Stellwag et al v. Quinnipiac Univ et al
ORDER granting in part and denying in part 42 Motion to Compel. Signed by Judge Donna F. Martinez on 11/18/10. (Turner, M.)
Stellwag et al v. Quinnipiac Univ et al
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT COURTNEY STELLWAG, ET AL., Plaintiffs, v. QUINNIPIAC UNIV., ET AL., Defendants. : : : : : : : : :
CASE NO. 3:09-CV-1031(AWT)
RULING ON MOTION TO COMPEL (DOC. #42) The plaintiffs' Motion to Compel, doc. #42, is GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART, as follows. Interrogatory #12: The defendants object, first, on grounds of relevance and undue burden. relevant. The information sought is
As to the objection of burdensomeness, the defendants
have made some showing of burden by providing an affidavit from the Associate Dean of Student Affairs, Monique Drucker. But Dean
Drucker's affidavit assumes that the plaintiffs' request is broader than it actually is: plaintiffs seek responsive records of expulsions and dismissals only, not suspensions or other disciplinary files. Considering the needs of the case, however,
the burden of discovering this information for the requested 23 years outweighs its likely benefit, see Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(2)(C)(iii). The defendants shall respond as to expulsions
and dismissal only for the past ten years only. The defendants also object based on the provisions of the
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act ("FERPA").
recognized that FERPA does not create a privilege against disclosure of student records. (E.D.N.Y. 1977); Rios v. Read, 73 F.R.D. 589
Ragusa v. Malverne Union Free School District, Moreover, "[u]nder the
549 F. Supp. 2d 288, 291 (E.D.N.Y. 2008).
provisions of the statute, a school would not be subject to sanctions for disclosure of education records covered by FERPA when such disclosure was made pursuant to a judicial order." Ragusa, 549 F. Supp. at 291-92. Nonetheless, in light of the
privacy concerns embodied in FERPA, courts have imposed a higher burden on litigants moving to compel the disclosure of educational records: "before approval is given, the party seeking disclosure is required to demonstrate a genuine need for the information that outweighs the privacy interest of the students." at 599. See also Ragusa, 549 F. Supp. 2d at 292. Rios, 73 F.R.D.
To the extent that FERPA applies to the redacted records sought by the plaintiffs1, the court finds that the plaintiffs have met the higher burden imposed by the statute. Based on the
plaintiffs' theory of the case, the disclosure of a limited number of student disciplinary files for comparison purposes is necessary
The plaintiffs consent to the redaction of all personally identifying information in the records, and argue that such redacted records would not fall within FERPA's protections at all. See Ragusa v. Malverne Union Free School District, 349 F. Supp. 2d 288, 292 (E.D.N.Y. 2008)("[t]here is nothing in FERPA that would prohibit Defendants from releasing education records that had all `personally identifiable information' redacted"). 2
to the plaintiffs' prosecution of the case.
The court anticipates
that the number of responsive records will not be unduly large, and any privacy concerns are significantly ameliorated by plaintiffs' agreement to redaction of personally identifying information. Request for Production #14: The defendants objected to this The relevance During oral
request as unduly vague, broad and irrelevant.
objection is overruled; the information is relevant. argument, the plaintiff agreed to limit the request to
communications by the following individuals: Lahey, Drucker, Boucher, Morgan, Bushnell and Black. The vagueness and
overbreadth objections are adequately addressed by plaintiffs' agreement to limit the requests to the individuals named. defendants shall respond to the request as modified. Request for Production #15: The defendants objected on grounds of relevance and FERPA. showing, of burdensomeness. There was neither a claim, nor a The
The relevance objection is overruled.
The FERPA objection is overruled for the same reasons set forth above regarding Interrogatory #12. shall be redacted and produced. Requests for Production #16 and #17: The defendants object to these requests as overly broad and burdensome. made no showing of burden. overruled. Defendants have Responsive educational records
Defendant's overbreadth objection is
To the extent the plaintiff is aware of specific
incidents, plaintiff's counsel shall provide a list of those incidents to defense counsel within five days of this order. However, the defendant shall produce responsive records as to all incidents, including any incidents of which the plaintiff is not aware. The defendants' FERPA objections are overruled for the Responsive educational records
same reasons set forth above. shall be redacted and produced.
This is not a recommended ruling.
This is a discovery ruling
and order which is reviewable pursuant to the "clearly erroneous" statutory standard of review. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a); and D. Conn. L. Civ. R. 72.2. As such, it is an
order of the Court unless reversed or modified by the district judge upon motion timely made. SO ORDERED at Hartford, Connecticut this 18th day of November, 2010. _________/s/___________________ Donna F. Martinez United States Magistrate Judge
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