Villanueva v. Fremont County
STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER, by Magistrate Judge Boyd N. Boland on 10/15/2014. (trlee, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 14-cv-01645-RM-BNB
FREMONT COUNTY, by and through its Board of County Commissioners,
STIPULATED CONFIDENTIALITY PROTECTIVE ORDER
The parties to this Agreed Confidentiality Order have agreed to the terms of this Order, and
good cause has been shown. ; a Accordingly, it is IT IS ORDERED:
In this action, at least one of the Parties has sought and/or may seek Confidential
Information, including Protected Health Information. “Confidential Information” and “Protected
Health Information” are defined in paragraphs 5 and 6 below.
The parties anticipate that some of the Confidential Information may, but not
necessarily would, lead to questioning concerning Confidential Information and Protected Health
Information in the course of depositions.
The Parties assert the disclosure of Confidential Information and Protected Health
Information could result in significant injury to one or more of the Parties’ business or privacy
interests, the patient(s) identified in the protected health records, and/or violation of the Health
Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (“HIPAA”).
Scope. All documents, records, files or portions of files, materials, electronically
stored information, transcribed testimony and information (including but not limited to extract,
abstract, chart, summary, note or copy made therefrom), produced or adduced in the course of
discovery, including, initial disclosures, responses to discovery requests, deposition testimony and
exhibits, and information derived directly therefrom (hereinafter collectively “documents”) and
designated as “Confidential,” shall be subject to this Order concerning Confidential Information
and/or Protected Health Information as defined below. As used in this Protective Order, “document”
is defined as provided in Fed. R. Civ. P. 34(a). A draft or non-identical copy of a separate document
is a separate document within the meaning of this term. This Order is subject to the Local Rules of
this District and the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure on matters of procedure and calculation of
Confidential Information defined.
As used in this Order, “Confidential
Information” means information designated as “CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order in
14-cv-1645” by the producing party and includes but is not limited to information that is confidential
and implicates common law and statutory privacy interests of Plaintiff and Defendants in this matter,
including current and former employees of Fremont County. “Confidential Information” includes
but is not limited to:
Medical information concerning any individual and/or “Protected Health
The Parties and/or their representatives’ personnel/employment files;
Select portions of internal affairs investigation files;
Personal financial, tax and identification information of the Parties; and
or disciplinary cases where no discipline has been imposed.
Information or documents that are available to the public may not be designated as Confidential
Protected Health Information defined. “Protected Health Information” is defined
under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and the Federal Regulations enacted
pursuant to said Act and the Protective Order incorporates the definition therein as well as, but not
limited to, a patient’s name, address, birth date, admission date, discharge date, date of death,
telephone number, fax number, e-mail address, social security number, medical records number,
insurance plan information, account number, certificate/license number, vehicle identifier and
license number, device identifier and serial number, URL, IP address number, biometric identifier
including voice and finger prints, photographs, and any other unique identifying number,
characteristic or code.
Designation of documents.
Documents containing Confidential Information, including Protected Health
Information, are designated as Confidential Information by placing or affixing the words
“CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order in 14-cv-1645” on all copies in a manner
that will not interfere with the legibility of the document. As used in this Order, “copies”
includes electronic images, duplicates, extracts, summaries or descriptions that contain the
Any information designated by a Party as Confidential Information will first
be reviewed by that Party’s attorney. In designating any material as “CONFIDENTIAL –
Subject to Protective Order in 14-cv-1645” the designating Party’s attorney certifies that the
designation is based on a good faith belief that the information is confidential or otherwise
entitled to protection under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(7).
The marking “CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order in 14-cv-
1645” shall be applied prior to or at the time the documents are produced or disclosed.
Applying that the marking “CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order in 14-cv-1645”
does not mean that the document has any status or protection by statute otherwise except to
the extent and for the purposes of this Order. Any copies that are made of any documents
marked “CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order in 14-cv-1645” shall also be so
marked, except that indices, electronic databases or lists of documents that do not contain
substantial portions or images of the text marked documents and do not otherwise disclose
the substance of the Confidential Information are not required to be marked.
Designation of discovery responses. Responses to discovery requests are designated
by marking “CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order in 14-cv-1645” next to or above the
Depositions. Whenever a depositions involves the disclosure of Confidential
Information and/or Protected Health Information, those portions of the deposition involving
Confidential Information and/or Protected Health Information shall be designated as
“CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order.” Such designation shall be made on the record
during the deposition whenever possible, but a Party may designate portions of depositions as
“CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order” after transcription, provided written notice of the
designation is promptly given to all counsel of record within thirty (30) days after notice by the court
reporter of the completion of the transcript.
