Winkles v. No Named Respondent
ORDER denying 23 Motion for Relief from Judgment Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) by Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 8/1/14.(dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 14-cv-00974-LTB
CLIFFORD MARCUS WINKLES,
[NO NAMED RESPONDENT],
ORDER DENYING MOTION TO RECONSIDER
Applicant, Clifford Marcus Winkles, is a prisoner in the custody of the Federal
Bureau of Prisons currently incarcerated at the United States Penitentiary, High
Security, in Florence, Colorado. On July 28, 2014, he filed pro se a “Motion for Relief
from Judgment Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e)” (ECF No. 23). The Court must
construe the Motion liberally because Mr. Winkles is not represented by an attorney.
See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v. Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106,
1110 (10th Cir. 1991). For the reasons discussed below, the Motion is denied.
In the Motion, Mr. Winkles asks the Court to reconsider and vacate the Order of
Dismissal (ECF No. 20) and the Judgment (ECF No. 21) entered in this action on July
17, 2014. Alternatively, Mr. Winkles asks the Court to address “in its entirety” his first
argument in the Response to Order to Show Cause (ECF No. 19) and to reconsider the
Court’s order denying him leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal as to the first
argument. (See ECF No. 23 at 3).
A litigant subject to an adverse judgment, and who seeks reconsideration by the
district court of that adverse judgment, may “file either a motion to alter or amend the
judgment pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) or a motion seeking relief from the judgment
pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b).” Van Skiver v. United States, 952 F.2d 1241, 1243
(10th Cir. 1991). A motion to alter or amend the judgment must be filed within twentyeight days after the judgment is entered. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e). The Court will
consider the Motion pursuant to Rule 59(e) because the Motion was filed within twentyeight days after the Judgment was entered in this action. See Van Skiver, 952 F.2d at
1243 (stating that motion to reconsider filed within ten-day limit for filing a Rule 59(e)
motion under prior version of that rule should be construed as a Rule 59(e) motion).
A Rule 59(e) motion may be granted “to correct manifest errors of law or to
present newly discovered evidence.” Phelps v. Hamilton, 122 F.3d 1309, 1324 (10th
Cir. 1997) (internal quotation marks omitted). Relief under Rule 59(e) also is
appropriate when “the court has misapprehended the facts, a party’s position, or the
controlling law.” Servants of the Paraclete v. Does, 204 F.3d 1005, 1012 (10th Cir.
2000). However, a Rule 59(e) motion is not a new opportunity to revisit issues already
addressed or to advance arguments that could have been raised previously. See id.
The Court denied Mr. Winkles’ Application for a Writ of Habeas Corpus Pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 (ECF No. 11) and dismissed the instant action without prejudice for
lack of statutory jurisdiction because Applicant failed to demonstrate that the remedy
available to him pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 in the United States District Court for the
Central District of California, the sentencing court, was inadequate or ineffective. As
explained in the Order of Dismissal, Mr. Winkles bears the burden of demonstrating that
the remedy under § 2255 is inadequate or ineffective. See Prost v. Anderson, 636 F.3d
578, 584 (10th Cir. 2011). The question is “whether a petitioner’s argument challenging
the legality of his detention could have been tested in an initial § 2255 motion.” Id. at
584, 588 (recognizing that the opportunity to seek a § 2255 remedy must be deemed
“genuinely absent” before a petitioner may properly file a § 2241 petition).
In the Motion, Mr. Winkles contends that the Court failed to properly construe,
consider, and address his first argument regarding the alleged inadequacy or
ineffectiveness of his § 2255 remedy. Mr. Winkles asserts that § 2255 “is inadequate or
ineffective because the remedy is only available to test a conviction or sentence for
which the sentence is currently ‘being served.’” (ECF No. 23 at 2; ECF No. 19 at 4).
Mr. Winkles argues that he cannot challenge his conviction for count four, violation of 18
U.S.C. § 924(c), under § 2255 because he has “already completed the term of
imprisonment imposed” for count four and thus, is not “in custody under sentence” for
purposes of § 2255. As Mr. Winkles concedes, he received a total of 476 months of
incarceration based on the following consecutive sentencing arrangement— 92 months
for counts two, three, five, and seven; 84 months for count four; and 300 months for
count six. (See ECF No. 19 at 5-6). Mr. Winkles argues that he currently is serving “his
last 300 month consecutive term” and thus, cannot challenge his conviction and
resulting 84 month sentence for count four. (Id.). This argument does not carry Mr.
Winkles’ burden of showing that the opportunity to seek a remedy under § 2255 is
inadequate or ineffective. See Brace v. United States, 634 F.3d 1167, 1169 (10th Cir.
2011). Moreover, as set forth in the Order of Dismissal, Mr. Winkles has an appeal
pending in the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which involves
consideration of the underlying § 2255 proceedings. The mere fact that Mr. Winkles’
argument that he no longer is “in custody under sentence” for count four has not been
raised in the proceedings in the Ninth Circuit does not change this Court’s determination
that Mr. Winkles has failed to demonstrate that the remedy available to him pursuant to
28 U.S.C. § 2255 is inadequate or ineffective.
Accordingly, upon consideration of the Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) motion and the
entire file, the Court finds that Mr. Winkles fails to demonstrate some reason why the
Court should reconsider and vacate the order to dismiss this action. Therefore, the
motion will be denied.
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the motion titled “Motion for Relief from Judgment Pursuant to
Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e)” (ECF No. 23) that Mr. Winkles filed on July 28, 2014, and which
the Court has treated as a motion to alter or amend the judgment pursuant to Fed. R.
Civ. P. 59(e), is denied.
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this 1st day of
BY THE COURT:
s/Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?