Reed v. People of the State of Colorado, The et al
ORDER denying 8 "Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Temporary Restraining Order Pursuant to C.R.Civ.P. 65" by Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 4/21/16.(dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 16-cv-00405-GPG
PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF COLORADO,
THERESA REYNOLDS, and
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
The matter before the Court is a “Motion for Preliminary Injunction and
Temporary Restraining Order Pursuant to C.R.Civ.P. 65” (ECF No. 8), filed by Mr. Reed
on February 19, 2016. The motion must be constructed liberally because Plaintiff is not
represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v.
Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). However, the Court should not be an
advocate for a pro se litigant. See Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110.
Mr. Reed is in the custody of the Colorado Department of Corrections (CDOC) at
the Correctional facility in Limon, Colorado. He initiated this action pursuant to 42
U.S.C. ' 1983 and 28 U.S.C. ' 1343, along with three other prisoner Plaintiffs, and
moved for class certification. Following the Court’s February 25, 2016 Order dismissing
the Plaintiffs other than Plaintiff Reed, see ECF No. 9, Mr. Reed filed an Amended
Prisoner Complaint on March 22, 2016 (ECF No. 11). In the Amended Complaint,
Plaintiff challenges, inter alia, the constitutionality of his prison security classification as
belonging to a Security Threat Group (STG), and the loss of privileges he endures
whenever the facility is placed on a lockdown status. (ECF No. 11).
A party seeking a preliminary injunction must show: (1) a substantial likelihood of
prevailing on the merits; (2) he will suffer irreparable injury unless the injunction issues;
(3) the threatened injury outweighs whatever damage the proposed injunction may
cause the opposing party; and (4) the injunction, if issued, would not be adverse to the
public interest. See Lundgrin v. Claytor, 619 F.2d 61, 63 (10th Cir. 1980). “Because a
preliminary injunction is an extraordinary remedy, the right to relief must be clear and
unequivocal.” Greater Yellowstone Coal. v. Flowers, 321 F.3d 1250, 1256 (10th Cir.
2003). Similarly, a temporary restraining order is appropriate only if “specific facts in an
affidavit or a verified complaint clearly show that immediate and irreparable injury, loss,
or damage will result to the movant before the adverse party can be heard in
opposition.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(b)(1)(A).
[T]he primary goal of a preliminary injunction is to preserve the pre-trial status
quo.” RoDa Drilling Co. v. Siegal, 552 F.3d 1203, 1208 (10th Cir. 2009). Therefore,
“courts should be especially cautious when granting an injunction that requires the
nonmoving party to take affirmative action - a mandatory preliminary injunction - before
a trial on the merits occurs.” Id. If the movant is seeking a mandatory preliminary
injunction that seeks to alter the status quo, he must make a heightened showing of the
four factors listed above. See id. at 1209.
“[A] showing of probable irreparable harm is the single most important
prerequisite for the issuance of a preliminary injunction.” Dominion Video Satellite, Inc.
v. Echostar Satellite Corp., 356 F.3d 1256, 1260 (10th Cir. 2004). Thus, Mr. Reed “must
first demonstrate that such injury is likely before the other requirements for the issuance
of an injunction will be considered.” Id.
“To constitute irreparable harm, an injury must be certain, great, actual and not
theoretical.” Heideman v. S. Salt Lake City, 348 F.3d 1182, 1189 (10th Cir. 2003)
(internal quotation marks omitted). The movant “must establish both that harm will
occur, and that, when it does, such harm will be irreparable.” Vega v. Wiley, 259 F.
App’x 104, 106 (10th Cir. 2007). Furthermore, a party seeking preliminary injunctive
relief “must show that the injury complained of is of such imminence that there is a clear
and present need for equitable relief to prevent irreparable harm.” Heideman, 348 F.3d
at 1189. A preliminary injunction is only appropriate “to prevent existing or presently
threatening injuries. One will not be granted against something merely feared as liable
to occur at some indefinite time in the future.” Connecticut v. Massachusetts, 282 U.S.
660, 674 (1931).
Mr. Reed alleges in the motion that some of the Defendants named in the
Amended Complaint have illegally classified him as belonging to an STG in retaliation
for his grievance filings. He claims that the implementation of new lockdown
procedures “has caused further assaults amongst staff and offenders” and has resulted
in the deprivation of his unspecified “basic human needs.” (ECF No. 8 at 2). However,
Mr. Reed fails to demonstrate, clearly and unequivocally, that he is entitled to a
preliminary injunction or temporary restraining order. Most importantly, Mr. Reed does
not allege specific facts to demonstrate he will suffer irreparable injury if no preliminary
injunction or temporary restraining order is issued. Mr. Reed also fails to allege specific
facts in support of his claims that demonstrate a substantial likelihood of prevailing on
the merits in this action. Indeed, on April 19, 2016, Mr. Reed was ordered to file a
Second Amended Complaint to cure the deficient allegations in his Amended
Complaint. (See ECF No. 13). Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that the “Motion for Preliminary Injunction and Temporary Restraining
Order Pursuant to C.R.Civ.P. 65” (ECF No. 8) is DENIED.
DATED April 21, 2016, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
__s/Lewis T. Babcock____________
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
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