Dakota Station II Condominium Association, Inc. v. Auto Owners Insurance Company
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO AMEND ANSWER by Magistrate Judge Nina Y. Wang on 10/30/15 granting 34 Motion for Leave. A Scheduling Conference set for 12/17/2015 10:00 AM in Courtroom C204 before Magistrate Judge Nina Y. Wang. No later than December 10, 2015, the Parties will submit a joint supplementalScheduling Order. (bsimm, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 14-cv-2839-RM-NYW
DAKOTA STATION II CONDOMINIUM ASSOCIATION, INC., a Colorado nonprofit
AUTO-OWNERS INSURANCE COMPANY, a Michigan corporation,
ORDER GRANTING MOTION TO AMEND ANSWER
Magistrate Judge Nina Y. Wang
This matter comes before the court on the Motion for Leave to Amend Answer to Assert
Defense of Insurance Fraud, Affirmative Claims Arising Out of Insurance Fraud, and to Add CoConspirators Scott Benglen, Claim Solutions LLC, Susan Cwik and Gunbarrel Real Estate
Company as Third-Party Defendants Regarding Insurance Fraud Claims (“Motion to Amend
Answer”) [#34] filed by Defendant Auto-Owners Insurance Company (“Defendant” or “AutoOwners”) on July 17, 2015. The Motion to Amend Answer was referred to this Magistrate Judge
by the Order of Reference dated February 4, 2015 [#23], the Reassignment dated February 10,
2015 [#24], and the Memorandum dated July 20, 2015 [#35]. The court held oral argument on
August 26, 2015, and took the matter under advisement at that time. [#46]. Having reviewed the
Parties’ briefing, the applicable case law, the court file, and being fully advised of the premises,
Defendant’s Motion to Amend Answer is GRANTED.
Plaintiff Dakota Station II Condominium Association (“Plaintiff” or “Dakota Station”)
initiated a lawsuit against Defendant in Jefferson County, Colorado District Court on June 5,
2014. [#1-3]. In its original Complaint and Jury Demand, Dakota Station asserted a claim under
Colo. Rev. Stat. §§ 10-3-1115, 10-3-1116 for undue delay in payment of insurance benefits
arising from hail damage arising from a storm on June 6, 2012. [Id. at ¶ 10]. On September 22,
2014, Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint and Jury Demand, adding a claim for breach of
contract [#1-6 at 3-4]. Auto-Owners removed the case to this court on October 17, 2014. [#1].
The court entered a Scheduling Order governing this case on January 23, 2015. [#20]. In
that Order, the deadline for amendment of pleadings and joinder of Parties was set for February
27, 2015 – the date proposed jointly by both Parties. Compare [#20 at 7] with [#16 at 8]. In the
Scheduling Order, the deadline for discovery was set for July 23, 2015, and dispositive motions
were due on August 21, 2015. [#20 at 7]. By Order dated June 12, 2015, the court granted the
Parties’ joint request to extend expert disclosure deadlines and the discovery deadline until July
22, 2015 and August 15, 2015, respectively. [#31]. The deadline for dispositive motions was
extended until September 1, 2015. That same day, Plaintiff filed a Motion to Compel, seeking an
order directing Defendant to produce certain documents, responses to a request for admission,
and a privilege log. [#29]. By the time of the hearing on August 4, 2015, the Parties had reached
a stipulation as to the discovery and the Motion to Compel was denied as moot. [#38]. The
deadline for joinder of parties and/or amendment of pleadings was not extended at any time.
On July 17, 2015, Defendant filed its Motion to Amend Answer, seeking to add an
affirmative defense and counterclaims of fraud/misrepresentation/concealment; breach of
contract/breach of the implied duty of good faith and fair dealing; and conspiracy. [#34; #34-
131]. Defendant also sought to assert third-party claims against Scott Benglen, the public
appraiser; his company, Claim Solutions LLC; Susan Cwik, the property manager for Dakota
Station; and her company, Gunbarrel West Real Estate Company (collectively, “proposed ThirdParty Defendants”).
