Aptive Environmental, LLC v. Town of Castle Rock, Colorado
ORDER: Castle Rock's 49 Motion for Leave to Restrict Public Access to 50 Motion to Compel is DENIED. By Chief Judge Marcia S. Krieger on 11/8/2017. (msklc3)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Chief Judge Marcia S. Krieger
Civil Action No. 17-CV-1545-MSK-MJW
APTIVE ENVIRONMENTAL, LLC,
TOWN OF CASTLE ROCK, COLORADO,
ORDER ON MOTION TO RESTRICT PUBLIC ACCESS
THIS MATTER comes before the Court upon the Defendant’s Motion to Restrict Public
Access (# 49).
Defendant Town of Castle Rock seeks Level 1 Restriction for its recently filed Motion to
Compel (# 50) and accompanying exhibits. In its motion to restrict, it states that the exhibits
contain confidential information as defined in the parties’ Stipulated Protective Order (# 43) that
may improperly annoy, embarrass, or oppress Plaintiff Aptive Environmental LLC. Without
specific explanation, Castle Rock asserts that there is no less restrictive alternative than full
There is a well-established common-law right of access to judicial records. See Nixon v.
Warner Commc’ns Inc., 435 U.S. 589, 597 (1978). This right is premised upon the idea that the
public must retain the ability to evaluate a court’s decision-making process and ensure that it is
promoting justice by acting as a neutral arbitrator. See United States v. McVeigh, 119 F.3d 806,
814 (10th Cir. 1997); see also United States v. Amodeo, 71 F.3d 1044, 1048 (2d Cir. 1995) (“The
presumption of access is based on the need for federal courts . . . to have a measure of
accountability and for the public to have confidence in the administration of justice.”).
Accordingly, there is a strong presumption that documents filed in a lawsuit that are pertinent to
a judicial determination should be freely available to the public. Colony Ins. Co. v. Burke, 68
F.2d 1222, 1242 (10th Cir. 2012). Access to court filings may, however, be restricted when the
public’s right of access is outweighed by interests favoring non-disclosure. See McVeigh, 119
F.3d at 811. A party seeking to restrict public access bears the burden to demonstrate compelling
reasons justifying restriction. See Eugene S. v. Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of N.J., 663 Fl.3d
1124, 1135-36 (10th Cir. 2011); see also McVeigh, 119 F.3d at 814. Thus, a movant must
articulate a real and substantial interest that justifies depriving the public of access to documents
that informed the court’s decision-making process. See Helm v. Kansas, 656 F.3d 1277, 1292
(10th Cir. 2011).
Consonant with these precepts, Local Civil Rule 7.2 governs motions to restrict (whether
unopposed or contested). This rule requires that a party seeking restriction: (1) identify the
document for which restriction is sought; (2) address the interest to be protected and why such
interest outweighs the presumption of public access; (3) identify a clearly defined and serious
injury that would result if access is not restricted; and (4) explain why no alternative to
restriction will suffice. See D.C. Colo. L. Civ. R. 7.2. The fact that the parties agree to a
Protective Order is in place is of no moment. It does not dictate the Court’s decision or change
its analysis, as the right of access belongs to the public who, necessarily, was not a party to such
an agreement. See D.C. Colo. L. Civ. R. 7.2(c)(2).
The Motion to Compel is accompanied by five exhibits. The first four are the parties’
discovery requests and responses. The fifth is a spreadsheet containing business data about
Aptive’s door-to-door sale and knock rates. Castle Rock enumerates some of this business data
in its Motion to Compel.
Castle Rock has not complied with the requirements of Local Civil Rule 7.2. To begin
with, Castle Rock’s motion is conclusory — it fails to identify any private interest that must be
protected, much less why such an interest outweighs the presumption of public access to
information it considers to be pertinent to its Motion to Compel this case. Castle Rock refers to
the Stipulated Protective Order, but, as stated in Local Civil Rule 7.2(c)(2), that is not material to
the public’s right of access. Castle Rock further fails to point to any serious and imminent injury
that might result from disclosure or address any alternatives to full restriction.
Accordingly, the Motion to Restrict Public Access (# 49) is DENIED.
Dated this 8th day of November, 2017.
BY THE COURT:
Marcia S. Krieger
United States District Court
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