Admissibility of the designated Confidential
Information will be reserved for and addressed at trial.
Protection of confidential materials.
General protections. Confidential Information shall not be used, disclosed,
revealed or leaked to the media (inadvertently or otherwise) by the parties, counsel for the
parties or any other persons identified in subparagraph (b) for any purpose whatsoever other
than this litigation, including any appeal thereof.
Individuals authorized to review
Confidential Information pursuant to this Protective Order including, but not limited to, the
Parties to this action and their undersigned counsel, shall hold Confidential Information in
confidence and shall not divulge the Confidential Information, either verbally or in writing,
to any other person, entity or government agency unless authorized to do so by court order.
Limited third-party disclosures. The parties and counsel for the parties
shall not disclose or permit the disclosure of any Confidential Information to any third
person or entity except as set forth in subparagraphs (1) – (9). Subject to these requirements,
the following categories of persons may be allowed to review Confidential Information, so
long as the individual is not involved with or connected to the media:
Counsel. Counsel for the parties and employees of counsel who have
responsibility for the preparation and trial of this action;
Parties. Individual parties and employees of a party but only to the extent
counsel determines in good faith that the employee’s assistance is reasonably
necessary to the conduct of the litigation in which the information is
The Court and its personnel;
Court Reporters and Recorders. Stenographic reporters who are engaged
in proceedings necessarily incident to the conduct of this action;
Contractors. Those persons specifically engaged for the limited purpose of
making copies of documents and organizing or processing documents,
including outside vendors hired to process electronically stored documents;
Consultants and Experts. Consultants, investigators, or experts retained or
specifically employed by the parties or counsel for the parties to assist in the
preparation and trial of this action, whether or not such individual is expected
to be called as a witness at trial;
Witnesses at depositions. During their depositions, witnesses in this action
to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary. Witnesses shall not retain a
copy of documents containing Confidential Information, except witnesses
may receive a copy of all exhibits marked at their deposition in connection
with review of the transcripts. Pages of transcribed deposition testimony or
exhibits to depositions that are designated as Confidential Information
pursuant to the process set out in this Order must be separately bound by the
court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under
Author or recipient. The author or recipient of the document (not including
the person who received the document in the course of the litigation); and
Others by consent. Other persons only by written consent of the producing
party or upon order of the Court and on such conditions as may be agreed or
Control of Documents. Counsel for the parties shall make reasonable efforts
to prevent unauthorized or inadvertent disclosure of Confidential Information.
Inadvertent failure to designate. An inadvertent failure to designate a document
as Confidential Information does not, standing alone, waive the right to so designate the document;
provided, however, that a failure to serve a timely Notice of Designation of deposition testimony
as required by this Order, even if inadvertent, waives any protection for deposition testimony. If a
party designates a document as Confidential Information after it was initially produced, the receiving
party, on notification of the designation, must make a reasonable effort to assure that the document
is treated in accordance with the provisions of this Order. No party shall be found to have violated
this Order for failing to maintain the confidentiality of material during a time when that material has
not been designated Confidential Information, even where the failure to so designate was inadvertent
and where the material is subsequently designated Confidential Information.
No waiver of discoverability, authenticity or admissibility. By agreeing to the
entry of this Protective Order, the Parties do not waive objections or adopt any position as to the
authenticity or admissibility of documents produced subject to it. The parties expressly state that
entry of this Protective Order is not intended to waive any objections or otherwise admit the
potential relevance or discoverability of any document or other material. Neither the taking of any
action in accordance with the provisions of this Protective Order, nor the failure to object thereto,
shall be construed as a waiver of any claim or defense in this action.
Filing of Confidential Information. This Order does not, by itself, authorize the
filing of any document under seal. Any party wishing to file a document designated as Confidential
Information in connection with a motion, brief or other submission to the Court must comply with
Local Rule 7.2.
No greater protection of specific documents. Except on privilege grounds not
addressed by this Order, no party may withhold information from discovery on the ground that it
requires protection greater than that afforded by this Order unless the party moves for an order
providing such special protection.
