Cary v. Hickenlooper et al
AMENDED ORDER. ORDERED that the Court's September 14, 2015 order 85 is hereby VACATED. ORDERED that the Recommendation of Magistrate Judge 75 is ACCEPTED in part and REJECTED in part. ORDERED that the State Defendants' Motion to Dism iss Complaint 35 and Motion to Dismiss from Defendant Keri McKay 40 are GRANTED. ORDERED that plaintiffs claims against defendants Hickenlooper, Raemisch, Falk, Fauvel, McKay, Prusha, Vorwald, Page, and Herrera are DISMISSED. Entered by Judge Philip A. Brimmer on 09/15/15. (jhawk, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Judge Philip A. Brimmer
Civil Action No. 14-cv-00411-PAB-NYW
ARNOLD A. CARY,
JOHN W. HICKENLOOPER, Governor,
RICK RAEMISCH, Executive Director,
JAMES FALK, Warden SCF,
MAURICE FAUVEL, D.O. Physician’s Assistant,
KERI MCKAY, P.A., SCF Physician’s Assistant,
KELSEY PRUSHA, also known as Kelsey Dellinger, R.N., SCF,
KEVIN VORWALD, Captain, SCF,
VIRGINIA PAGE, Lieutenant, SCF,
JASON MOON, Lieutenant, SCF,
JAMES LUECK, Case Manager, SCF, and,
JOSEPH HERRERA, Case Manager, SCF,
This matter is before the Court on the Recommendation of United States
Magistrate Judge (the “Recommendation”) [Docket No. 75] filed on August 3, 2015. 1
The magistrate judge recommends that the State Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss
Complaint [Docket No. 35] and the Motion to Dismiss from Defendant Keri McKay
[Docket No. 40] be granted, that plaintiff’s amended complaint be dismissed in its
The Court adopts the definitions set forth in the Recommendation. Docket No.
75 at 1-2 n.1.
entirety, and that the plaintiff’s Supplemental Pleading [Docket No. 46] be stricken.
Docket No. 75. Plaintiff filed a timely objection. Docket No. 77. The Court will
“determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge’s disposition that has been
properly objected to” by plaintiff. Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3). “[A] party’s objections to the
magistrate judge’s report and recommendation must be both timely and specific to
preserve an issue for de novo review by the district court . . . .” United States v. One
Parcel of Real Property Known As 2121 East 30th St., 73 F.3d 1057, 1060 (10th Cir.
1996) (emphasis added). To be sufficiently specific, an objection must “enable the
district judge to focus attention on those issues—factual and legal—that are at the heart
of the parties’ dispute.” See id. at 1059 (quoting Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 147
In the absence of a proper objection, the Court may review a magistrate judge’s
recommendation under any standard it deems appropriate. See Summers v. Utah, 927
F.2d 1165, 1167 (10th Cir. 1991); see also Thomas, 474 U.S. at 150 (“[i]t does not
appear that Congress intended to require district court review of a magistrate’s factual
or legal conclusions, under a de novo or any other standard, when neither party objects
to those findings”). In light of plaintiff’s pro se status, the Court construes his filings
liberally. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972); Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d
1106, 1110 & n.3 (10th Cir. 1991). 2
Plaintiff objects to the Recommendation’s conclusion that his claims seeking
monetary damages against defendants in their official capacities are barred by the
The facts of this case have been set forth elsewhere and will not be restated
here except as relevant to resolving plaintiff’s objection. See Docket No. 75 at 2-4.
Eleventh Amendment. Docket No. 77 at 3-4. Plaintiff appears to contend that the text
of the Eleventh Amendment could be interpreted as permitting such claims. Id. The
Court disagrees. It is well settled that the Eleventh Amendment deprives a court of
subject matter jurisdiction over claims for retroactive money damages against
defendants in their official capacities. See Callahan v. Poppell, 471 F.3d 1155, 115859 (10th Cir. 2006); Hunt v. Bennett, 17 F.3d 1263, 1267 (10th Cir. 1994). T his aspect
of plaintiff’s objection is overruled.
