Tom's Urban Master LLC v. Federal Insurance Company
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE by Chief Judge Philip A. Brimmer on 1/7/2021. ORDERED that, on or before January 14, 2021, plaintiff shall show cause as to why this case should not be dismissed due to the Court's lack of subject matter jurisdiction. (sphil, )
Case 1:20-cv-03407-PAB Document 14 Filed 01/07/21 USDC Colorado Page 1 of 3
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Chief Judge Philip A. Brimmer
Civil Action No. 20-cv-03407-PAB
TOM’S URBAN MASTER LLC,
FEDERAL INSURANCE COMPANY,
The Court takes up this matter sua sponte on the Complaint [Docket No. 1].
Plaintiff asserts that the Court has jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Docket
No. 1 at 3, ¶ 8.
In every case and at every stage of the proceeding, a federal court must satisfy
itself as to its own jurisdiction, even if doing so requires sua sponte action. See
Citizens Concerned for Separation of Church & State v. City & Cty. of Denver , 628 F.2d
1289, 1297 (10th Cir. 1980). Absent an assurance that jurisdiction ex ists, a court may
not proceed in a case. See Cunningham v. BHP Petroleum Gr. Brit. PLC, 427 F.3d
1238, 1245 (10th Cir. 2005). Courts are well-advised to raise the issue of jurisdiction on
their own, regardless of parties’ apparent acquiescence. First, it is the Court’s duty to
do so. Tuck v. United Servs. Auto. Ass’n, 859 F.2d 842, 844 (10th Cir. 1988). Second,
regarding subject matter jurisdiction, “the consent of the parties is irrelevant, principles
of estoppel do not apply, and a party does not waive the requirement by failing to
Case 1:20-cv-03407-PAB Document 14 Filed 01/07/21 USDC Colorado Page 2 of 3
challenge jurisdiction.” Ins. Corp. of Ir. v. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee, 456 U.S.
694, 702 (1982) (citations omitted). Finally, delay in addressing the issue only
compounds the problem if, despite much time and expense having been dedicated to
the case, a lack of jurisdiction causes it to be dismissed. See U.S. Fire Ins. Co. v.
Pinkard Constr. Co., No. 09-cv-00491-PAB-MJW, 2009 WL 2338116, at *3 (D. Colo.
July 28, 2009).
“The party invoking federal jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing such
jurisdiction as a threshold matter.” Radil v. Sanborn W. Camps, Inc., 384 F.3d 1220,
1224 (10th Cir. 2004). Plaintiff asserts that this Court has diversity jurisdiction under 28
U.S.C. § 1332. Docket No. 1 at 3, ¶ 8. Pursuant to that section, “district courts shall
have original jurisdiction of all civil actions where the matter in controversy exceeds the
sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs, and is between . . . citizens of
different States.” 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). The facts presently alleged are insufficient to
establish the citizenship of plaintiff Tom’s Urban Master LLC (“Tom’s”).
The complaint alleges that Tom’s is a Delaware limited liability company (“LLC”)
with its principal place of business in Denver, Colorado. Docket No. 1 at 3, ¶ 5. The
citizenship of an LLC is determined not by its state of organization or principal place of
business, but by the citizenship of all of its members. See Siloam Springs Hotel, LLC v.
Century Sur. Co., 781 F.3d 1233, 1237-38 (10th Cir. 2015) (“[I]n determ ining the
citizenship of an unincorporated association for purposes of diversity, federal courts
must include all the entities’ members.”). Plaintiff must allege the citizenship of any and
all members of Tom’s to establish the Court’s subject matter jurisdiction.
Case 1:20-cv-03407-PAB Document 14 Filed 01/07/21 USDC Colorado Page 3 of 3
Because the allegations are presently insufficient to allow the Court to determine
the citizenship Tom’s, see United States ex rel. General Rock & Sand Corp. v. Chuska
Dev. Corp., 55 F.3d 1491, 1495 (10th Cir. 1995) (“The party seeking the exercise of
jurisdiction in his favor must allege in his pleading the facts essential to show
jurisdiction.” (quotations omitted)), it is
ORDERED that, on or before January 14, 2021, plaintiff shall show cause as to
why this case should not be dismissed due to the Court’s lack of subject matter
DATED January 7, 2021.
BY THE COURT:
PHILIP A. BRIMMER
Chief United States District Judge
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