[#34 at 6, #34-13 at 1, 9-12].
The crux of Defendant’s proposed
counterclaims and third-party complaint is that Plaintiff conspired with the proposed Third-Party
Defendants to misrepresent that the hail damage claimed by Plaintiff occurred on or about March
15, 2012, the date of loss identified by Plaintiff to obtain insurance proceeds to replace the roofs,
[#39-1], when in actuality, the losses occurred before or after Auto-Owners’ coverage period.
[#34-13 at 5, 6-7]. In support of its Motion to Amend, Auto-Owners attaches several exhibits,
including the Property Loss Notice submitted by Plaintiff on May 24, 2012; roofing condition
reports issued prior to March 15, 2012, the reported date of loss; correspondence between Mr.
Benglen, Ms. Cwik, and Ms. Haber occurring in August 2013; an excerpt of Mr. Benglen’s
deposition that occurred on May 14, 2015; correspondence between Mr. Benglen and AutoOwners from October 2013 including a second date of loss of June 6, 2012; correspondence
between Mr. Benglen and Ms. Cwik from August 2013; excerpts from Rule 30(b)(6) depositions
of Lallier Construction, Inc. (Plaintiff’s construction company) and Plaintiff taken on June 18
and 19, 2015, respectively; an Amended Agreement for repairs; and correspondence between the
Parties from April 2015. [#34-1 - #34-12]. Defendant contends that it could not have sought to
amend to its Answer prior to July 17 because the information upon which it bases its proposed
amendments was not fully available to it until the Rule 30(b)(6) deposition of Plaintiff on June
19, 2015. [#34 at 6].
The court notes that it does not appear that Defendant submitted a proposed Amended Answer
in redline format that complies with D.C.COLO.LCivR 15.1(b). As a result, the court’s
description of the proposed amendments is based on the Parties’ descriptions and the court’s
informal comparison of the proposed Amended Answer with the original Answer.
Plaintiff filed its response on August 7, 2015, arguing that the proposed amendment was
untimely and futile. [#39 at 5-6]. In contending that the proposed Amended Answer would be
futile, Plaintiff asserts that “the undisputed facts” are fatal to Auto-Owners, because Defendant
lacks the facts to satisfy each element of a claim for fraud. [Id. at 7-8]. Plaintiff further argues
that Defendant lacks good cause to amend the Scheduling Order under Rule 16(b) because AutoOwners knew of the underlying factual basis for its proposed amended claims from the outset of
the case, and it lacked diligence in evaluating its claims or seeking amendment prior to the
Scheduling Order’s deadline. [Id. at 9-10]. In support of its Response, Plaintiff attaches several
exhibits, including loss reports reflecting conversations between Defendant’s claim handling
service, Ascent Claim Services, Inc. (“Ascent”) and Mr. Benglen and Ms. Haber, who is
described as “work[ing] with him.” [#39-4 at 1]. The exhibits also include correspondence from
October 2013 between Mr. Benglen and Mr. Burns, Defendant’s appraiser, that specifically notes
that the attached amended appraisal demand includes “the hail claim from earlier this summer.”
[#39-7]. In addition, Plaintiff appends correspondence from Mr. Burns to Ms. Haber as of
January 17, 2014 that notes that “a significant hail storm had passed through this area on August
22, 2013 with 1 ¾’ hail reported 0.89 miles north-northwest of the property. This storm occurred
after my assignment and Ms. Haber’s assignment to the claim, but prior to our first inspection on
September 20, 2013, and after previous inspections for wind only claims.” [#39-8 at 5].
In Reply, Defendant contends that it is not moving for summary judgment, but rather that
it only seeks to amend and the proposed Amended Answer clearly states a claim that is plausible
on its face. [#40 at 3]. Defendant further argues that it could not have asserted these defenses
and claims earlier because Plaintiff wrongfully withheld the information upon which they are
based, and Defendant did not receive Plaintiff’s discovery responses until June 3, 2015 and could
not “contextualize” the documents until the Rule 30(b)(6) deposition of Plaintiff. [Id. at 5].