Plaintiff appears to object to the Recommendation’s conclusion that he failed to
state a claim that defendants violated the Eighth Amendment by exposing him to
contaminated water. Docket No. 77 at 4-8. The Recommendation concluded that
plaintiff’s complaint failed to establish that Governor Hickenlooper, Executive Director
Raemisch, Captain Vorwald, Lieutenant Herrera, and Lieutenant Page personally
participated in the alleged constitutional violation. Docket No. 75 at 8-9. Plaintiff cites
Duffield v. Jackson, 545 F.3d 1234 (10th Cir. 2008), in support of his argument that the
“exhibit submitted within the complaint, links defendants.” Docket No. 77 at 6.
Plaintiff’s objection is insufficiently specific to trigger de novo review and, moreover, is
without merit. In Duffield, the Tenth Circuit upheld the dismissal of claims against
defendant medical providers for failure to allege personal participation. Id. at 1239.
Duffield does not therefore support plaintiff’s argument. Plaintiff does not otherwise
identify any particular aspect of his complaint or relevant exhibits that contradict the
Recommendation’s conclusion. Plaintiff’s objection is therefore overruled.
The Recommendation concluded that plaintiff failed to allege that he was subject
to an objectively substantial risk of harm from contaminated water. Docket No. 75 at
10-11. Although plaintiff disagrees with the Recommendation’s conclusion, plaintiff
does not allege any particular error in the Recommendation’s analysis of this element.
Plaintiff argues that “Alternative Drinking Water” from the Four Mile Correctional Facility
was contaminated, Docket No. 77 at 7, but does not explain or support his argument
with citation to the amended complaint. Nonetheless, after review of what appear to be
the relevant allegations, see Docket No. 11 at 10, ¶¶ 10-13, the Court f inds no error in
this aspect of the Recommendation.
The Recommendation concluded that plaintiff failed to allege the subjective
element of his Eighth Amendment claim alleging exposure to contaminated drinking
water. Docket No. 75 at 11-12. Plaintiff alleges that all defendants were informed of
water contamination because he informed them verbally and through grievances,
because Warden Falk’s memorandum described the water conditions at SCF, and
because plaintiff’s complaint would have placed defendants on notice of such
conditions. Docket No. 77 at 8. These facts, even if true, do not establish that
defendants acted with the requisite mental state because, in addition to being aware of
facts from which the inference could be drawn that a substantial risk of serious harm
exists, the prison official must actually draw the inference. See Farmer v. Brennan, 511
U.S. 825, 837 (1994). Plaintiff fails to establish that the alleged risk was sufficiently
obvious so as to conclude that defendants actually drew the requisite inference. Id. at
842. The Colorado Department of Corrections notification regarding SCF’s drinking
water states that short term exposure to low levels of uranium in drinking water is not
associated with health effects, which undercuts plaintiff’s position that defendants were
subjectively aware of an objectively serious risk. See Docket No. 35-1. Warden Falk’s
memo on the same subject similarly fails to evidence deliberate indifference. Docket
No. 35-2. Plaintiff’s conclusory allegations regarding defendants’ knowledge and
awareness are, for the reasons set forth in the Recommendation, insufficient to state a
claim, see Docket No. 77 at 6, as are his arguments that “Sterling’s current water
report” establishes the requisite state of mind. At best, plaintiff suggests that
defendants were negligent, which is, in all cases, insufficient to establish an Eighth
Amendment violation. Farmer, 811 U.S. at 835.
Plaintiff also challenges the Recommendation’s conclusion that he failed to state
an Eighth Amendment violation for denial of appropriate medical care. Docket No. 77
at 8-9. Plaintiff’s objection as to this aspect of the Recommendation is not, however,
sufficiently specific to trigger de novo review. Plaintiff argues that Ms. Dellinger refused
to provide him with bottled oxygen and told him to drink plenty of water, but fails to
explain why such conduct violates the Eighth Amendment. See id. at 8. Plaintiff
argues that his “Ambulatory Health Records” establish Ms. Dellinger’s personal
involvement, but plaintiff does not directly explain what action or inaction he claims Ms.
Dellinger took in violation of his rights. See id. Plaintiff’s argument with respect to the
objective element of this claim is conclusory and therefore without merit. Id. As to the
subjective element, plaintiff argues that defendants acted with deliberate indifference by
waiting for two years to order an MRI and that the MRI he received is inaccurate.
Docket No. 77 at 9. This argument is not responsive to the Recommendation’s
conclusion on this issue and the Court otherwise finds no error in this aspect of the
Recommendation. See Docket No. 75 at 16.
