Hodson v. No Named Defendant
ORDER FOR SUMMARY REMAND. ORDERED that Case No. 13CR1106 is remanded summarily to the Weld County District Court. ORDERED that the Clerk of this Court is directed to mail a certified copy of this Order to the Clerk of the Weld County District Court, 915 10th Street, P.O. Box 2038 (80632), Greeley, CO 80631, by Judge Lewis T. Babcock on 3/9/2016. (agarc, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 16-cv-00551-GPG
(Removal of Case No. 13CR1106, Weld County, Colorado, District Court)
[NO NAMED PLAINTIFF],
ORDER FOR SUMMARY REMAND
Defendant Travis Hodson has filed pro se a Notice of Removal in which he states
that Case No. 13CR1106, a pending criminal case in Weld County District Court, should
be removed to this Court because (1) the case is only being prosecuted in an effort to
“bedevil” him; and (2) the court is causing unnecessary delay by ordering subsequent
evaluations concerning his competency. ECF No. 1 at 1. Defendant contends that this
case has “factual contentions and evidentiary support which is [sic] grounds for removal
from the jurisdiction.” Id. at 1-2. Defendant further asserts that the state court has
violated his Sixth and Fourteenth Amendments.
The Court must construe the Notice of Removal liberally because Defendant is not
represented by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520-21 (1972); Hall v.
Bellmon, 935 F.2d 1106, 1110 (10th Cir. 1991). However, the Court cannot act as an
advocate for a pro se litigant. See Hall, 935 F.2d at 1110. For the reasons stated
below, this action will be remanded to the Weld County, Colorado, District Court.
First, 28 U.S.C. ' 1455(a) provides that a defendant seeking to remove a criminal
prosecution from a state court must file a notice of removal Acontaining a short and plain
statement of the grounds for removal.@
Defendant fails to provide a short and plain
statement of the grounds for removal of the state criminal case, No. 13CR1106, and he
fails to demonstrate that any criminal prosecution currently is pending against him that
may be removed. Even construing the notice of removal liberally and assuming the
existence of an active criminal prosecution in the removed case, the Court is unable to
ascertain any legitimate basis for removal of the case under the relevant statutes.
Title 28 U.S.C. '' 1442, 1442a, and 1443 all authorize the removal of certain
criminal prosecutions, but Defendant makes no allegations relevant to ' 1442, which
applies to actions against federal officers or agencies, or to ' 1442a, which applies to
members of the armed forces. The Court also finds there is no basis for removal
pursuant to ' 1443, which authorizes removal of certain civil rights cases.
The two requirements for removal under ' 1443(1) are narrow and well-defined.
See Davis v. Glanton, 107 F.3d 1044, 1045 (3d Cir. 1997). AFirst, it must appear that the
right allegedly denied the removal petitioner arises under a federal law >providing for
specific civil rights stated in terms of racial equality.= @ Johnson v. Mississippi, 421 U.S.
213, 219 (1975) (quoting Georgia v. Rachel, 384 U.S. 780, 792 (1966)). AA state court
defendant=s claim that >prosecution and conviction will violate rights under constitutional
or statutory provisions of general applicability or under statutes not protecting against
racial discrimination= is insufficient for removal.@ Colorado v. Lopez, 919 F.2d 131, 132
(10th Cir. 1990) (quoting Johnson, 421 U.S. at 219). Defendant does not allege facts
that demonstrate he has been denied any rights based on his race.
ASecond, it must appear . . . that the removal petitioner is >denied or cannot
enforce= the specified federal rights >in the courts of [the] State.= @ Johnson, 421 U.S. at
219 (quoting 28 U.S.C. ' 1443(1)). The Supreme Court explained this requirement as
Under ' 1443(1), the vindication of the defendant=s federal
rights is left to the state courts except in the rare situations
where it can be clearly predicted by reason of the operation of
a pervasive and explicit state or federal law that those rights
will inevitably be denied by the very act of bringing the
defendant to trial in the state court.
City of Greenwood, Miss., v. Peacock, 384 U.S. 808, 828 (1966). This requirement must
be supported by specific factual allegations. See generally 14A Charles Alan Wright et
al., Federal Practice & Procedure ' 3728 (2d ed. 1985). Defendant does not provide the
Court with specific factual allegations regarding any inability to enforce his constitutional
rights in the state court proceedings. Therefore, removal pursuant to ' 1443(1) is not
Removal pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ' 1443(2) also is not appropriate. Section
1443(2) Aconfers a privilege of removal only upon federal officers or agents and those
authorized to act with or for them in affirmatively executing duties under any federal law
providing for equal civil rights.@ City of Greenwood, 384 U.S. at 824. Defendant does
not allege that he is either a federal officer or a person assisting a federal officer in the
performance of official duties providing for equal civil rights.
Because it clearly appears on the face of the Notice of Removal that removal of
this action should not be permitted, the action will be remanded summarily to the state
court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ' 1455(b)(4). Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that Case No. 13CR1106 is remanded summarily to the Weld County
District Court. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk of this Court is directed to mail a certified
copy of this Order to the Clerk of the Weld County District Court, 915 10th Street, P.O.
Box 2038 (80632),Greeley, CO 80631.
DATED at Denver, Colorado, this 9th day of March, 2016.
BY THE COURT:
s/Lewis T. Babcock
LEWIS T. BABCOCK, Senior Judge
United States District Court
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