Gomez v. Sam's Club, Inc. et al
ORDER denying 44 Plaintiff's Motion to Continue Case Scheduling Order Dates Out for a Period of Six Months, by Magistrate Judge Scott T. Varholak on 6/12/17. (nmarb, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Civil Action No. 16-cv-02240-CMA-STV
JOSEPH E. GOMEZ, III,
SAM’S WEST, INC.,
Magistrate Judge Scott T. Varholak
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff’s Motion to Continue Case Scheduling
Order Dates Out for a Period of Six Months (the “Motion”) [#44]. The Motion has been
referred to this Court. [#46] This Court has carefully considered the Motion, related
briefing, the case file, and the applicable case law, and has determined that oral
argument would not materially assist in the disposition of the Motion. For the following
reasons, I DENY the Motion.
Plaintiff initiated this employment discrimination action on September 5, 2016.
[#1] On December 5, 2016, this Court entered a Scheduling Order.
Scheduling Order set an August 7, 2017, discovery cut-off deadline. [Id. at 5] The
Court allowed eight months for discovery despite Defendant’s request for a six-month
The Court lengthened the discovery period based upon
Plaintiff’s counsel’s representation that her husband was ill and that this illness
necessitated a lengthier discovery period.
Despite this lengthier discovery period, Plaintiff filed the instant Motion seeking a
six-month extension of all of the dates set by the Scheduling Order. [#44] As grounds,
Plaintiff states that his counsel’s husband is a pancreas transplant patient who has been
ill with a serious transplant related medical issue, Cytomegalovirus (“CMV”), since
November 10, 2016. [Id. at 1] According to the Motion, counsel “is her husband’s
caregiver, provides daily care for her husband, and is normally present at hospital visits
and medical appointments.” [Id. at 2] As a result, Plaintiff’s counsel “has not been able
to do the discovery that she intends to do in this case because of the constant severe
medical illness issues that have been occurring with her husband.” [Id.] Based upon
discussions at earlier motions hearings, it appears that Plaintiff has not submitted any
written discovery or taken any depositions.
“Numerous courts have noted . . . that a ‘Scheduling Order is not a frivolous
piece of paper, idly entered, which can be cavalierly disregarded by counsel without
peril.’” Washington v. Arapahoe Cty. Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 197 F.R.D. 439, 441 (D.
Colo. 2000) (quoting Widhelm v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 162 F.R.D. 591, 593 (D. Neb.
1995)). As a result, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 16(b)(4) allows modification of a
Scheduling Order “only for good cause and with the judge’s consent.” “Demonstrating
good cause under the rule ‘requires the moving party to show that it has been diligent in
attempting to meet the deadlines, which means it must provide an adequate explanation
for any delay.’” Strope v. Collins, 315 F. App’x 57, 61 (10th Cir. 2009) (quoting Minter v.
Prime Equip. Co., 451 F.3d 1196, 1205 n.4 (10th Cir. 2006)); Lehman Bros. Holdings
Inc. v. Universal Am. Mortg. Co., LLC, 300 F.R.D. 678, 681 (D. Colo. 2014).
Nonetheless, “total inflexibility is undesirable.” Lehman Bros. Holdings Inc., 300 F.R.D.
at 681-82 (quoting Summers v. Missouri Pac. R.R. Sys., 132 F.3d 559, 604 (10th Cir.
When exercising discretion to modify a Scheduling Order, the Court considers
the following factors: (1) whether trial is imminent; (2) whether the request to extend
discovery is opposed; (3) whether the non-moving party would be prejudiced; (4)
whether the moving party was diligent in obtaining discovery within the guidelines
established by the Court; (5) the foreseeability of the need for additional discovery in
light of the time allowed for discovery by the Court; and (6) the likelihood that the
discovery will lead to relevant evidence. See id. at 681. Weighing these factors, the
Court finds that Plaintiff has not demonstrated good cause to amend the Scheduling
Although trial is not imminent (factor one), a factor that would support good
cause, the remaining five factors weigh against Plaintiff. The request is opposed (factor
two) and while the prejudice may not be extreme, Defendant will be prejudiced by
having this matter continue to linger for an additional six months (factor three).
Moreover, while conducting some discovery will undoubtedly lead to some relevant
evidence (factor six), Plaintiff has not explained why he cannot conduct that discovery in
the nearly two months remaining in the current discovery schedule. Moreover, at the
time of the Scheduling Conference, it was entirely foreseeable that Plaintiff would need
to conduct some discovery (factor five). Plaintiff requested eight months to conduct that
discovery, and the Court granted that request over Defendant’s objection.
Perhaps most importantly, Plaintiff has not demonstrated the necessary diligence
for amending the deadlines set forth in the Scheduling Order (factor four). Plaintiff’s
Motion relates that his counsel’s husband has been sick and that counsel provides daily
care for her husband, including attending hospital visits. [#44 at 2] Plaintiff’s Reply
details the history of counsel’s husband’s illness, and relates that counsel and her
husband were out of state from November 28, 2015, through April 10, 2016. [#49 at 4]
Neither the Motion nor the Reply, however, explain why this illness has prevented
counsel from conducting necessary (perhaps any) discovery in the six months since
discovery began. The Motion and the Reply provide little detail regarding the number of
hours counsel currently spends caring for her husband or the number of hours spent at
the hospital or medical appointments. Without such details, Plaintiff has not “provide[d]
an adequate explanation for any delay.” Strope, 315 F. App’x at 61.
Similarly, Plaintiff has not provided any description of the discovery that he seeks
to undertake. Plaintiff has not stated who he seeks to depose, or the type of written
discovery he intends to propound. Indeed, the Motion and Reply combined total eleven
pages. [#44, 49] In the time spent drafting these documents, Plaintiff’s counsel could
have propounded written discovery requests.
Finally, Plaintiff has failed to explain how a six month extension will enable him to
conduct necessary discovery when Plaintiff has failed to conduct much (if any)
discovery beyond initial disclosures in the first six months of the current discovery
period. The Motion and Reply rely entirely upon the medical conditions of Plaintiff’s
counsel’s husband. But, neither explain how those medical conditions are anticipated to
change over the next six months such that counsel will be able to conduct any
necessary discovery. Indeed, the Motion relates that counsel and her husband may
need to return to the transplant hospital in Wisconsin. Such a move would seem to
make it less likely that Plaintiff could conduct discovery in the extended time period, as
opposed to conducting discovery now while counsel remains in Colorado.
The Court is sympathetic to Plaintiff’s counsel’s family medical problems. But,
the Motion and the Reply have failed to demonstrate the good cause necessary for
amending the Scheduling Order. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s Motion to Continue Case
Scheduling Order Dates Out for a Period of Six Months [#44] is DENIED.
DATED: June 12, 2017
BY THE COURT:
s/Scott T. Varholak
United States Magistrate Judge
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