Plaintiff objects to the Recommendation’s conclusion that his supplemental
pleading should be stricken. Docket No. 77 at 9. 3 The magistrate struck the
supplemental pleading as untimely due to the fact that plaintiff failed to seek leave to
amend his complaint as required by Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2). Docket No. 75 at 17. The
magistrate judge also concluded that the allegations in the supplemental pleading
would not alter the result. Id. at 17 n.8. Plaintiff argues that the mailroom staff at SCF
held the supplemental pleading for several days before mailing it to the court and that it
contains relevant evidence. Docket No. 77 at 9.
The Court finds no error in this aspect of the Recommendation. Rule 15
provides that plaintiff may file an amended complaint as a matter of course 21 days
after serving it or 21 days after service of a Rule 12(b) motion, whichever is earlier.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(1). Plaintiff’s supplemental pleading was filed several months
after the Rule 15(a)(1) a deadline passed; thus, the supplem ental pleading would have
been untimely even if it had not been delayed for a few days in the SFC mail room.
The allegations in the supplemental pleading generally allege that radiation exposure is
detrimental, that plaintiff developed a mass in his scrotum in late 2014, and that the
mass is “serious.” Such allegations, however, do not establish that defendants acted
with the requisite mental state. Docket No. 46 at 2-3. The remainder of the
supplemental pleading, which discusses plaintiff’s radiology reports and recounts his
Although it is not clear the Recommendation’s conclusion on this issue is on a
dispositive issue, see Fed. R. Civ. P. 72, the Court nonetheless reviews this aspect of
the Recommendation de novo.
medical ailments, similarly fails to establish that Ms. McKay or Mr. Fauvel acted with
deliberate indifference. See id. at 3-4; Docket No. 46-1 at 1-4. Thus, none of the
allegations in the supplemental pleading call into question the Recommendation’s
conclusion that plaintiff failed to state a claim.
Plaintiff argues that he should be entitled to maintain his claim for punitive
damages, Docket No. 77 at 9; however, plaintiff does not identify any facts – and none
are apparent to the Court – that are contrary to the Recommendation’s conclusion on
The Court turns to the Recommendation’s conclusion that plaintiff’s amended
complaint should be dismissed in its entirety. Docket No. 75 at 18. The magistrate
judge recommended that the State Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss Complaint [Docket
No. 35] and the Motion to Dismiss from Defendant Keri McKay [Docket No. 40] be
granted and, on that basis, recommended that plaintiff’s amended complaint be
dismissed in its entirety. Docket No. 75. However, the Recommendation failed to
account for the fact that defendants Jason Moon and James Lueck have not been
served or entered an appearance in this action and did not join in either of the motions
to dismiss. See Docket Nos. 22, 32, 37, and 43. Because the m otions to dismiss did
not seek the dismissal of plaintiff’s claims against defendant Moon and defendant
Lueck, the Recommendation erred in concluding that the motions to dismiss warranted
dismissal of the amended complaint in its entirety. The Court therefore rejects the
Recommendation’s conclusion on this issue and, as a result, the Court w ill dismiss only
those claims asserted against defendants Hickenlooper, Raemisch, Falk, Fauvel,
McKay, Prusha, Vorwald, Page, and Herrera. Plaintiff’s claims against defendant Moon
and defendant Lueck are addressed in a separate order.
The Court has reviewed the remaining aspects of the Recommendation and is
satisfied that no clear error exists on the face of the record. See Thomas, 474 U.S. at
For the foregoing reasons, it is
ORDERED that the Court’s September 14, 2015 order [Docket No. 85] is hereby
VACATED. It is further
ORDERED that the Recommendation of Magistrate Judge [Docket No. 75] is
ACCEPTED in part and REJECTED in part. It is further
ORDERED that the State Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss Complaint [Docket No.
35] and Motion to Dismiss from Defendant Keri McKay [Docket No. 40] are GRANTED.
It is further
ORDERED that plaintiff’s claims against defendants Hickenlooper, Raemisch,
Falk, Fauvel, McKay, Prusha, Vorwald, Page, and Herrera are DISMISSED.
DATED September 15, 2015.
BY THE COURT:
s/Philip A. Brimmer
PHILIP A. BRIMMER
United States District Judge
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