Defendant further attaches correspondence from May 2012, which is described as additional
evidence obtained since the filing of the Motion to Amend Answer, to support its contention that
Plaintiff’s allegedly fraudulent conduct. [#40-1].
Although neither Party addresses it in this manner, it appears there are two separate
(albeit intertwined) issues before this court: (1) whether to permit Defendant to amend its
fraud/misrepresentation/concealment and conspiracy against the existing Plaintiff, and (2)
whether to permit Defendant to assert a third-party complaint against new parties, i.e., Scott
Benglen; his company Claim Solutions, LLC; Susan Cwik; and her company, Gunbarrel Real
Estate Company. The court will address each issue in turn.
Amendment of Auto-Owners’ Answer
Under Tenth Circuit law, courts employ a two-step analysis in determining whether to
allow a party to amend the pleadings after the deadline established by the Scheduling Order has
passed. First, the court considers whether the moving party demonstrates good cause pursuant to
Rule 16(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. See Gorsuch, Ltd., B.C. v. Wells Fargo Nat’l
Bank Assoc., 771 F.3d 1230, 1242 (10th Cir. 2014); SIL-FLO, Inc. v. SFHC, Inc., 917 F.2d 1507,
1518 (10th Cir. 1990). Next, the court weighs whether the amendment should be allowed
pursuant to Rule 15(a). Gorsuch, 771 F.3d at 1242.
Rule 16(b) provides that a scheduling order “may be modified only for good cause and
with the judge's consent.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(b)(4). “In practice, this standard requires the
movant to show the ‘scheduling deadlines cannot be met despite [the movant's] diligent efforts.’”
Gorsuch, 771 F.3d at 1240 (citing Pumpco, Inc. v. Schenker Int'l, Inc., 204 F.R.D. 667, 668 (D.
Colo. 2001)). This burden is satisfied, for example, when a party learns of new information in a
deposition or that the governing law has changed. Id. “Rule 16(b) does not focus on the bad
faith of the movant, or the prejudice to the opposing party. Rather, it focuses on the diligence of
the party seeking leave to modify the scheduling order to permit the proposed amendment.”
Colo. Visionary Acad. v. Medtronic, Inc., 194 F.R.D. 684, 687 (D. Colo. 2000).
Rule 15(a) provides that leave to amend “shall be freely given when justice so requires.”
Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a). Courts have described the standard under Rule 15(a) as “more lenient”
than that under Rule 16(b). Pumpco, 204 F.R.D. at 668. Refusing leave to amend it generally
only justified upon a showing of undue delay, undue prejudice to the opposing party, bad faith or
dilatory motive, failure to cure deficiencies by amendments previously allowed, or futility of
amendment. Id.; Frank v. U.S. West, Inc., 3 F.3d 1357, 1365 (10th Cir.1993). Whether to allow
amendment is within the trial court’s discretion. Burks v. Oklahoma Publ'g Co., 81 F.3d 975,
978–79 (10th Cir. 1996).
Leave to File Third-Party Complaint
Rule 14 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure governs third-party practice. Fed. R.
Civ. P. 14. If a defendant does not serve a third-party complaint within fourteen days serving its
original Answer, it must secure leave of court to do so.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 14(a)(1).
determination of whether to permit leave to assert a third-party complaint lies within the sound
discretion of the court. See First Nat’l Bank of Nocona v. Duncan Sav. & Loan Ass’n, 957 F.2d
775, 777 (10th Cir. 1992).
In exercising such discretion, the court bears in mind that the general purpose of Rule 14
is to resolve related matters in a single litigation to obtain efficient and consistent results, if
appropriate. See Henn v. Fid. Nat. Title Ins. Co., Civil Action No. 12-cv-03077-RM-KLM, 2013
WL 2237491, *2 (D. Colo. May 21, 2013). However, to be proper, a third-party complaint must
depend, at least in part, on the resolution of the primary lawsuit. Fed. R. Civ. P. 14(a)(1). See
also Maxfour Eng’rs & Architects, LLC v. ARB, Inc., 233 F.R.D. 602, 605 (D. Colo. 2006). Put
another way, “a third-party complaint under Rule 14(a) may be asserted only ‘when the thirdparty’s liability is in some way dependent on the outcome of the main claim or when the thirdparty is secondarily liable to the defendant.’” Country Mut. Ins. Co. v. Rocky Mountain Const.
