Custard v. Oliver
ORDER TO SUPPLEMENT PRELIMINARY RESPONSE by Magistrate Judge Gordon P. Gallagher on 11/9/15. (dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 15-cv-01198-GPG
BOB ALLEN CUSTARD,
JOHN OLIVER, Warden, ADX Florence Colorado Supermax,
ORDER TO SUPPLEMENT PRELIMINARY RESPONSE
Applicant, Bob Allen Custard, is a prisoner in the custody of the Federal Bureau
of Prisons (BOP) and is incarcerated at the ADX facility in Florence, Colorado. Mr.
Custard has filed pro se an Application for Writ of Habeas Corpus Pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
' 2241 (ECF No. 1).
On August 4, 2015, Magistrate Judge Gordon P. Gallagher entered an order (ECF
No. 9) directing the Respondent to file a preliminary response to the Application asserting
the affirmative defense of exhaustion of administrative remedies if the government
intended to raise the defense. Respondent filed a preliminary response on September
18, 2015 (ECF No. 15) asserting the exhaustion defense. Mr. Custard filed a Reply on
November 3, 2015. (ECF No. 19).
The record reflects that on January 14, 2014, Mr. Custard received Incident Report
No. 2528127 for Athreatening another with bodily harm@ (Code 203) (ECF No. 1 at 9). A
hearing before a Disciplinary Hearing Officer (DHO) was held on March 20, 2014. (Id. at
10). The DHO concluded that Applicant was guilty of Conduct Which Disrupts (Code
299). (Id. at 111). Mr. Custard was sanctioned with, inter alia, the disallowance of 27
days of good conduct time. (Id. at 12). The DHO report was delivered to Mr. Custard on
April 28, 2014. (Id).
Applicant claims in the ' 2241 Application that he was denied due process in
connection with the disciplinary conviction. (ECF No. 1 at 3).
In the Preliminary Response, Respondent argues that Mr. Custard failed to
exhaust available administrative remedies prior to seeking federal habeas relief because
he did not appeal the DHO=s decision. (ECF No. 15). Respondent states that
before the DHO hearing, Applicant filed a Request for Informal Resolution, a Request for
Administrative Remedy, an Appeal to the North Central Regional Office, and an Appeal to
the Central Office. (See ECF No. 15-1, Declaration of Cassandra L. Grow at && 14-16;
see also ECF No. 15-3 at 71-73; No. 15-4 at 6), all of which were rejected as premature.
(Id.; see also ECF No. 15-4 at 2-4). Mr. Custard was advised at least twice that he could
re-submit his filing to the BOP=s North Central Regional Office after the DHO hearing.
(ECF No. 15-1, Grow Decl. at &&14-15; No. 15-4, at 2-4). Respondent states that the
BOP has no record of any grievance filed by Mr. Custard after the DHO hearing on
Incident Report No. 2528127. (ECF No. 15-1, Grow Decl. at & 17).
Applicant contends in his Reply that prison officials hindered his efforts to comply
with the administrative remedy process.
(ECF No. 19 at 5). He argues that he filed a
Regional Administrative Remedy Appeal (775169-R1) after the DHO Hearing. Mr.
Custard provides a copy of the Appeal, which shows a submission date of A4/04/14,@ after
the March 20, 2014 DHO hearing. (See ECF No. 19 at 8). The North Central Regional
Office rejected the appeal on April 11, 2014 on the ground that Applicant did not provide a
copy of the DHO Report or identify the charges and date of the DHO action. (Id. at 9).
The rejection notice further stated that Applicant could resubmit his appeal in the proper
form within 10 days of the date of the rejection notice. (Id.). Mr. Custard alleges in the
Reply that staff did not deliver the rejection notice to him until 13 days later, after the
10-day deadline had passed. (Id.).
Although 775169-R1 does not specifically refer to Incident Report No. 2528127, it
appears that, contrary to Respondent=s assertions in the Preliminary Response, Applicant
did file an administrative appeal of the March 20, 2014 DHO decision. Furthermore, Mr.
Custard=s allegations suggest that prison officials may have hindered his efforts to
exhaust his administrative remedies.
Exhaustion of available administrative remedies is a prerequisite to federal habeas
corpus relief pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ' 2241. See Garza v. Davis, 596 F.3d 1198, 1203
(10th Cir. 2010). However, the exhaustion requirement may be excused A[w]here prison
officials prevent, thwart, or hinder a prisoner's efforts to avail himself of an administrative
remedy.@ Little v. Jones, 607 F.3d 1245, 1250 (10th Cir. 2010).
In addition, it is not clear whether Applicant could have resubmitted his appeal
once he received a copy of the DHO report on April 28, 2015. Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Respondent shall file, within 21 days of the date of this Order, a
Supplement to Preliminary Response, addressing the issues discussed above.
Dated November 9, 2015, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
Gordon P. Gallagher
United States Magistrate Judge
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