XY, LLC v. Hasler
ORDER of Dismissal. ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED without prejudice for lack of subject matter jurisdiction by Judge Philip A. Brimmer on 04/01/14. (jhawk, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Judge Philip A. Brimmer
Civil Action No. 14-cv-00782-PAB
JOHN F. HASLER,
ORDER OF DISMISSAL
This matter is before the Court on the March 31, 2014 Response to Order to
Show Cause filed by plaintiff XY, LLC (“XY”). Docket No. 12. The Court ordered
plaintiff to show cause why this case should not be dismissed for lack of subject matter
jurisdiction. Docket No. 6.
The amended complaint alleges that the Court has subject matter jurisdiction
over this case pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). Docket No. 2 at 2, ¶ 3. Section
1332(a)(1) states: “The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of all civil actions
where the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of
interest and costs, and is between . . . citizens of different States.” In every case and at
every stage of the proceeding, a federal court must satisfy itself as to its own
jurisdiction, even if doing so requires sua sponte action. Citizens Concerned for
Separation of Church & State v. City & County of Denver, 628 F.2d 1289, 1297, 1301
(10th Cir. 1980). Absent an assurance that jurisdiction exists, a court may not proceed
in a case. See Cunningham v. BHP Petroleum Great Britain PLC, 427 F.3d 1238, 1245
(10th Cir. 2005).
The Court issued its Order to Show Cause on March 19, 2014, ordering plaintiff
to show cause why this case should not be dismissed for lack of subject matter
jurisdiction due to plaintiff’s failure to adequately allege its citizenship and the
citizenship of defendant John F. Hasler. Docket No. 6.
In response to the order to show cause, plaintiff states that it is wholly owned by
Inguran, LLC (“Inguran”), which has forty-four members, including limited liability
companies, partnerships, and trusts. Docket No. 12 at 2-3. XY states that it is “not
aware of any member (up to at least the fourth level from XY) that is a citizen of
Colorado.” Id. at 3. XY further states:
XY notes that certain members of Inugran’s [sic] entity members are entities
themselves. These entities may have additional entity members, who may
have additional entity members, and so on. Because these entities may be
LLCs and/or partnerships, XY would need to engage in an exhaustive
analysis of multiple levels of ownership, which would provide information
about persons that do not have a significant ownership interest in XY. XY
has provided ownership information up to four levels of ownership–
information beyond this would relate to members that exert a small and
insignificant contribution to the ownership of XY.
Id. (citation omitted); see also Docket No. 14 (Declaration of Evan Gedminas in Support
of XY, LLC’s Response to Court’s Order to Show Cause) at 4, ¶ 7 (“To the best of my
knowledge, the members of Inguran’s owners (listed above) are domiciled and reside in
of [sic] the following states: Arkansas, California, Delaware, and Texas. There are an
additional 49 members of the members of Inguran. I do not, however, have information
regarding the individual identities of these members.”).
As stated in the Order to Show Cause, although the Supreme Court and the
Tenth Circuit have not spoken specifically on the issue of citizenship of LLCs, the
consensus throughout the circuits is that an LLC, much like a partnership, is deemed to
be a citizen of all of the states of which its members are citizens. See D.B. Zwirn
Special Opportunities Fund, L.P. v. Mehrotra, 661 F.3d 124, 125 (1st Cir. 2011);
Bayerische Landesbank, New York Branch v. Aladdin Capital Management LLC, 692
F.3d 42, 49 (2d Cir. 2012); Zambelli Fireworks Mfg. Co., Inc. v. Wood, 592 F.3d 412,
420 (3d Cir. 2010); Central West Virginia Energy Co., Inc. v. Mountain State Carbon,
LLC, 636 F.3d 101, 103 (4th Cir. 2011); Arena v. Graybar Elec. Co., Inc., 669 F.3d 214,
224 (5th Cir. 2012); V&M Star, LP v. Centimark Corp., 596 F.3d 354, 356 (6th Cir.
2010); IP of A West 86th Street 1, LLC v. Morgan Stanley Mortg. Capital Holdings, LLC,
686 F.3d 361, 363 (7th Cir. 2012); Buffets, Inc. v. Leischow, 732 F.3d 889, 897 n.6 (8th
Cir. 2013); Carolina Cas. Ins. Co. v. Team Equipment, Inc., --- F.3d ----, 2014 WL
407389, at *2 (9th Cir. Feb. 4, 2014); Flintlock Constr. Servs., LLC v. Well-Come
Holdings, LLC, 710 F.3d 1221, 1224 (11th Cir. 2013).
It is well established that “[t]he party invoking federal jurisdiction bears the
burden of establishing such jurisdiction as a threshold matter.” Radil v. Sanborn W.
Camps, Inc., 384 F.3d 1220, 1224 (10th Cir. 2004). Plaintiff acknowledges that it has
not carried its burden, but suggests that it is not necessary to trace its ownership any
further because “information beyond this would relate to members that exert a small
and insignificant contribution to the ownership of XY.” Docket No. 12 at 3. In other
words, plaintiff asks the Court to relax the well-established rule regarding the citizenship
of an LLC because plaintiff finds that the strict application of the rule in this instance is
unnecessary. In Carden v. Arkoma Assocs., 494 U.S. 185, 196 (1990), however, the
Supreme Court explained that the law of federal jurisdiction is “technical, precedentbound, and unresponsive to policy considerations raised by the changing realities of
business organization.” Accordingly, this rule is not subject to adjustment on a case-bycase basis to accommodate differing factual scenarios or evidence regarding the role
played by different members of an organization. See V&M Star, LP, 596 F.3d 354, 356
(6th Cir. 2010) (“because a member of a limited liability company may itself have
multiple members–and thus may itself have multiple citizenships–the federal court
needs to know the citizenship of each ‘sub-member’ as well”); Hon. William W.
Schwarzer et al., Prac. Guide Fed. Civ. Proc. Before Trial (Nat Ed. 2014) Ch. 2C-3 at
§ 2:1355 (“In suits by or against a partnership, the citizenship of all partners–general
and limited–is attributed to the partnership for diversity purposes.”). Since plaintiff has
not met its “burden of establishing [the Court’s] jurisdiction as a threshold matter,” see
Radil, 384 F.3d at 1224, it is
ORDERED that this case is DISMISSED without prejudice for lack of subject
DATED April 1, 2014.
BY THE COURT:
s/Philip A. Brimmer
PHILIP A. BRIMMER
United States District Judge
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