Co., LLC, Civil Action No. 12-cv-00453-REB-KMT, 2013 WL 438940, at *1 (D. Colo. Feb. 5,
2013) (quoting Saine v. A.I.A., Inc., 582 F. Supp. 1299, 1309 (D. Colo. 1984)). While it is not
intended to be a catch-all for independent litigation, see U.S. Fidelity & Guaranty Co. v. Perkins,
388 F.2d 771, 773 (10th Cir.1968), it is should be construed liberally. See United States v.
Acord, 209 F.2d 709, 712 (10th Cir. 1954).
Good Cause Under Rule 16(b)
The court first considers whether Auto-Owners has satisfied the first prong of the two-
step analysis to allow amendment of its Answer after the deadline set for under Rule 16(b) of the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Auto-Owners argues that in support of its proposed
amendments, it relies on documents not from its own files, but upon correspondence between
Plaintiff and third parties that were produced for the first time on June 3, 2015 [#40 at 5], and
that it could not confirm its theories of conspiracy and fraud until Plaintiff’s Rule 30(b)(6)
deposition on June 19, 2015. [#34 at 8]. After careful review of the record before it, the court
finds that the balance tips in favor of Auto-Owners.
On one hand, it appears that even before the initiation of this lawsuit, Auto-Owners was
on notice of some facts that give rise to its proposed counterclaims. As early as June 19, 2013,
Defendant was on notice that there might be a conflict in the relationship between Mr. Benglen
and Ms. Haber. The Loss Report created by Ascent notes that Ms. Haber “work[ed] with Mr.
Benglen,” [#39-4 at 1], and that “she [stated that she] was not a public adjuster when asked.”
[#39-4 at 1]. In addition, as early as October 7, 2013, Auto-Owners was on notice that Mr.
Benglen included hail damage from “earlier in the summer,” i.e., the storm from August 22,
2013, in his amended appraisal report. [#39-7]. Indeed, Defendant’s own appraiser, Mr. Burns,
noted that “a significant hail storm had passed through this area on August 22, 2013,” and noted
that the roofs had a combination of “new and oil hail, and/or wind damage” in his own report
dated January 17, 2014. [#39-8 at 5].
The purpose of a deadline to amend pleadings and join parties contained in a Scheduling
Order is to force the parties to prioritize their discovery and attempt to obtain information
necessary for any amendments, sooner rather than later, so that discovery may proceed in an
orderly fashion. See Valles v. Gen-X Echo B, Inc., Civil Action No. 13-cv-00201-RM-KLM,
2013 WL 5832782, *3 (D. Colo. Sept. 27, 2013), report and recommendation adopted sub nom.
Valles v. Gen-X Echo B, Inc., Civil Action No. 13-cv-00201-RM-KLM, 2013 WL 5832745 (D.
Colo. Oct. 30, 2013) (citations omitted). Nevertheless, there is no evidence that Auto-Owners
knew, prior to February 27, 2015, of the substance of the communications between Plaintiff, Ms.
Cwik, Mr. Benglen, and Ms. Haber upon which it now relies to support its defense and claims
for fraud and conspiracy. There is also no evidence that Defendant could have ascertained this
information without discovery in this matter. Under Rule 9(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, “[i]n alleging fraud or mistake, a party must state with particularity the circumstances
constituting fraud or mistake.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 9(b). It is unclear that Auto-Owners could have
sustained an affirmative defense or counterclaim based on fraud with the information it had prior
to February 27. In addition, while Auto-Owners could have scheduled discovery differently,
there is nothing before the court to suggest that Auto-Owners improperly delayed in seeking this
information or in filing the instant Motion to Amend. Accordingly, I find that Defendant has
established good cause for amending the deadline for the amendment of pleadings and/or joinder
of parties. See Pumpco, 204 F.R.D. at 668 (finding that either information learned through
discovery or a change in the law, if occurring after the deadline to amend contained in the
Scheduling Order, constitutes good cause to justify an extension of that deadline).
