Saiz v. HCA-Healthone, LLC et al
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE by Chief Judge Philip A. Brimmer on 09/16/2022. ORDERED that, on or before September 26, 2022, plaintiff shall show cause why this case should not be dismissed due to the Court's lack of subject matter jurisdiction. (sapod, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLORADO
Chief Judge Philip A. Brimmer
Civil Action No. 22-cv-01734-PAB
HCA – HEALTHONE, LLC, d/b/a SKY RIDGE MEDICAL CENTER, and
RICHARD SCOTT TALBOT, D.O.,
ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE
The Court takes up this matter sua sponte on the Complaint and Jury Demand
[Docket No. 1] filed by plaintiff on July 13, 2022. Plaintiff asserts that the Court has
jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Docket No. 1 at 3, ¶ 6.
In every case and at every stage of the proceeding, a federal court must satisfy
itself as to its own jurisdiction, even if doing so requires sua sponte action. See Citizens
Concerned for Separation of Church & State v. City & Cty. of Denver, 628 F.2d 1289,
1297 (10th Cir. 1980). Absent an assurance that jurisdiction exists, a court may not
proceed in a case. See Cunningham v. BHP Petroleum Gr. Brit. PLC, 427 F.3d 1238,
1245 (10th Cir. 2005). Courts are well-advised to raise the issue of jurisdiction on their
own, regardless of parties’ apparent acquiescence. First, it is the Court’s duty to do so.
Tuck v. United Servs. Auto. Ass’n, 859 F.2d 842, 844 (10th Cir. 1988). Second,
regarding subject matter jurisdiction, “the consent of the parties is irrelevant, principles
of estoppel do not apply, and a party does not waive the requirement by failing to
challenge jurisdiction.” Ins. Corp. of Ir. v. Compagnie des Bauxites de Guinee, 456 U.S.
694, 702 (1982) (citations omitted). Finally, delay in addressing the issue only
compounds the problem if, despite much time and expense having been dedicated to
the case, a lack of jurisdiction causes it to be dismissed. See U.S. Fire Ins. Co. v.
Pinkard Constr. Co., No. 09-cv-00491-PAB-MJW, 2009 WL 2338116, at *3 (D. Colo.
July 28, 2009).
“The party invoking federal jurisdiction bears the burden of establishing such
jurisdiction as a threshold matter.” Radil v. Sanborn W. Camps, Inc., 384 F.3d 1220,
1224 (10th Cir. 2004). Plaintiff asserts that the Court has diversity jurisdiction under 28
U.S.C. § 1332. Docket No. 1 at 3, ¶ 6. Pursuant to that section, “district courts shall
have original jurisdiction of all civil actions where the matter in controversy exceeds the
sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs, and is between . . . citizens of
different States.” 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). The facts as presently alleged are insufficient to
establish the citizenship of defendant HCA – HealthONE LLC d/b/a Sky Ridge Medical
Center (“Sky Ridge”).
The complaint alleges that Sky Ridge “is a Colorado limited liability company
involved in the delivering and providing of healthcare services. As such, it is a citizen of
Colorado.” Docket No. 1 at 3, ¶ 3. Unlike a corporation, whose citizenship is
determined in part by its state of incorporation, the citizenship of a limited liability
company is determined by the citizenship of all of its members. See Siloam Springs
Hotel, LLC v. Century Sur. Co., 781 F.3d 1233, 1237-38 (10th Cir. 2015) (“[I]n
determining the citizenship of an unincorporated association for purposes of diversity,
federal courts must include all the entities’ members.”). Plaintiff has not identified all of
the members of Sky Ridge. See Docket No. 1 at 3, ¶ 3. Rather, plaintiff’s statement
that Sky Ridge “is a citizen of Colorado,” id., is a conclusory allegation that is insufficient
for the Court to determine the LLCs’ citizenship. See Den 8888, LLC v. Navajo
Express, Inc., No. 21-cv-00321-STV, 2021 WL 463623, at *3 (D. Colo. Feb. 9, 2021);
U.S. Advisor, LLC v. Berkshire Prop. Advisors, LLC, No. 09-cv-00697-PAB-CBS, 2009
WL 2055206, at *2 (D. Colo. July 10, 2009) (citing Hicklin Eng’g, L.C. v. Bartell, 439
F.3d 346, 347 (7th Cir. 2006)); Alphonse v. Arch Bay Holdings, L.L.C., 618 F. App’x
765, 768 (5th Cir. 2015) (unpublished) (“[W]e have observed that the appropriate tests
for citizenship involve tracing [entities’] citizenships down the various organizational
layers where necessary.” (internal citation omitted)); Underwriters at Lloyd’s, London v.
Osting-Schwinn, 613 F.3d 1079, 1092 (11th Cir. 2010) (remanding case in which party
invoking the court’s diversity jurisdiction did not disclose the identity and citizenship of
each member of an unincorporated entity); Delay v. Rosenthal Collins Grp., LLC, 585
F.3d 1003, 1005 (6th Cir. 2009) (“When diversity jurisdiction is invoked in a case in
which a limited liability company is a party, the court needs to know the citizenship of
each member of the company. And because a member of a limited liability company
may itself have multiple members – and thus may itself have multiple citizenships – the
federal court needs to know the citizenship of each ‘sub-member’ as well.”); Rolling
Greens MHP, L.P. v. Comcast SCH Holdings L.L.C., 374 F.3d 1020, 1022 (11th Cir.
2004) (“[A] party must list the citizenships of all the members of the limited liability
Because the allegations are presently insufficient to allow the Court to determine
the citizenship of defendant HCA – HealthONE LLC d/b/a Sky Ridge Medical Center,
and therefore whether the Court has jurisdiction, it is
ORDERED that, on or before September 26, 2022, plaintiff shall show cause
why this case should not be dismissed due to the Court’s lack of subject matter
DATED September 16, 2022.
BY THE COURT:
PHILIP A. BRIMMER
Chief United States District Judge
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