Hammond v. Beicker et al
ORDER Directing Plaintiff to File Amended Complaint, by Magistrate Judge Craig B. Shaffer on 7/21/2014. (slibi, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 14-cv-01991-BNB
(The above civil action number must appear on all future papers
sent to the court in this action. Failure to include this number
may result in a delay in the consideration of your claims.)
ANDREA HAMMOND, JD,
FREMONT COUNTY SHERIFF’S OFFICE,
DEPUTY BANUFFICIO/DOE, (Spelling of last name unknown),
DEPUTY COLLUM, NURSE KATHY DOE, SGT. MILLER, and
ANY DEPUTIES WORKING IN G POD THE NIGHT OF MS. HAMMOND”S ASTHMA
ORDER DIRECTING PLAINTIFF TO FILE AMENDED COMPLAINT
Defendants filed a timely Notice of Removal on July 18, 2014, removing this
action from the District Court for the County of Fremont because the pro se Complaint
contains a claim for violation of the Plaintiff’s constitutional rights, pursuant to 42 U.S.C.
§ 1983. See 28 U.S.C. §§1441 and 1446. The Plaintiff is incarcerated at the La Vista
Correctional Facility in Pueblo, Colorado.
The Court must construe the Complaint liberally because Plaintiff is not
represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v.
Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). However, the Court should not act as
an advocate for pro se litigants. See Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. The Court has reviewed
the Complaint, pursuant to the United States District Court for the District of Colorado
D.C.COLO.LCivR 8.1(b), and has determined that it is deficient. For the reasons
discussed below, Plaintiff will be ordered to file an Amended Complaint.
Plaintiff alleges that while held at the Fremont County Jail in Cañon City,
Colorado, she was denied adequate medical care, sexually harassed, was housed with
unsanitary and unhygienic persons, who defecated, urinated, and vomited in the living
area, and was denied cleaning supplies in a timely manner.
The Prisoner Complaint is deficient in part because Plaintiff fails to allege specific
facts to show the personal participation of Defendants in the violation of her
constitutional rights. Personal participation is an essential element of a civil rights
action. See Bennett v. Passic, 545 F.2d 1260, 1262-63 (10th Cir. 1976); Kentucky v.
Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 166 (1985).
To establish personal participation, Plaintiff must show how each individual
caused the deprivation of a federal right. See Kentucky v. Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 166
(1985). There must be an affirmative link between the alleged constitutional violation
and each defendant’s participation, control or direction, or failure to supervise. See
Butler v. City of Norman, 992 F.2d 1053, 1055 (10th Cir. 1993). A defendant may not
be held liable on a theory of respondeat superior merely because of his or her
supervisory position. See Pembaur v. City of Cincinnati, 475 U.S. 469, 479 (1986);
McKee v. Heggy, 703 F.2d 479, 483 (10th Cir. 1983). A supervisor is only liable for
constitutional violations that they cause. See Dodds v. Richardson, et al., 614 F.3d 1185
(10th Cir. 2010) (Tymkovich, J., concurring).
A supervisor, such as Sheriff Jim Beiker, can only be held liable for his own
deliberate intentional acts. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 676 (2009); Serna v.
Colo. Dep’t of Corrections, 455 F.3d 1146, 1151 (10th Cir. 2006) (“Supervisors are only
liable under § 1983 for their own culpable involvement in the violation of a person's
constitutional rights.”); see also Fogarty v. Gallegos, 523 F.3d 1147, 1162 (10th Cir.
2008) (“[Section] 1983 does not recognize a concept of strict supervisor liability; the
defendant’s role must be more than one of abstract authority over individuals who
actually committed a constitutional violation.”).
Furthermore, Plaintiff must explain in her Amended Complaint what each
defendant did to her, when the defendant did the action, how the action harmed her,
and what specific legal right she believes the defendant violated. Nasious v. Two
Unknown B.I.C.E. Agents, 492 F.3d 1158, 1163 (10th Cir. 2007). Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that within thirty days from the date of this Order Plaintiff, Andrea
Hammond, file an Amended Complaint that complies with the directives in this Order. It
FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff shall obtain a Court-approved Prisoner
Complaint form (with the assistance of her case manager or facility’s legal assistant),
along with the applicable instructions, at www.cod.uscourts.gov. to be used in filing the
Amended Complaint. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that, if Plaintiff fails to file an Amended Complaint that
complies with this Order to the Court’s satisfaction within the time allowed, the Court
may dismiss this action without further notice for the reasons discussed above.
DATED July 21, 2014, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
s/Craig B. Shaffer
United States Magistrate Judge
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