Amendment Under Rule 15(a)
Rule 15(a)(2) provides that leave to amend “should be freely give[n] when justice so
requires.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2). Refusing amendment is generally only justified upon a
showing of undue delay, undue prejudice to the opposing party, bad faith or dilatory motive,
failure to cure deficiencies by amendments previously allowed, or futility of amendment. Frank
v. U.S. West, Inc., 3 F.3d 1357, 1365 (10th Cir. 1993). Plaintiff contends that this court should
deny the Motion to Amend on the basis of timeliness, prejudice to Plaintiff, and futility. [#39].
Having addressed the issue of timeliness above, the court will not pass on it again, but rather
turns to considering asserted prejudice and futility.
Potential Prejudice to Plaintiff
Plaintiff bases its arguments of potential prejudice by arguing that “[t]he amendment
would also require significant additional, unexpected, and expansive discovery” and would delay
trial. [#39 at 10-11]. Plaintiff anticipates that Defendant will seek to depose and serve written
discovery on each of the new parties, and re-depose existing parties. [Id. at 11]. Defendant
contends that only “minimal additional discovery is needed, [and] accommodations may be
properly made for the new parties so as to not disrupt the progress of this case.” [#40 at 8-9].
The court will take Defendant’s representation that minimal additional discovery is
needed at face value. Moreover, this court independently concludes that it could restrict any
additional discovery, with the recognition that Defendant could have ordered discovery
differently to obtain this information earlier in discovery given the fact that it possessed some
indication of some of the facts upon which it bases its amendments even before this action was
filed. The court would also limit any attempt by the Plaintiff to unnecessarily expand discovery,
because most facts relevant to the new allegations should be within the control of Plaintiff, given
its alleged role in the purported fraud and conspiracy. In addition, a trial date has not yet been
set in this case. Therefore, the court concludes any prejudice to Plaintiff due to its concerns
regarding expansive additional discovery and associated costs can be addressed by the court
through the limits of any further discovery and cost-shifting, if appropriate.
Futility of Amendment
Plaintiff also contends that the court should not permit amendment because it would be
futile. [#39 at 7-8]. Dakota Station argues that there are no facts to support Auto-Owners’
allegations of concealment, because Auto-Owners had access to the roofs and Dakota Station
never concealed or misrepresented the condition of the roofs. [Id.]. Dakota Station further
contends that Auto-Owners never relied upon Dakota Station’s representations because it only
relied upon its own appraiser, Mr. Burns. [Id. at 8]. Auto-Owners disputes these positions,
pointing to Plaintiff’s initial claim of loss and communications between Mr. Burns and Mr.
Benglen to rebut Plaintiff’s arguments. [#40 at 7].
This court finds that Plaintiff’s attempt to recast the court’s futility analysis under Rule
15(a)(2) into a summary judgment argument is both premature and inefficient. To the extent that
Plaintiff believes that the proposed amendments are subject to summary judgment, such analysis
is better presented through a motion for summary judgment that complies with the Civil Practice
Standards for the presiding judge, the Honorable Raymond Moore.2 White River Vill., LLP v.
Fid. & Deposit Co. of Maryland, Civil Action No. 08-cv-00248-REB-MEH, 2013 WL 6168853,
at *4 (D. Colo. Nov. 25, 2013). Indeed, as the court noted in White River, a denial of a motion to
amend is a dispositive issue that may be only recommended by this court, and proceeding under
a future Rule 56 motion may, at least, avoid one round of objections under Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(a) or
72(b). Id. Given the fact that the Parties have not filed dispositive motions in this case, a future
dispositive motion will not run afoul of Judge Moore’s Practice Standard limiting a single
motion for summary judgment by a side.
