Daniels v. Murphy et al
ORDER denying 68 Motion for Order; denying 74 Motion for Preliminary Injunction. Signed by Judge Stefan R. Underhill on 3/20/2014. (Martin, M.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
CASE NO. 3:11CV286(SRU)
BRIAN MURPHY, ET AL.
RULING ON PENDING MOTIONS
The plaintiff is currently incarcerated at Corrigan-Radgowski Correctional Institution in
Uncasville, Connecticut (“Corrigan-Radgowski”). Pending before the court are plaintiff’s
motions for injunctive relief. For the reasons set forth below, the motions are denied.
In the first motion, the plaintiff states that he suffers from hip, back, leg, knee, ankle and
foot pain and his health is deteriorating rapidly. He seeks a court order directing the defendants
to send him to University of Connecticut Health Center (“UCONN”) to see an orthopedic
surgeon. In particular, he would like to undergo an MRI to assess his lumbar spine to determine
whether the condition of his spine requires surgery.
In the second motion for injunctive relief, the plaintiff states that on October 11, 2013, a
physician at Corrigan-Radgowski sent a request to the Utilization Review Committee (“URC”)
seeking authorization to send him to UCONN for an MRI of his spine. The URC approved the
request on October 18, 2013. The plaintiff underwent an MRI of his spine on November 25,
2013. The results of the MRI reflected worsening discopathy with evidence of nerve pressure.
That same day, a physician submitted a request to URC seeking authorization to send the
plaintiff to see a neurosurgeon at UCONN. On December 3, 2013, the URC approved the
request for an evaluation by a neurosurgeon. The plaintiff claims that at some point medical
personnel at Corrigan-Radgowski informed him that his appointment with the neurosurgeon had
The defendants have responded to the plaintiff’s motions and indicate that Dr. Kotler, the
neurosurgeon who was scheduled to examine the plaintiff, canceled the appointment because he
wanted the plaintiff to undergo a course of Epidural Steroid Injection (ESI) treatment before he
examined the plaintiff. The medical director for the Department of Correction approved the
suggested course of ESI treatment for a period of several weeks. On February 14, 2014, medical
staff administered the ESI treatment to the plaintiff’s back. On February 20, 2014, Dr.
Immordino examined the plaintiff. Dr. Immordino submitted a new request to the URC because
the plaintiff had complained that the ESI had not been effective, even though the plaintiff had not
completed his course of ESI treatment. Dr. Immordino indicated that he submitted the request to
the URC because he knew that it would be weeks before the URC reviewed the request and by
that time he would know whether in fact the ESI treatment had been effective. Dr. Immordino
opined that it is his understanding that ESI treatment may take several weeks before any
improvement in a patient’s condition can be seen. (See Mem. Opp’n Mot. Prelim. Inj., Ex. 1,
Doc. No. 76.)
In this circuit the standard for injunctive relief is well established. To warrant
preliminary injunctive relief, the moving party “must demonstrate (1) that it will be irreparably
harmed in the absence of an injunction, and (2) either (a) a likelihood of success on the merits or
(b) sufficiently serious questions going to the merits of the case to make them a fair ground for
litigation, and a balance of hardships tipping decidedly in its favor.” Brewer v. West Irondequoit
Central Sch. Dist., 212 F.3d 738, 743-44 (2d Cir. 2000).
The court must have in personam jurisdiction over a person before it can validly enter an
injunction against him or her. See Doctor’s Assocs., Inc. v. Reinert & Duree, P.C., 191 F.3d
297, 302 (2d Cir. 1999); 11A Charles A. Wright, Arthur R. Miller & Mary Kay Kane, Federal
Practice and Procedure § 2956, at 335 (2d ed. 2001) (“A court ordinarily does not have power to
issue an order against a person who is not a party and over whom it has not acquired in personam
jurisdiction.”); Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(d) (providing, in pertinent part, that “[e]very order granting an
injunction . . . is binding only upon the parties to the action . . . .”). The plaintiff seeks medical
treatment from prison officials at Corrigan-Radgowski where he is currently incarcerated. The
defendants in this action are prison officials from Northern. The court lacks personal jurisdiction
over the medical personnel at Corrigan-Radgowski. Thus, the court cannot order those
individuals to provide the plaintiff with the medical treatment or testing that he seeks.
Furthermore, it is apparent that the relief sought by the plaintiff has been provided by
medical personnel at Corrigan-Radgowski and medical personnel at UCONN. The plaintiff
underwent an MRI of his spine at UCONN on November 25, 2013, and as of the end of February
2014, he was undergoing injections recommended by a neurosurgeon at UCONN. Thus, the
requests for injunctive relief set forth in both motions are moot. See Martin-Trigona v. Shiff,
702 F.2d 380, 386 (2d Cir. 1983) (“The hallmark of a moot case or controversy is that the relief
sought can no longer be given or is no longer needed.”). For all of the above reasons, the
motions for injunctive relief are denied.
The plaintiff’s Motion for Order [Doc. No. 68] and Motion for Preliminary Injunction
[Doc. No. 74] are DENIED.
SO ORDERED this 20th day of March 2014, at Bridgeport, Connecticut.
/s/ Stefan R. Underhill
Stefan R. Underhill
United States District Judge
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