade secret information. Nothing in this Protective Order shall forgive any
Party’s obligation to disclose or produce any proprietary, competitively sensitive, or trade
secret information or documents that are otherwise required to be disclosed or produced.
The terms of this Order shall be effective and enforceable as between the
Parties immediately upon its execution by counsel for such Parties.
All persons subject to the terms of this Order agree that this Court shall
retain jurisdiction over them for the purpose of enforcing this Order.
The foregoing STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER is hereby ADOPTED and
ENTERED as an ORDER of the Court this 7th day of March, 2014.
s/Craig B. Shaffer
United States Magistrate Judge
S/ Adam P. O’Brien
Mary A. Wells, Esq.
Adam P. O’Brien, Esq.
Wells, Anderson & Race, LLC
1700 Broadway, Suite 1020
Denver, CO 80290
Telephone: (303) 830-1212
S/ Echo D. Ryan
Frederick B. Skillern, Esq.
Echo D. Ryan, Esq.
Montgomery Little & Soran, PC
5445 DTC Parkway, Suite 800
Greenwood Village, CO 80111
Attorneys for Plaintiffs
Attorneys for Defendant
Ex. A to Stipulated Protective Order
(printed name), acknowledge that I have read the foregoing
Protective Order in Fidelity National Title Co., et al. v. First American Title Insurance Company, 13-cv02807-MSK-CBS, and agree to be bound by its provisions as stated.
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