Sladek et al v. Bank of America, N.A. et al
ORDER granting 133 defendant Bank of America, N.A.s Motion for Order Remanding Action to State Court. It is further ORDERED that the actions plaintiff sought to remove are remanded to the District Court for the County of El Paso, where they were filed as Case Nos. 11-cv-34134 and 11-cv-00375, by Judge Philip A. Brimmer on 1/28/2015.(evana, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Judge Philip A. Brimmer
Civil Action No. 13-cv-03094-PAB-MEH
DIANA SLADEK and
BANK OF AMERICA, N.A.,
ARONOWITZ & MECKLENBURG,
MERS, a division of MERSCORP, and
ROBERT ARONOWITZ, individually,
This matter is before the Court on defendant Bank of America, N.A.’s Motion for
Order Remanding Action to State Court [Docket No. 133]. The matter is fully briefed
and ripe for disposition.
On October 24, 2014, plaintiffs filed a Notice of Removal (“Notice”), removing
two cases from the District Court for the County of El Paso, Colorado (the “state court
actions”),1 and seeking to consolidate those cases with this action. See Docket No.
132. Defendant seeks to remand those actions to state court, arguing that the Notice is
procedurally defective for multiple reasons. In light of plaintiffs’ pro se status, the Court
construes their filings liberally. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972); Hall v.
Case Nos. 11-cv-34134 and 11-cv-00375.
Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 & n.3 (10th Cir. 1991). Further f actual details are not
relevant to the Court’s determination of the removal issue and will not be recited here.
Defendant argues that the Notice fails to provide a “short and plain statement of
the grounds for removal” as required by 28 U.S.C. § 1446(a), Docket No. 133 at 5, and
that, even if plaintiffs had complied with this requirement, the state court actions are not
removable because plaintiffs are residents of the state in which they were filed. Id. at 7.
The Court agrees. Section 1446(a) of Title 28 of the United States Code provides that
“[a] defendant or defendants desiring to remove any civil action from a State court shall
file . . . a notice of removal . . . containing a short and plain statement of the grounds for
removal, together with a copy of all process, pleadings, and orders served upon such
defendant or defendants in such action.” The Notice fails to comply with these
requirements. It contains no “short and plain statement of the grounds for removal,” nor
does it attach “a copy of all process, pleadings, and orders served upon such defendant
or defendants” in the state court actions. See Docket No. 132. Plaintiffs respond that
diversity of citizenship exists because defendant Bank of America, N.A. is “a foreign
corporation.” Docket No. 136 at 1. But even if plaintiffs had included this as the basis
for jurisdiction in the Notice, removal would be improper. Plaintiffs state in their
complaint in this action that they are residents of the state of Colorado. Docket No. 1 at
1, ¶¶ 3-4. “A civil action otherwise removable solely on the basis of the jurisdiction
under section 1332(a) of [Title 28] may not be removed if any of the parties in interest
properly joined and served as defendants is a citizen of the State in which such action
is brought.” 28 U.S.C. § 1441(b)(2). Plaintiffs cannot avail themselves of removal when
defending an action brought against them in their home state.2
Wherefore, it is
ORDERED that defendant Bank of America, N.A.’s Motion for Order Remanding
Action to State Court [Docket No. 133] is GRANTED. It is further
ORDERED that the actions plaintiff sought to remove are remanded to the
District Court for the County of El Paso, where they were filed as Case Nos. 11-cv34134 and 11-cv-00375.
DATED January 28, 2015.
BY THE COURT:
s/Philip A. Brimmer
PHILIP A. BRIMMER
United States District Judge
Defendant also argues that the Notice is untimely. Docket No. 133 at 8.
Although defendant’s argument appears to have merit, the Court need not and does not
consider it, having already found sufficient justification to remand the state court
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