Stanley v. Scott
ORDER DISMISSING CASE. Signed by Judge Stefan R. Underhill on 9/18/12. (Munoz, A.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
STEVEN K. STANLEY,
CASE NO. 3:11-cv-889 (SRU)
INITIAL REVIEW ORDER
Steven K. Stanley (“Stanley”), commenced this action while he was incarcerated. He has
since been released. Stanley alleges that Adam Scott (“Scott”), the State’s Attorney prosecuting
him for violation of probation, violated Stanley’s right to due process when he spoke to the judge
ex parte during the trial.
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A (2000), the court must review prisoner civil complaints and
dismiss any portion of the complaint that is frivolous or malicious, that fails to state a claim upon
which relief may be granted, or that seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from
such relief. Id.
In reviewing a pro se complaint, the court must assume the truth of the allegations, and
interpret them liberally to “raise the strongest arguments [they] suggest.” Abbas v. Dixon, 480
F.3d 636, 639 (2d Cir. 2007). Although detailed allegations are not required, the complaint must
include sufficient facts to afford the defendants fair notice of the claims and the grounds upon
which they are based and to demonstrate a right to relief. Bell Atlantic v. Twombly, 550 U.S.
544, 555-56 (2007). Conclusory allegations are not sufficient. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662,
129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009). The plaintiff must plead “enough facts to state a claim to relief
that is plausible on its face.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570. But “‘[a] document filed pro se is to be
liberally construed and a pro se complaint, however inartfully pleaded, must be held to less
stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.’” Boykin v. KeyCorp, 521 F.3d
202, 214 (2d Cir. 2008) (quoting Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007)).
Stanley alleges that Scott asked the court to dismiss Stanley’s key witness, his wife, while
Stanley was not in the courtroom. Scott is a state prosecutor. A prosecutor is protected by
absolute immunity from a section 1983 action seeking damages for virtually all acts, regardless
of motivation, associated with his function as an advocate. Dory v. Ryan, 25 F.3d 81, 83 (2d Cir.
1994). Stanley alleges that defendant Scott acted improperly during the violation of probation
proceeding. Because his actions are protected by absolute prosecutorial immunity, all claims for
damages against defendant Scott are dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(2).
Stanley also asks that Scott be disbarred and seeks relief from Scott for mental
anguish and emotional distress. An attorney’s violation of professional rules of conduct
does not itself give rise to a cause of action against her nor should it create any
presumption that a legal duty has been breached. Conn. Rules of Prof. Conduct, Scope
(2012). Rules of Professional Conduct for lawyers in Connecticut are “not designed to
serve as a basis for civil liability.” Id. Stanley’s request for discipline is dismissed
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1) without prejudice to his pursuing his concerns
through the state grievance procedures.
Stanley additionally seeks remedies for the alleged violation of his due process
rights. This court does not have jurisdiction to review claims challenging state court
proceedings. See D.C. Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462, 482 (1983); Rooker
v. Fidelity Trust Co., 263 U.S. 413, 416 (1923); Phifer v. City of New York, 289 F. 3d 49,
55-56 (2d Cir. 2002). “Under the Rooker-Feldman doctrine, federal district courts lack
subject matter jurisdiction over cases that effectively seek review of judgments of state
courts.” Phifer, 289 F.3d at 55. The only means by which a party may seek federal
review of a state court judgment is by petitioning the Supreme Court for certiorari. Id.
Accordingly, Stanley’s due process claims are dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
1915A(b)(1) without prejudice to his pursuit of those claims through the state court
In accordance with the foregoing analysis, the court enters the following orders:
The complaint is DISMISSED pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).
In light of this ruling, Stanley’s motion for service of the complaint [Doc.
#10] is DENIED as moot.
The Clerk is directed to enter judgment and close this case.
SO ORDERED this 18th day of September 2012, at Bridgeport, Connecticut.
/s/ Stefan R. Underhill
Stefan R. Underhill
United States District Judge
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