Salim v. Holder et al
ORDER Directing Plaintiff To File Amended Complaint, by Magistrate Judge Boyd N. Boland on 12/2/13. (nmmsl, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 13-cv-03175-BNB
ERIC HOLDER, U.S. Att. Gen.,
CHARLES SAMUELS, JR., BOP Director,
HARREL WATTS, Adm. Ntl. Inmate Appeal,
PAUL LAIRD, BOP Reg. Director,
D. BERKEBILE, ADX Warden, and
JOHN DOES, Unknown FBI Agents,
ORDER DIRECTING PLAINTIFF TO FILE AMENDED COMPLAINT
Plaintiff, Mamdouh Salim, is a prisoner in the custody of the Federal Bureau of
Prisons and is incarcerated at the ADX in Florence, Colorado. He initiated this action by
submitting pro se a Prisoner Complaint asserting a deprivation of his constitutional
rights pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331 and Bivens v. Six Unkown Named Agents, 403 U.S.
388 (1971). Mr. Salim has been granted leave to proceed pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915 with payment if an initial partial filing fee.
The Court must construe the Prisoner Complaint liberally because Mr. Salim is
not represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972);
Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). However, the Court should not
act as an advocate for pro se litigants. See Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. The Court has
reviewed the complaint and has determined that it is deficient. For the reasons
discussed below, Mr. Salim will be ordered to file an amended complaint.
Mr. Salim alleges in the Prisoner Complaint that he was arrested in August 1998
based upon his alleged involvement in the embassy bombings in Tanzania and Kenya.
While detained in the Metropolitan Correctional Facility in New York awaiting trial, he
stabbed a correctional officer in the eye and later pleaded guilty to a charge of
attempted murder. Plaintiff is now serving a life sentence. Mr. Salim alleges that he
has been subject to Special Administrative Measures (SAMs) since December 1998.
He alleges that Defendants Holder, Samuels, and Berkabile imposed or renewed the
SAMs each year, without affording him procedural due process. Mr. Salim asserts that
the SAMs violate his First Amendment rights because they restrict his access to the
mail, the media, the telephone, and visitors. Mr. Salim’s administrative remedies
concerning the SAMs’ renewals have been denied. He seeks equitable and monetary
The Complaint is deficient because Defendants Watts and Laird cannot be held
liable on the basis that they denied Plaintiff’s grievances at different levels of
administrative review. The "denial of a grievance, by itself without any connection to the
violation of constitutional rights alleged by plaintiff, does not establish personal
participation under § 1983." Gallagher v. Shelton, 587 F.3d 1063, 1069 (10th Cir. 2009);
see also Whitington v. Ortiz, No. 07-1425, 307 F. App’x. 179, 193 (10th Cir. Jan. 13,
2009) (unpublished) (stating that "the denial of the grievances alone is insufficient to
establish personal participation in the alleged constitutional violations.") (internal
quotation marks and citation omitted).
Furthermore, Mr. Salim may use fictitious names, such as Jane or John Doe, if
he does not know the real names of the individuals who allegedly violated his rights.
However, if Mr. Salim uses fictitious names he must provide sufficient information about
each defendant so as to identify that individual for purposes of service. Plaintiff must
also allege specific facts to show that the defendant was personally involved in a
deprivation of his constitutional rights. See Kite v. Kelley, 546 F.2d 334, 338 (1976)
(personal participation by the defendants in a constitutional deprivation is an essential
element of a Bivens action); see also Kentucky v. Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 166 (1985).
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Plaintiff, Mamdouh Salim, file within thirty (30) days from the
date of this order, an amended complaint that complies with the directives in this
order. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that Mr. Salim shall obtain the court-approved Prisoner
Complaint form (with the assistance of his case manager or facility’s legal assistant),
along with the applicable instructions, at www.cod.uscourts.gov. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that, if Mr. Salim fails to file an amended complaint that
complies with this order to the Court’s satisfaction within the time allowed, the Court
may dismiss some of the claims and defendants without further notice for the reasons
DATED December 2, 2013, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Boyd N. Boland
United States Magistrate Judge
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