Bozonier v. Monaco Parkway Fee Owner LLC et al
ORDER by Chief Judge Philip A. Brimmer on 2/16/2021, re: 13 Motion to Remand is DENIED.(sphil, )
Case 1:20-cv-01280-PAB Document 18 Filed 02/16/21 USDC Colorado Page 1 of 6
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Chief Judge Philip A. Brimmer
Civil Action No. 20-cv-01280-PAB
MONACO PARKWAY FEE OWNER LLC, and
GREP SOUTHWEST LLC,
This matter is before the Court on plaintiff’s Motion to Remand [Docket No. 13]. 1
Plaintiff asserts that defendants’ removal was not timely under 28 U.S.C. § 1446(b)(1)
and, therefore, plaintiff asks that the Court remand the action to Denver District Court,
where the action was originally filed, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1447. Docket No. 13 at
4. This motion requires the Court to determine when the thirty-day time limit in § 1446
begins to run. Id.
Plaintiff filed this action in Denver District Court on February 14, 2020 naming as
defendants TruAmerica Multifamily LLC (“TruAmerica”) and Greystar Real Estate
Partners West LLC (“Greystar West”). Id. at 1. Plaintiff served Greystar West through
its registered agent on February 19, 2020 and “personally served” TruAmerica through
its registered agent on February 27, 2020. Id. at 1–2. On March 19, 2020, defense
Plaintiff’s motion does not include a statement of conferral as required by
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counsel contacted plaintiff’s counsel to request an extension of time to answer the
complaint until March 30, 2020, which the court granted. Id. at 2. On March 30, 2020,
defense counsel again contacted plaintiff’s counsel, explained that plaintiff had named
the wrong entities in the complaint, and provided “the proper Defendants along with a
Management Agreement substantiating the Defendants.” Id. Plaintiff’s counsel
explained to defense counsel that he would file an amended complaint naming Monaco
Parkway Fee Owner LLC (“Monaco Parkway”) and Greystar Southwest LLC (“GREP
Southwest”) as defendants in place of TruAmerica and Greystar West. Id. Defense
counsel agreed to waive service of the new defendants. Id. Plaintiff filed the amended
complaint on April 3, 2020 with allegations identical to the previous complaint and
emailed the amended complaint to defense counsel on April 8, 2020. Id. Plaintiff
states that she sent the amended complaint and waiver of service to the same defense
counsel who asked for the extension on March 19, 2020. Id. Defense counsel formally
waived service on April 15, 2020. Id. On May 6, 2020, defendants Monaco Parkway
and GREP Southwest removed the case. Id.
In general, “[t]he notice of removal of a civil action or proceeding shall be filed
within 30 days after the receipt by the defendant, through service or otherwise, of a
copy of the initial pleading setting forth the claim for relief upon which such action or
proceeding is based.” 28 U.S.C. § 1446(b)(1). The thirty-day clock under § 1446(b)
“does not begin to run until the plaintiff provides the defendant with ‘clear and
unequivocal notice’ that the suit is removable.” Paros Props. LLC v. Colo. Cas. Ins.
Co., 835 F.3d 1264, 1269 (10th Cir. 2016). Form al service – not mere receipt of the
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complaint – is required to trigger the thirty-day period for removal. Murphy Bros. v.
Michetti Pipe Stringing, 526 U.S. 344, 347 (1999).
Plaintiff insists that, “[w]here a defendant should clearly ascertain from
circumstances and original complaint [sic] that case [sic] is removable . . . a defendant
must remove, if at all, within 30 days receipt of the complaint and the only time
extensions are [sic] allowed by § 1446(b) is [sic] for cases where removabiltiy cannot be
ascertained until defendant receives subsequent information from plaintiff.” Docket No.
13 at 5. Here, plaintiff insists that the “only alteration” between the original complaint
and the amended complaint was the formal name of the parties and that, therefore, the
grounds for removal were unambiguous when the original complaint was filed. Id.
Plaintiff states that, because Greystar West is “understood to be the same entity
as GREP Southwest,” but merely “changed its name” to GREP Southwest, as defense
counsel explained in the Mach 30 communications, GREP should have removed, if at
all, no later than March 19, 2020, which is 30 days after Greystar West was served. Id.
Plaintiff claims that “where a defendant is misnamed and the defendant is aware that it
was misnamed, the Courts have generally been unresponsive to extending the initial
thirty period [sic] for removal.” Id. at 6. Plaintiff also cites Rule 15(c) of the Colorado
Rules of Civil Procedure, which states that an amendment changing parties’ names
“relates back” if the defendant has received notice of the commencement of the action
such that he will not be prejudiced in maintaining his defense on the merits and knew or
should have known that, but for a mistake concerning the identity of the property party,
the action would have been brought against him. Id.
