Adams v. United States
ORDER DIRECTING PLAINTIFF TO FILE AMENDED PRISONER COMPLAINT by Magistrate Judge Gordon P. Gallagher on 12/3/15. (dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 15-cv-02629-GPG
ORDER DIRECTING PLAINTIFF TO
FILE AMENDED PRISONER COMPLAINT
Plaintiff is a prisoner in the custody of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, currently
incarcerated at Florence ADMAX facility in Florence, Colorado. On December 2, 2015,
Plaintiff filed pro se a Prisoner’s Complaint (ECF No. 1) and a Motion and Affidavit for
Leave to Proceed under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 (ECF No. 2). For the reasons discussed
below, Plaintiff will be ordered to file an amended Prisoner Complaint if he wishes to
pursue his claims in this action.
Plaintiff is subject to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) filing restrictions. See Adams v. United
States, 12-cv-01076-BNB, ECF No. 4 (discussing filing restrictions and previous cases).
In his § 1915 Motion and in his Complaint, Plaintiff asserts that he is in imminent danger
of serious physical injury. If he wishes to proceed in forma pauperis for this action, he is
reminded that his allegations must provide “specific facts of ongoing serious physical
injury, or a pattern of misconduct evidencing the likelihood of imminent serious physical
injury.” Martin v. Shelton, 319 F.3d 1048, 1050 (8th Cir. 2003) (emphasis added).
One of Plaintiff’s previous cases in this Court, Adams v. United States, 12-cv01076-BNB, asserted claims similar to those in this action: prison officials tampering
with his food. In that case, the Court instructed Plaintiff that his constitutional claims
should be brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331 and Bivens v. Six Unknown Named
Agents of Fed. Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971), not the FTCA. See id., 12-cv01076-BNB, at ECF No. 8. "[T]he FTCA does not itself create a substantive cause of
action against the United States; rather, it provides a mechanism for bringing a state law
tort action against the federal government in federal court." Lomando v. United States,
667 F.3d 363, 372 (3d Cir. 2011)(citation omitted). Under the FTCA, the Government is
liable only to the extent that, in the same circumstances, the applicable local law would
hold a private person responsible. See 28 U.S.C. § 1346(b)(1) & § 2674. In this case,
although Plaintiff asserts the FTCA as the basis for this court’s jurisdiction, his claims
against the government are based on violations of his constitutional rights instead of
state tort law. Plaintiff’s claims of constitutional violations are not properly brought in a
FTCA action. Constitutional claims are not claims based on state substantive law under
which a private person would be responsible. Therefore, similar to his previous case,
Plaintiff should assert his claims pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1331 and Bivens.
In a Bivens actions, claims may only be brought against federal employees in
their individual capacities, not against the United States or its employees sued in their
official capacities. Correctional Services Corp. v. Malesko, 534 U.S. 61, 72, 122 S. Ct.
515, 151 L. Ed. 2d 456 (2001) ("If a federal prisoner in a BOP facility alleges a
constitutional deprivation, he may bring a Bivens claim against the offending individual
officer, subject to the defense of qualified immunity. . . The prisoner may not bring a
Bivens claim against the officer's employer, the United States, or the BOP."); Simmat v.
U.S. Bureau of Prisons 413 F.3d 1225, 1231 (10th Cir. 2005) ("a Bivens claim lies
against the federal official in his individual capacity — not . . . against officials in their
official capacity"). Plaintiff’s Complaint fails to name as defendants the individuals
responsible for the alleged actions. Plaintiff will be directed to amend his Complaint and
name as defendants the individuals responsible for placing him in imminent danger of
serious physical injury. Plaintiff further must assert personal participation by each
named defendant. See Bennett v. Passic, 545 F.2d 1260, 1262-63 (10th Cir. 1976). To
establish personal participation, Plaintiff must name and show how named defendants
caused a deprivation of his federal rights. See Kentucky v. Graham, 473 U.S. 159, 166
(1985). There must be an affirmative link between the alleged constitutional violation
and each defendant’s participation, control or direction, or failure to supervise. See
Butler v. City of Norman, 992 F.2d 1053, 1055 (10th Cir. 1993). A defendant may not
be held liable on a theory of respondeat superior merely because of his or her
supervisory position. See Pembaur v. City of Cincinnati, 475 U.S. 469, 479 (1986);
McKee v. Heggy, 703 F.2d 479, 483 (10th Cir. 1983).
To state a claim in federal court, Plaintiff must explain in the amended Prisoner
Complaint what each defendant did to him, when the defendant did the action, how the
defendant’s action harmed him, and what specific legal right he believes the defendant
violated. Nasious v. Two Unknown B.I.C.E. Agents, 492 F.3d 1158, 1163 (10th Cir.
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that within thirty days from the date of this Order Plaintiff file an
Amended Prisoner Complaint as directed in this Order. Any papers that Plaintiff files in
response to this Order must include the civil action number on this Order. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff shall obtain the Court-approved Prisoner
Complaint form (with the assistance of his case manager or the facility’s legal
assistant), along with the applicable instructions, at www.cod.uscourts.gov for use in
filing an Amended Prisoner Complaint. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that if Plaintiff fails to file an Amended Prisoner Complaint
within the time allowed, Plaintiff’s request to proceed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 will
be subject to denial and the action may be dismissed without further notice.
DATED December 3, 2015, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
Gordon P. Gallagher
United States Magistrate Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?