Faircloth v. Hickenlooper et al
ORDER Adopting 84 the Magistrate Judge's Recommendation and Order regardingDefendants Associate Director & Members of CDOC Infectious Disease Committee and Colorado State Legislative Body. ORDERED by Judge Raymond P. Moore on 11/7/2017. (cthom, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Judge Raymond P. Moore
Civil Action No. 16-cv-02929-RM-STV
JOHN HICKENLOOPER, GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF COLORADO;
RICK RAEMISCH, CDOC EXEC. DIR.;
CDOC CLINICAL HEALTH SERVICES DIRECTOR SUSAN TIONA;
CDOC CLINICAL HEALTH SERVICES DIRECTOR RENAE JORDAN;
CTCF HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATOR BRIAN HOFFMAN;
DR/NURSE PRACTITIONER WEINPAHL;
DR/NURSE PRACTITIONER WALKER;
DR/NURSE PRACTITIONER CHRISTNER;
CORRECTIONS HEALTH PARTNERS, INC. (CHP)/DIRECTOR OF CHP, INC.;
CDOC ADA CO-ORDINATOR JULIE RUSSELL;
JUDY BREZINDINE, CROWLEY CORR. FAC. H.S.A.;
DR/NURSE PRACTITIONER MR. CABLING;
ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR & MEMBERS OF CDOC INFECTIOUS DISEASE COMMITTEE;
COLORADO STATE LEGISLATIVE BODY,
This matter is before the Court on the September 11, 2017, Recommendation and Order
(the “Recommendation”) (ECF No. 84) of United States Magistrate Judge Scott T. Varholak to
dismiss sua sponte Defendants “Associate Director & Members of CDOC Infectious Disease
Committee” and “Colorado State Legislative Body” (collectively, the “State Defendants”). The
Magistrate Judge recommends the following: (1) to the extent Plaintiff seeks to assert claims
against the State Defendants as entities, his claims against them be dismissed as barred by the
Eleventh Amendment; and (2) to the extent Plaintiff seeks to assert claims against the individual
members of the State Defendants, his claims against them be dismissed for failure to state a
claim.1 The Recommendation is incorporated herein by reference. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B);
FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b).
The Recommendation advised the parties that specific written objections were due within
fourteen days after being served with a copy of the Recommendation. (ECF No. 84, pages 7-8.)
Despite this advisement, no objections to the Recommendation have to date been filed by any
party and the time to do so has expired. (See generally Dkt.)
The Court concludes that Magistrate Judge Varholak’s analysis that dismissal is warranted
was thorough and sound, and that there is no clear error on the face of the record. See FED. R.
CIV. P. 72(b) advisory committee’s note (“When no timely objection is filed, the court need only
satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in order to accept the
recommendation.”); see also Summers v. Utah, 927 F.2d 1165, 1167 (10th Cir. 1991) (“In the
absence of timely objection, the district court may review a magistrate’s report under any standard
it deems appropriate.”). The Recommendation, however, did not distinguish between dismissals
with or without prejudice. The Court finds it should do so.
Dismissals based on Eleventh Amendment immunity should be without prejudice. Colby
v. Herrick, 849 F.3d 1273, 1278 (10th Cir. 2017). Dismissals for failure to state a claim in this
instance, however, is with prejudice. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b) (with certain exceptions, unless
the dismissal order states otherwise, dismissal is on the merits). Accordingly, the dismissal of the
Specifically, the Recommendation found Plaintiff failed to specifically identify those members and what role they
played in the alleged misconduct. (Rec., page 5.)
State Defendants, to the extent they are sued as entities, is without prejudice. The dismissal of the
individual members of the State Defendants, however, is with prejudice.2
In accordance with the foregoing, the Court:
(1) ADOPTS the Magistrate Judge’s Recommendation and Order (ECF No. 84) regarding
Defendants Associate Director & Members of CDOC Infectious Disease Committee and
Colorado State Legislative Body as stated herein;
(2) DISMISSES without prejudice Plaintiff’s Complaint against the entities Associate
Director & Members of CDOC Infectious Disease Committee and Colorado State
(3) DISMISSES with prejudice Plaintiff’s Complaint against the individual members of
Associate Director & Members of CDOC Infectious Disease Committee and Colorado
State Legislative Body; and
(4) DIRECTS the Clerk to terminate Defendants Associate Director & Members of CDOC
Infectious Disease Committee and Colorado State Legislative Body from this action.
DATED this 7th day of November, 2017.
BY THE COURT:
RAYMOND P. MOORE
United States District Judge
As courts may, but are not required, to raise Eleventh Amendment immunity sua sponte, United States ex rel.
Burlbaw v. Orenduff, 548 F.3d 931, 942 (10th Cir. 2008), the Court need not evaluate whether such immunity would
apply to any claim against the individual State Defendants in their official capacities.
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