Robledo-Valdez v. West et al
ORDER of Dismissal. The Prisoner Complaint, the Amended Prisoner Complaint, andthe action are dismissed. Leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal isdenied without prejudice. By Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 4/18/2014. (klyon, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 14-cv-00818-BNB
2 UNKNOWN TIME COMPUTATION OFFICERS
2 UNKNOWN PAROLE BOARD MEMBERS,
CHAIRMAN OF PAROLE BOARD,
HEAD OF OFFENDER SERVICES,
JAMES SINNOTT, and
ORDER OF DISMISSAL
Plaintiff, Craig Robledo-Valdez, is a prisoner in the custody of the Colorado
Department of Corrections. Mr. Robledo-Valdez initiated this action by filing pro se a
Prisoner Complaint (ECF No. 1). On March 26, 2014, Mr. Robledo-Valdez filed an
Amended Prisoner Complaint (ECF No. 7).
Mr. Robledo-Valdez has been granted leave to proceed in forma pauperis
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 in this action. Pursuant to § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i), the Court
must dismiss the action if the claims Mr. Robledo-Valdez is asserting are frivolous or
malicious. A legally frivolous claim is one in which the plaintiff asserts the violation of a
legal interest that clearly does not exist or asserts facts that do not support an arguable
claim. See Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 327-28 (1989). For the reasons stated
below, the Court will dismiss the action as legally frivolous and malicious.
The Court must construe the Amended Prisoner Complaint liberally because Mr.
Robledo-Valdez is not represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S.
519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). If the
Amended Prisoner Complaint reasonably can be read “to state a valid claim on which
the plaintiff could prevail, [the Court] should do so despite the plaintiff’s failure to cite
proper legal authority, his confusion of various legal theories, his poor syntax and
sentence construction, or his unfamiliarity with pleading requirements.” Hall, 935 F.2d
at 1110. However, the Court should not be an advocate for a pro se litigant. See id.
Mr. Robledo-Valdez asserts twenty-one claims for relief against forty-five
Defendants in the Amended Prisoner Complaint.1 The claims relate to incidents that
occurred while Mr. Robledo-Valdez was incarcerated at the Centennial Correctional
Facility and the Colorado State Penitentiary from May 2011 to September 18, 2012. Mr.
Robledo-Valdez currently is incarcerated at the Sterling Correctional Facility. He
concedes that he previously filed a lawsuit, see Robledo v. West, No. 13-cv-01577-LTB
(D. Colo. Jan. 21, 2014), appeal filed, No. 14-1067 (10th Cir. filed Feb. 24, 2014),
against all of the same Defendants in which he raised “[s]imilar if not [the] same claims.”
(ECF No. 7 at 27.) The Court dismissed civil action number 13-cv-01577-LTB as legally
“Repetitious litigation of virtually identical causes of action may be dismissed
under § 1915 as frivolous or malicious.” McWilliams v. Colorado, 121 F.3d 573, 574
(10th Cir. 1997) (quotation marks and alteration omitted). To determine whether a
pleading repeats pending or previously litigated claims, the Court may consult its own
records. See Duhart v. Carlson, 469 F.2d 471, 473 (10th Cir. 1972). The Court has
consulted its records and finds that the claims Mr. Robledo-Valdez asserts in the instant
action are repetitive of the claims he raised in case number 13-cv-01577-LTB. Although
The Amended Prisoner Complaint includes two separate claims identified as claim 7. (See ECF
No. 7 at 18-19.)
the two actions are not identical, most of the claims in the Amended Prisoner Complaint
actually were raised in civil action number 13-cv-01577-LTB. To the extent Mr.
Robledo-Valdez is asserting a claim or claims challenging the conditions of his
confinement that were not actually raised in civil action number 13-cv-01577-LTB, he
fails to allege specific facts that support an arguable claim for relief.
Mr. Robledo-Valdez also includes in the Amended Prisoner Complaint claims
challenging parole proceedings that were not raised in civil action number 13-cv-01577LTB. To the extent Mr. Robledo-Valdez is challenging the execution of his sentence
and seeking habeas corpus relief, the parole-related claims may not be raised in a civil
rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See Palma-Salazar v. Davis, 677 F.3d
1031, 1035 (10th Cir. 2012) (discussing distinction between habeas corpus claims
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 and conditions of confinement claims raised in civil rights
actions). Furthermore, Mr. Robledo-Valdez previously has filed at least two habeas
corpus actions in the District of Colorado in which he raised claims challenging some,
and possibly all, of the same parole proceedings. See Robledo v. Schaeffer, No. 13-cv02084-LTB (D. Colo. Feb. 11, 2014); Robledo-Valdez v. Trani, No. 12-cv-02203-WYD
(D. Colo. June 26, 2013). To the extent Mr. Robledo-Valdez may be seeking other relief
with respect to the parole-related claims, the claims are barred by the rule in Heck v.
Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994). In short, a civil rights action filed by a state prisoner
“is barred (absent prior invalidation) – no matter the relief sought (damages or equitable
relief), no matter the target of the prisoner’s suit (state conduct leading to conviction or
internal prison proceedings) – if success in that action would necessarily demonstrate
the invalidity of confinement or its duration.” Wilkinson v. Dotson, 544 U.S. 74, 81-82
For these reasons, the instant action will be dismissed as legally frivolous and
malicious. Furthermore, the Court certifies pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any
appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith and therefore in forma pauperis
status will be denied for the purpose of appeal. See Coppedge v. United States, 369
U.S. 438 (1962). If Plaintiff files a notice of appeal he also must pay the full $505
appellate filing fee or file a motion to proceed in forma pauperis in the United States
Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit within thirty days in accordance with Fed. R. App.
P. 24. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the Prisoner Complaint, the Amended Prisoner Complaint, and
the action are dismissed as legally frivolous and malicious pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
1915(e)(2)(B)(i). It is
FURTHER ORDERED that leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal is
denied without prejudice to the filing of a motion seeking leave to proceed in forma
pauperis on appeal in the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit.
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this 18th day of
April , 2014.
BY THE COURT:
s/Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?