See Moore Civ. Practice Standard IV.M.3.
Accordingly, with a mind to the interests of judicial economy, this court exercises its discretion
in declining to engage in a detailed futility analysis in the context of this instant motion. Cf.
Fuller v. REGS, LLC, No. 10–cv–01209–WJM–CBS, 2011 WL 1235688, at *3 (D. Colo. March
31, 2011) (the court was “guided by pragmatism and efficiency” in exercising its discretion to
grant motion to amend rather than apply futility analysis).
The court now turns to whether Defendant may properly assert a third-party complaint
against new parties under Rule 14. Neither Party addressed the Rule 14 standard, implicitly
assuming that if amendment of the Answer to permit the third-party complaint would necessarily
See Moore Civ. Practice Standards, IV.B., IV.M.
rise and fall with the amendment of the affirmative defense and counterclaims against Plaintiff.
In this case, the court agrees.
Third-party practice under Rule 14(a) does not require identity between the primary and
third-party claims. Maxfour, 233 F.R.D. at 605. In this case, Defendant contends that it cannot
be liable for breach of contract because of the fraud perpetuated by a conspiracy involving
Plaintiff and the proposed Third-Party Defendants. [#34 at 5-6]. The proposed third-party
complaint is based on a common core of facts shared with the affirmative defense and
counterclaims. Therefore, this court concludes, without passing on the substantive issue as to
whether Defendant can ultimately prevail on its allegations of fraud or conspiracy against either
Plaintiff or the proposed Third-Party Defendants, that it is in the interest of avoiding the
multiplicity of actions and potentially inconsistent results, to permit Defendant to proceed with
its third-party complaint in this action.
For the reasons set forth herein, IT IS ORDERED that:
Defendant’s Motion for Leave to Amend Answer to Assert Defense of Insurance
Fraud, Affirmative Claims Arising Out of Insurance Fraud, and to Add Co-Conspirators Scott
Benglen, Claim Solutions LLC, Susan Cwik and Gunbarrel Real Estate Company as Third-Party
Defendants Regarding Insurance Fraud Claims [#34] is GRANTED;
The Clerk of the Court is DIRECTED to accept the Amended Answer,
Counterclaims, and Third-Party Complaint tendered as [#34-13] for filing;
Defendant must SERVE a Summons on a Third Party Complaint and a copy of
the Third-Party Complaint on Scott Benglen; Claims Solutions LLC, Susan Cwik, and Gunbarrel
Real Estate Company within fourteen (14) days of the entry of this Order;
Defendant will SERVE a copy of this Order on Third Party Defendants with the
Summons and Third-Party Complaint;
All Parties, including the Third-Party Defendants, will appear for a further
Scheduling Conference on December 17, 2015 at 10:00 a.m. before the undersigned Magistrate
Judge, in Courtroom C-204 of the Byron G. Rogers United States Courthouse, 1929 Stout Street,
Denver, Colorado 802943;
No later than December 10, 2015, the Parties will submit a joint supplemental
Scheduling Order detailing the discovery that has already been taken in this matter; any
anticipated discovery requested by the Parties with specifics regarding why such discovery is
necessary in light of the discovery already taken in this matter; the proposed scheduling of such
discovery (including dates for any further depositions); and identifying any disputes related to
discovery between the Parties, using the following deadlines contemplated by the court:
Discovery deadline: February 19, 2016
Dispositive motions deadline: March 18, 2016
Final Pretrial Conference: May 20, 2016 at 9:00 a.m.
In light of these contemplated deadlines, to the extent that the Parties are amenable to
proceeding with discovery prior to December 17, 2015, the Parties are directed to contact the
chambers of the undersigned Magistrate Judge for an earlier further Scheduling Conference.
DATED October 30, 2015
BY THE COURT:
s/ Nina Y. Wang
Nina Y. Wang
United States Magistrate Judge
The Parties are further advised that anyone seeking admission to the Byron G. Rogers United
States Courthouse must present valid identification. D.C.COLO.LCivR 83.2.
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