Gresham v. Morales et al
ORDER TO FILE PRELIMINARY RESPONSE by Magistrate Judge Gordon P. Gallagher on 4/19/16. (dkals, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 16-cv-00722-GPG
JAMES ROBERT GRESHAM,
COLORADO DEPARTMENT OF PAROLE,
JOE MORALES, (Chairperson) Director, and
DENISE BALAZIC, Hearing Officer,
ORDER TO FILE PRELIMINARY RESPONSE
On March 28, 2016, Applicant James Robert Gresham initiated this action by filing
pro se an Application for a Writ of Habeas Corpus Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. ECF No.
1. Applicant is in the custody of the Colorado Department of Corrections and currently is
incarcerated at the Delta Correctional Center in Delta, Colorado. He has been granted
leave to proceed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915. The Application raises three claims: 1)
Applicant’s due process rights were violated in his parole hearing; 2) Applicant had a
conflict of interest with the hearing officer; and 3) Respondent Joe Morales did not review
and respond to Applicant’s challenge to the parole hearing. See ECF No. 1 at 4-5.
As part of the preliminary consideration of the Application for a Writ of Habeas
Corpus Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 in this case, the Court has determined that a limited
Preliminary Response is appropriate. Respondents are directed pursuant to Rule 4 of
the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts and Denson
v. Abbott, 554 F. Supp. 2d 1206 (D. Colo. 2008), to file a Preliminary Response
addressing the affirmative defenses of timeliness under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d) and/or
exhaustion of state court remedies under 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1)(A) and/or procedural
default. If Respondents do not intend to raise any of these affirmative defenses, they
must notify the Court of that decision in the Preliminary Response. Respondents may
not file a dispositive motion as the Preliminary Response, or an Answer, or otherwise
address the merits of the claims in response to this Order.
In support of the Preliminary Response, Respondents should attach as exhibits all
relevant portions of the state court record, including but not limited to copies of all
documents demonstrating whether this action is filed in a timely manner and/or whether
Applicant has exhausted state court remedies.
Applicant may reply to the Preliminary Response and provide any information that
might be relevant to the one-year limitation period under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d) and/or the
exhaustion of state court remedies, if indeed exhaustion of state court remedies is
required. Applicant should also include information relevant to equitable tolling,
specifically as to whether he has pursued his claims diligently and whether some
extraordinary circumstance prevented him from filing a timely 28 U.S.C. § 2241 action in
this Court, and any information relevant to overcoming a procedural default, such as
cause and prejudice or the existence of a fundamental miscarriage of justice.
Accordingly, it is
ORDERED that within twenty-one days from the date of this Order
Respondents shall file a Preliminary Response that complies with this Order and
addresses exhaustion, timeliness, and jurisdiction issues. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that within twenty-one days of the filing of the
Preliminary Response Applicant may file a Reply, if he desires. It is
FURTHER ORDERED that if Respondents do not intend to raise either of the
affirmative defenses of timeliness or exhaustion of state court remedies, they must notify
the Court of that decision in the Preliminary Response.
DATED April 19, 2016, at Denver, Colorado.
BY THE COURT:
s/Gordon P. Gallagher
United States Magistrate Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?