Turner v. Archuleta et al
ORDER denying 3 Motion for Order to Hold in Abeyance, 6 Motion for Stay and Obeyance [sic], and 11 Motion to Hold and Abeyance by Magistrate Judge Gordon P. Gallagher on 9/14/15.(dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 15-cv-01580-GPG
DERRICK E. TURNER,
LOU ARCHULETA, Warden
THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE STATE OF COLORADO
ORDER DENYING MOTIONS TO STAY
Applicant, Derrick E. Turner, is a prisoner in the custody of the Colorado
Department of Corrections, currently incarcerated in Canon City, Colorado. On July 24,
2015, Applicant initiated this action by filing an Application for Writ of Habeas Corpus
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. (ECF No. 1). He has also subm itted a “Motion for Order
to Hold in Abeyance” (ECF No. 3), a “Motion for Stay and Obeyance [sic]” (ECF No. 6),
and a “Motion to Hold and Abeyance” (collectively “Motions to Stay”) (ECF No. 11). The
Court has reviewed all of the Motions to Stay, which request that the Court hold the
habeas application in abeyance because Mr. Turner’s Crim. P. 35(c) motion is pending
in the Colorado Court of Appeals and he does not want to miss the one year deadline to
file a federal habeas application. (Id.) Mr. Turner states that there are issues pending
on appeal that he intends to add to his habeas application once the issues are
exhausted. (ECF No. 3).
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1), an application f or a writ of habeas corpus
may not be granted unless it appears that the applicant has exhausted state remedies
or that no adequate state remedies are available or effective to protect the applicant's
rights. See O'Sullivan v. Boerckel, 526 U.S. 838, 119 S. Ct. 1728, 144 L. Ed. 2d 1
(1999); Dever v. Kan. State Penitentiary, 36 F.3d 1531, 1534 (10th Cir. 1994). In this
case, Mr. Turner alleges that all of the claims in his current habeas application are
exhausted (ECF No. 10 at 5), but he desires a stay because there are unexhausted
issues he wants to add to the application after they are exhausted (ECF No. 3).
Ordinarily, all § 2254 habeas claims must be presented in the initial § 2254 habeas
corpus application. See § 2244(b) (outlining the limited circumstances when a second
or successive habeas application would be allowed).
Whether to grant a stay and abeyance when an applicant has failed to exhaust
state remedies for a particular claim is a matter of district court discretion. See Rhines
v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269, 125 S. Ct. 1528, 161 L. Ed. 2d 440 (2005). How ever, "stay and
abeyance should be available only in limited circumstances." Id. at 277.
A motion for a stay may be granted only if: (1) the applicant has good cause for
his failure to exhaust his claims first in state court, (2) the unexhausted claims
potentially are meritorious, and (3) there is no indication that the applicant has eng aged
in intentionally dilatory litigation tactics. Id. at 277-78. In this case, Applicant failed to
demonstrate good cause for his failure to exhaust state remedies prior to filing this
action. Further, he failed to identify the unexhausted claims and he did not provide any
factual allegations regarding the unexhausted claims. Therefore, it is impossible to
determine whether the unexhausted claims are potentially meritorious. For these
reasons, the Motions to Stay will be denied.
Accordingly, because his Motions to Stay will be denied, Mr. Turner now has a
choice: he can elect to voluntarily dismiss this action and wait for the state court to
exhaust his additional claims before seeking relief in federal court -- or -- he can
proceed with the current action but will likely be barred from seeking future review of the
currently unexhausted clams. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b). If Applicant elects to voluntarily
dismiss this action, he is warned that the one-year limitation period in § 2244(d) will be
applied to any new federal court action he seeks to file. Further, the time during which
a 28 U.S.C. § 2254 application is pending in this Court does not toll the limitation
period. Duncan v. Walker, 533 U.S. 167, 181-82, 121 S. Ct. 2120, 150 L . Ed. 2d 251
(2001) (holding that "an application for federal habeas corpus review is not an
'application for State post-conviction or other collateral review' within the meaning of 28
U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2)" and "therefore did not toll the limitation period during the pendency
of [an applicant's] first federal habeas petition"). Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Plaintiff’s “Motion for Order to Hold in Abeyance” (ECF No. 3),
“Motion for Stay and Obeyance [sic]” (ECF No. 6), and “Motion to Hold and Abeyance”
(ECF No. 11) are DENIED. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that if Plaintiff wishes to voluntarily dismiss this action, he
notify the court within twenty-one (21) days of the date of this Order. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that if Plaintiff does not notify the Court within twenty-one
days of the date of this Order that he wishes to voluntarily dismiss this action, the Court
will proceed to order the Respondents to file a Pre-Answer Response.
DATED September 14, 2015, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
S/ Gordon P. Gallagher
United States Magistrate Judge
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