Challenges by a Party to designation as Confidential Information.
designation of any material or document as Confidential Information is subject to challenge by any
party. A Party may object to the designation of particular Confidential Information by giving
written notice to the Party designating the disputed information. The written notice shall identify
the information to which the objection is made. If the parties cannot resolve the objection within
ten (10) business days after the time the notice is received, it shall be the obligation of the Party
designating the information as Confidential to file an appropriate motion requesting that the Court
determine whether the disputed information should be subject to the terms of this Protective Order
within thirty (30) days of the aforementioned notice. If such a motion is timely filed, the disputed
information shall be treated as Confidential under the terms of this Protective Order or until the
Court rules on the motion. If the designating Party fails to file such a motion within the prescribed
time, the disputed information shall lose its designation as Confidential and shall not thereafter be
treated as Confidential Information in accordance with this Protective Order. In connection with
a motion filed under this provision, the Party designating the information as Confidential shall bear
the burden of establishing that good cause exists for the disputed information to be treated as
Use of Confidential Information or documents at trial. Nothing in this Order shall
be construed to affect the admissibility of any document, material, or information at any trial or
hearing. A party that intends to present or which anticipates that another party may present
Confidential Information at a hearing or trial shall bring that issue to the Court’s and parties’
attention by motion or in a pretrial memorandum without disclosing the Confidential Information.
The Court may thereafter make such orders as are necessary to govern the use of such documents
or information at trial.
Confidential information subpoenaed or ordered produced in other litigation.
If a receiving party is served with a subpoena or an order issued in other
litigation that would compel disclosure of any material or document designated in this action
as Confidential Information, the receiving party must so notify the designating party, in
writing, immediately and in no even more than five court days after receiving the subpoena
or order. Such notification must include a copy of the subpoena or court order.
The receiving party must also immediately inform in writing the party who
caused the subpoena or order to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material
covered by the subpoena or order is the subject of this Order. In addition, the receiving party
must deliver a copy of this Order promptly to the party in the other action that cased the
subpoena to issue.
The purpose of imposing these duties is to alert the interested persons to the
existence of this Order and to afford the designating party in this case an opportunity to try
to protect its Confidential Information in the court from which the subpoena or order issued.
The designating party shall bear the burden and the expense of seeking protection in that
court of its Confidential Information, and nothing in these provisions should be construed
as authorizing a receiving party in this action to disobey a lawful directive from another
court. The obligations set forth in this paragraph remain in effect while the party has in its
possession, custody or control Confidential Information by the other party to this case.
Challenges by members of the public to sealing orders. A party or interested
member of the public has a right to challenge the sealing of particular documents that have been
filed under seal, and the party asserting confidentiality will have the burden of demonstrating the
propriety of filing under seal.
Obligations on conclusion of litigation.
Order continues in force. Unless otherwise agreed or ordered, this Order
shall remain in force after dismissal or entry of final judgment not subject to further appeal.
Obligations at conclusion of litigation. Within sixty-three days after
dismissal or entry of final judgment not subject to further appeal, all Confidential
Information and documents marked “CONFIDENTIAL – Subject to Protective Order in 14cv-1645” under this Order, including copies as defined in ¶ 7(a), shall be returned to the
producing party unless: (1) the document has been offered into evidence or filed without
restriction as to disclosure; (2) the parties agree to destruction in lieu of return; or (3) as to
documents bearing the notations, summations or other mental impressions of the receiving
party, that party elects to destroy the documents and certifies to the producing party that it
has done so.
Retention of work product and one set of filed documents.
Notwithstanding the above requirements to return or destroy documents, counsel may retain
(1) attorney work product, including an index that refers or relates to designated Confidential
Information so long as that work product does not duplicate verbatim substantial portions
of Confidential Information, and (2) one complete set of all documents filed with the Court
including those filed under seal. Any retained Confidential Information shall continue to be
protected under this Order. An attorney may use his or her work product in subsequent
litigation, provided that its use does not disclose or use Confidential Information.
Order subject to modification. This Order shall be subject to modification by the
Court on its own initiative or on motion of a party or any other person with standing concerning the
subject matter for good cause shown following notice to all Parties and the opportunity for them to
No prior judicial determination.
This Order is entered based on the
representations and agreements of the parties and for the purpose of facilitating discovery. Nothing
herein shall be construed or presented as a judicial determination that any document or material
designated as Confidential Information by counsel or the parties is entitled to protection under Rule
26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure or otherwise until such time as the Court may rule on
a specific document or issue.
Further protection not precluded. Nothing in this Protective Order shall preclude
any Party from filing a motion seeking further or different protection from the court under Rule
26(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Persons bound. This Order shall take effect when entered and shall be binding
upon all counsel of record and their law firms, the parties, and persons made subject to this Order
by its terms.
Dated October 15, 2014.
BY THE COURT:
s/ Boyd N. Boland
United States Magistrate Judge
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