Sanchez v. City and County of Denver et al
ORDER to Dismiss in Part and to Draw in Part by Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 1/6/15. Defendant City and County of Denver is dismissed, and 13 Motion for Appointment of Counsel is denied. (dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 14-cv-02804-GPG
CITY AND COUNTY OF DENVER,
DETECTIVE JOHN H. BAUER, 97032,
DETECTIVE NICHOLAS E. ROGERS, 86037, and
DETECTIVE JOHN G. ROBLEDO, 05122,
ORDER TO DISMISS IN PART AND TO DRAW IN PART
Plaintiff Arthur Sanchez is in the custody of the Colorado Department of
Corrections and currently is incarcerated at the Sterling Correctional Facility in Sterling,
Colorado. He initiated this action by filing pro se a Prisoner Complaint alleging a
deprivation of his constitutional rights pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff also
requested leave to proceed pursuant to 28 U..S.C. §1915, which was granted on
November 7, 2014.
On November 11, 2014, Magistrate Judge Gordon P. Gallagher directed Plaintiff
to amend the Complaint, comply with Fed. R. Civ. P. 8, and state how each named
defendant personally participated in the alleged violation. Plaintiff also was informed
that municipalities, such as City and County of Denver, are not liable under 42 U.S.C.
§ 1983 solely because their employees inflect injury on a plaintiff. Monell v. New York
City Dep’t of Social Servs., 436 U.S. 658, 694 (1978); Hinton v. City of Elwood, Kan.,
997 F.2d 774, 782 (10th Cir. 1993). Plaintiff was further informed that to state liability
against the City and County he must show that a policy or custom exists and that there
is a direct causal link between the policy or custom and the injury alleged. City of
Canton, Ohio v. Harris, 489 U.S. 378, 385 (1989). Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint
on December 18, 2014.
The Court must construe the Amended Complaint liberally because Plaintiff is a
pro se litigant. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v. Bellmon, 935
F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). However, the Court should not act as a pro se
litigant’s advocate. See Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. The Court will dismiss this action in
part, for the reasons stated below.
In the Amended Complaint, Plaintiff asserts two claims. Plaintiff asserts that
Defendants used excessive force and conducted an unreasonable search and seizure
in violation of his Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment rights when they arrested him on
October 16, 2013. Plaintiff, however, does not state that Defendants’ actions were
directly related to a policy or custom of the City and County of Denver. To the contrary,
Plaintiff asserts that Defendants did not follow policies and procedures written by the
Denver Police Department when they conducted five different searches of Plaintiff.
Defendant City and County of Denver, therefore, will be dismissed as an improperly
The excessive force and unreasonable search and seizure claims asserted
against remaining Defendants John H. Bauer, Nicholas E. Rogers, and John G.
Robledo will be ordered drawn to a presiding judge and if appropriate to a magistrate
judge. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Defendant City and County of Denver is dismissed as an
improperly named party to this action. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that the excessive force and unreasonable search and
seizure claims asserted against Defendants John H. Bauer, Nicholas E. Rogers, and
John G. Robledo are ordered drawn to a presiding judge and if appropriate to a
magistrate judge. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion for Appointment of Counsel, ECF
No. 13, is denied as premature.
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this 6th day of
BY THE COURT:
s/Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?