Levaquin Products Liability Litigation et al v. Johnson & Johnson et al
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT 46 , by Judge William J. Martinez on 3/9/2016.(dhans, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Judge William J. Martínez
Civil Action No. 14-cv-3279-WJM-NYW
CHRISTINE S. BROWN,
JOHNSON & JOHNSON,
ORTHO-MCNEIL PHARMACEUTICAL, INC.,
JOHNSON & JOHNSON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, LLC,
ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT
Plaintiff Christine Brown (“Brown”), appearing pro se, brings this lawsuit against
Defendants, alleging that they are liable for the injuries she claims to have suffered
from the prescription drug Levaquin. (ECF No. 40.) Before the Court is all Defendants’
Motion for Summary Judgment, filed January 15, 2016. (ECF No. 46.) Under
D.C.COLO.LCivR 56.1(a) and Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 6(d), Brown’s response
was due on February 8, 2016. Brown filed nothing on that date and has not since filed
anything. Defendants’ counsel represents that she e-mailed Brown in this regard on
February 17, 2016, but received no response. (See ECF No. 47-1.) And, earlier today,
Defendants filed a proposed pretrial order in which they stated that Brown did not
respond to their attempts to contact her regarding that filing. (See ECF No. 48 at 1.)
It appears, therefore, that the Court may deem Defendants’ Motion unopposed.
Nonetheless, this Court may not grant an unopposed motion for summary judgment
unless the moving party has first met its burden of production and demonstrates it is
legally entitled to judgment under Rule 56. See Reed v. Bennett, 312 F.3d 1190,
1194–95 (10th Cir. 2002). Accordingly, the Court will proceed to evaluate whether
Defendants have met the Rule 56 standard for summary judgment in their favor.
Defendants’ primary argument is that Brown cannot prove the element of
“specific causation.” (ECF No. 46 at 10–14.) The specific causation inquiry asks
“whether a substance caused a particular individual’s injury” (as opposed to general
causation, which inquires “whether a substance is capable of causing a particular injury
or condition in the general population”). In re Breast Implant Litig., 11 F. Supp. 2d
1217, 1224 (D. Colo. 1998).
Defendants claim that Brown cannot prove specific causation because medical
causation requires expert testimony and Brown has disclosed no relevant testimony on
specific causation. Her only expert disclosure—which she proffered without excuse one
month after her deadline to do so—only lists experts that others listed in the MDL
proceeding from which Brown’s case was eventually severed. (See ECF No. 46-7.) At
most, these experts could testify about general causation. None of them has examined
Brown or her medical records, and therefore none could testify about specific
Summary judgment is appropriate if the movant can demonstrate that the
respondent lacks sufficient evidence on an essential element of the respondent’s claim.
See Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322–23 (1986). The Court agrees with
Defendants that Brown lacks sufficient evidence on the essential element of specific
causation. Although not all medical causation questions require expert testimony,
courts allow lay testimony on this question only “in cases where causation is fairly
obvious.” Llewellyn v. Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC, 2015 WL 2127892, at *3 (D. Colo.
May 5, 2015). This is not one of those cases. Brown claims tendon injuries that appear
to have developed gradually over many years. (See ECF No. 46 at 4–7.) Moreover,
these injuries were allegedly caused by chemicals working within her body. A lay jury
does not have the competence to conclude, based on everyday experience, that
Levaquin in fact caused Brown’s injuries. Thus, Brown’s lack of specific causation
expert testimony leaves her unable to prove an essential element of her case, and
summary judgment is appropriate on Brown’s product liability causes of action, i.e.,
Claims 1–4 of her Amended Complaint (ECF No. 40).
Brown’s Claims 5–7 assert fraud, unfair and deceptive trade practices, and
unjust enrichment, but all rely on the assumption that Levaquin caused Brown’s injuries.
In consequence, summary judgment is likewise appropriate on these claims. Summary
judgment is therefore granted in favor of Defendants on all claims. In light of this
disposition, the Court need not and does not reach Def endants’ additional arguments
for summary judgment. (See ECF No. 46 at 14–19.)
Accordingly, the Court ORDERS as follows:
Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment (ECF No. 46) is GRANTED;
Brown’s Amended Complaint (ECF No. 40) is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE;
The Clerk shall enter judgment in favor of Defendants and against Brown in
accordance with this order, and shall terminate this case. The parties shall bear
their own attorneys’ fees and costs.
Dated this 9th day of March, 2016.
BY THE COURT:
William J. Martínez
United States District Judge
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