J. Lee Browning Belize Trust v. Aspen Mountain Condominium Association et al
ORDER granting 51 Motion to Stay. This matter is STAYED pending ruling on the State Defendants' Motion to Dismiss 49 . It is FURTHER ORDERED that the Scheduling Conference set for July 10, 2014 at 9:30 a.m. is VACATED. By Magistrate Judge Michael J. Watanabe on 7/7/2014.(trlee, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 13-cv-03519-RM-MJW
J. LEE BROWNING BELIZE TRUST, by Judi B. Francis, Trustee,
ASPEN MOUNTAIN CONDOMINIUM ASSOCIATION, INC., a Colorado corporation,
BARBARA J. KELLEY, Executive Director of the Colorado Department of Regulatory
MARCIA WATERS, Director of the Colorado Division of Real Estate, and
JOHN HICKENLOOPER, Governor of the State of Colorado,
STATE DEFENDANTS’ MOTION TO STAY
(Docket No. 51)
MICHAEL J. WATANABE
United States Magistrate Judge
This case is before this court pursuant to an Order Referring Case (Docket No. 7)
issued by Judge Raymond P. Moore on January 3, 2014.
Now before the court is the State Defendants’ Motion to Stay (Docket No. 51).
The court has carefully considered the subject motion. In addition, the court has taken
judicial notice of the court’s file, and has considered the applicable Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure and case law. The court now being fully informed makes the following
findings of fact, conclusions of law, and order.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not expressly provide for a stay of
proceedings. See String Cheese Incident, LLC v. Stylus Shows, Inc.,
02–cv–01934–LTB–PA, 2006 WL 894955, at *2 (D. Colo. Mar. 30, 2006) (unpublished).
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26 does, however, provide that “[a] party or any person
from whom discovery is sought may move for a protective order in the court where the
action is pending. The court may, for good cause, issue an order to protect a party or
person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense . . .
.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(a).
Moreover, “[t]he power to stay proceedings is incidental to the power inherent in
every court to control the disposition of the causes on its docket with economy of time
and effort for itself, for counsel, and for litigants. How this can best be done calls for the
exercise of judgment, which must weigh competing interests and maintain an even
balance.” Landis v. N. Am. Co., 299 U.S. 248, 254-255 (1936) (citing Kansas City S.
Ry. Co. v. United States, 282 U.S. 760, 763 (1931)). An order staying discovery is thus
an appropriate exercise of this court's discretion. Id.
A stay of all discovery is generally disfavored. Bustos v. United States, 257
F.R.D. 617, 623 (D. Colo. 2009). However, “a court may decide that in a particular case
it would be wise to stay discovery on the merits until [certain challenges] have been
resolved.” 8A Charles Alan Wright, Arthur R. Miller & Richard L. Marcus, Federal
Practice and Procedure § 2040, at 198 (3d ed. 2010). Thus, courts have routinely
recognized that discovery may be inappropriate while issues of immunity or jurisdiction
are being resolved. See, e.g., Siegert v. Gilley, 500 U.S. 226, 231–32 (1991) (noting
that immunity is a threshold issue and discovery should not be allowed while the issue is
pending); Workman v. Jordan, 958 F.2d 332, 336 (10th Cir. 1992) (same). Similarly, a
stay may be appropriate if “resolution of a preliminary motion may dispose of the entire
action.” Nankivil v. Lockheed Martin Corp., 216 F.R.D. 689, 692 (M.D. Fla. 2003). See
also Vivid Techs., Inc. v. Am. Sci. & Eng'r, Inc., 200 F.3d 795, 804 (Fed. Cir. 1999)
(“When a particular issue may be dispositive, the court may stay discovery concerning
other issues until the critical issue is resolved.”).
When considering a stay of discovery, this court has considered the following
factors: (1) the plaintiff's interests in proceeding expeditiously with the civil action and
the potential prejudice to plaintiff of a delay; (2) the burden on the defendants; (3) the
convenience to the court; (4) the interests of persons not parties to the civil litigation;
and (5) the public interest. See String Cheese Incident, 2006 WL 894955, at *2.
Here, the State Defendants seek to stay all discovery pending resolution of their
Motion to Dismiss (Docket No. 49). In their Motion to Dismiss, the State Defendants
argue, among other things, that they are entitled to immunity pursuant to the Eleventh
Amendment and the Younger abstention doctrine.
As to the first and second String Cheese factors, the court recognizes that
plaintiff has an interest in proceeding expeditiously. However, since plaintiff consents to
the stay, it cannot be said that plaintiff will suffer any prejudice. Furthermore, the court
recognizes that there is certainly a burden on the State Defendants if a stay is not put in
place. Defendants (and plaintiff) would be forced to conduct discovery which may not
otherwise be necessary. Furthermore, the court notes that defendant Aspen Mountain
Condominium Association, Inc. has also filed a Motion to Dismiss (Docket No. 34) and
does not oppose the stay.
As to the remaining factors, the court finds that the convenience to the court, the
interest of nonparties, and the public interest in general do not weigh heavily in either
Accordingly, on balance, the court finds that a stay of discovery is appropriate in
WHEREFORE, for the foregoing reasons, it is hereby
ORDERED that the State Defendants’ Motion to Stay (Docket No. 51) is
GRANTED. This matter is STAYED pending ruling on the State Defendants’ Motion to
Dismiss (Docket No. 49). It is
FURTHER ORDERED that the Scheduling Conference set for July 10, 2014 at
9:30 a.m. is VACATED.
Date: July 7, 2014
s/ Michael J. Watanabe
Michael J. Watanabe
United States Magistrate Judge
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