Wilson v. Long et al
ORDER: Plaintiff's Objection/Appeal 89 is OVERRULED. SO ORDERED by Senior Judge Christine M. Arguello on 1/17/2023.(sphil, )
Case 1:21-cv-03207-CMA-NRN Document 95 Filed 01/17/23 USDC Colorado Page 1 of 5
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Senior Judge Christine M. Arguello
Civil Action No. 21-cv-03207-CMA-NRN
TERANCE D. WILSON,
JEFF LONG, Warden, S.C.F.,
DEAN WILLIAMS, Executive Director, CDOC,
OSVALDO SOTO, C.S.P.,
CO. NATHAN LARIMORE, C.C.F.,
SGT. SOTO, C.C.F.,
GRACE NOVOTNY, DOC OIG Chief Investigator,
CLINICIAN MERICK, C.C.F.,
CLINICIAN BENTON, C.C.F.,
LT. MINDI TRUJILLO, C.C.F.,
CO. HARRIS, C.C.F.,
CAPTAIN WALLACE, S.C.F., and
SGT. STICE, C.C.F.,
ORDER OVERRULING OBJECTION AND AFFIRMING ORDER
OF UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
This matter is before the Court on Plaintiff Terance Wilson’s Objection (Doc. # 89)
to United States Magistrate Judge N. Reid Neureiter’s Order (Doc. # 74) denying Mr.
Wilson’s Motion for Appointment of Counsel (Doc. # 70). For the following reasons, the
Court overrules Mr. Wilson’s Objection.
When a magistrate judge issues an order on non-dispositive matters, “[a] party
may serve and file objections to the order within 14 days after being served with a copy.”
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Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a). “The district judge in the case must consider timely objections and
modify or set aside any part of the order that is clearly erroneous or is contrary to law.”
Id. Under the clearly erroneous standard, the Court must affirm a Magistrate Judge’s
decision unless the Court finds that the Magistrate Judge abused his or her discretion or,
if after reviewing the record as a whole, the Court is left with a “definite and firm
conviction that a mistake has been made.” Ariza v. U.S. West. Comms., Inc., 167 F.R.D.
131, 133 (D. Colo. 1996) (quoting Ocelot Oil Corp. v. Sparrow Indus., 847 F.2d 1458,
1464 (10th Cir. 1988)). In the absence of a proper objection, the Court may review a
magistrate judge’s recommendation under any standard it deems appropriate. See
Summers v. Utah, 927 F.2d 1165, 1167 (10th Cir. 1991); see also Thomas v. Arn, 474
U.S. 140, 150 (1985) (“It does not appear that Congress intended to require district court
review of a magistrate’s factual or legal conclusions, under a de novo or any other
standard, when neither party objects to those findings.”).
In this case, Mr. Wilson, who is an incarcerated pro se plaintiff, filed his Motion for
Appointment of Counsel on August 18, 2022. 1 (Doc. # 70.) During a telephonic status
conference held on August 25, 2022, Judge Neureiter denied Mr. Wilson’s motion. (Doc.
# 74.) Mr. Wilson did not file the instant “Objection/Appeal” of Judge Neureiter’s denial of
his motion until several months later, on December 23, 2022. (Doc. # 89.)
Because Mr. Wilson proceeds pro se, the Court “review[s] his pleadings and other papers
liberally and hold[s] them to a less stringent standard than those drafted by attorneys.” Trackwell
v. United States, 472 F.3d 1242, 1243 (10th Cir. 2007); see Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519,
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The Tenth Circuit has “adopted a firm waiver rule when a party fails to object to
the findings and recommendations of the magistrate.” Duffield v. Jackson, 545 F.3d
1234, 1237 (10th Cir. 2008); see Sinclair Wyo. Ref. Co. v. A & B Builders, Ltd., 989 F.3d
747, 783 (10th Cir. 2021) (holding that “the firm waiver rule applies when a party fails to
object to a magistrate judge’s non-dispositive ruling under Rule 72(a)”). The firm waiver
rule provides that “[t]he failure to timely object . . . waives appellate review of both factual
and legal questions.” Duffield, 545 F.3d at 1237. There is no dispute in this case that Mr.
Wilson’s Objection/Appeal is untimely and that he has waived review of the order
denying his motion to appoint counsel.
Nonetheless, the Court has reviewed Mr. Wilson’s Motion for Appointment of
Counsel (Doc. # 70) and the August 25, 2022 telephonic status conference (Doc. # 74)
and is satisfied that Judge Neureiter properly denied the motion. During the status
conference, Judge Neureiter observed that he had appointed counsel for Mr. Wilson in a
different pending case but Mr. Wilson had discharged that counsel. Judge Neureiter
stated that “there was some justification for appointment of counsel before,” but he ruled
that Mr. Wilson’s motion in the instant case should be denied.
A civil litigant has no Sixth Amendment right to counsel. Johnson v. Johnson, 466
F.3d 1213, 1217 (10th Cir. 2006). However, the Court has discretion to appoint counsel
to an indigent party in a civil case. Id.; see 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1). In determining
whether to appoint counsel, the Court “should consider a variety of factors, including the
merits of the litigant’s claims, the nature of the factual issues raised in the claims, the
litigant’s ability to present his claims, and the complexity of the legal issues raised by the
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claims.” Williams v. Meese, 926 F.2d 994, 996 (10th Cir. 1991). The Tenth Circuit has
“stressed the necessity for the district court ‘to give careful consideration to all the
circumstances with particular emphasis upon certain factors that are highly relevant to a
request for counsel.’” Rucks v. Boergermann, 57 F.3d 978, 979 (10th Cir. 1995).
Judge Neureiter did not address these factors on the record or in any written
order. However, the Court has carefully reviewed Mr. Wilson’s motion and finds that, as
matters stood in August 2022, Mr. Wilson did not present circumstances that evinced a
critical need for appointment of counsel. (Doc. # 70.) Mr. Wilson reported that his
imprisonment “will greatly limit his ability to litigate” and cited his limited access to the law
library. (Id.) However, Mr. Wilson did not identify with specificity any particularly complex
legal issue or impediment to his ability to investigate crucial facts. See Williams, 926
F.2d at 996; McCarthy v. Weinberg, 753 F.2d 836, 838 (10th Cir. 1985). Under those
circumstances, the court was well within its discretion to decline to appoint counsel.
That being said, the Court is aware that this case has progressed several months
since the date of Mr. Wilson’s original motion. In his Objection, Mr. Wilson makes new
arguments that he requires the assistance of counsel for matters relating to expert
witnesses. 2 While the Court declines to address the merits of Mr. Wilson’s untimely
arguments, the Court notes that Mr. Wilson is not precluded from seeking appointment of
counsel later should it appear that this case is heading for trial or if other relevant
Mr. Wilson recently filed a Motion for Appointment of Expert Witnesses (Doc. # 90), which this
Court referred to Judge Neureiter.
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For the foregoing reasons, it is ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Objection/Appeal (Doc.
# 89) is OVERRULED.
DATED: January 17, 2023
BY THE COURT:
CHRISTINE M. ARGUELLO
Senior United States District Judge
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