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Defendants insist that the removal period “does not begin to run until the
defendant is able to intelligently ascertain removability so that in his petition for removal
he can make a simple and short statement of the facts.” Docket No. 16 at 3 (quoting
Huffman v. Saul Holdings Ltd. P’Ship, 194 F.3d 1072, 1078 (10th Cir. 1999)) (internal
quotation omitted). “Ascertain,” defendants argue, means determining with certainty
that a particular matter is removable. Id. Therefore, because plaintiff’s original
complaint “named distinct and independent entities from the current Defendants,” rather
than misnomers, it was therefore not until plaintiff named GREP Southwest and
Monaco Parkway that defendants had “the jurisdictional ability to ascertain the
removability of the case and standing to do so.” Id. at 2. Further, defendants explain
that GREP Southwest and Greystar West are not “understood” to be the same entity.
Id. at 5. Rather, the entities are factually distinct and both still exist. Id. Defendants
also argue that because the defendants named in the original complaint were not
simply misnomers, Rule 15(c) is not relevant. Id. at 9.
While plaintiff tries to claim that this is a misnomer case, plaintiff is mistaken.
Plaintiff claims that where a defendant is misnamed and the defendant is aware that it
was misnamed, courts have been unresponsive to extending the thirty-day removal
period. Docket No. 13 at 6. W hile this may be true, Greystar West and GREP
Southwest are not mere misnomers; rather, they are separate legal entities that still
exist. Docket No. 16 at 5–6.
Defendants rely principally on Hersh v. Econ. Premier Assur. Co., No. 09-cv00782-CMA-MJW, 2009 WL 2762728 (D. Colo. Aug. 25, 2009). Id. at 3. The plaintiff
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there thought that her uninsured motorist insurer was MetLife when in fact it was
defendant. The plaintiff served MetLife with a summons and copy of the complaint, and
MetLife informed her that she had named the wrong entity. Hersh, 2009 WL 2762728,
at *1. The plaintiff then filed an amended complaint, and the defendant removed the
action. Id. The court denied the plaintiff’s motion to remand because the plaintiff
ignored the distinction between MetLife and the defendant. Id. The court held “[t]he
fact that MetLife is affiliated with Defendant does not mean that service of process on
MetLife equates to service of process on Defendant,” as “[t]he two companies are
separate legal entities established under the laws of different states and Plaintiff has
not presented any evidence that would allow this Court to disregard their distinct
corporate form in this case.” Id. at *2. Therefore, the defendant in Hersh could not
have removed before it was named instead of MetLife. Id.
The Court is persuaded by Judge Arguello’s reasoning in Hersh. As in Hersh,
the defendants in this case are separate legal entities established under the laws of
different states. Docket No. 16 at 5. Similarly, as in Hersh, plaintiff did not merely
misname defendant; rather, she served a completely different entity. Id. at 8 (citing
Hersh, 2009 WL 2762728, at *3). As a result, unless GREP Southwest intervened in
the state-court case, it could not have removed the action “until it had been named as a
defendant and served with process,” see Hersh, 2009 WL 2762728, at *2, even though
Greystar West had been served. For the same reason, as in Hersh, substitution would
have been inappropriate. Finally, the court in Hersh held that even though the
defendant’s attorney advised the plaintiff of the correct name of defendant and
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accepted service on behalf of the correct defendant, the removal deadline had not
begun. Id. at *1–*3 (“The Court is even more hesitant to adopt Plaintiff's position under
the facts of this case because Plaintiff had not named Defendant in the operative
pleading at the time Plaintiff contends the removal clock should have started ticking.”).
Therefore, because defendants did not receive the complaint, and, thus, did not
have access to the complaint, until April 15, 2020, 2 defendants’ notice of removal was
For the foregoing reasons, it is
ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion to Remand to State Court [Docket No. 13] is
DATED February 16, 2021.
BY THE COURT:
PHILIP A. BRIMMER
Chief United States District Judge
If plaintiff believes that the thirty-day countdown began when she filed the
amended complaint on April 3, 2020, or when she emailed the amended complaint to
defense counsel on April 8, 2020, she is mistaken. Hersh, 2009 WL 2762728, at *4
(“To the extent that Plaintiff contends the date on which removability begins to run is the
date that Plaintiff provided Defendant with a courtesy copy of the original complaint . . .
she is wrong . . . . Plaintiff ignores the fact that the Supreme Court rejected almost this
exact same argument in Murphy Bros. [And] if Plaintiff were correct, Defendant would
be forced to remove the lawsuit before any defendant had been served. Such a result is
not what Congress intended in drafting section 1446(b).”).
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