Patterson v. Labor Administrator et al
RULING denying 85 Motion to Compel. Signed by Judge Janet C. Hall on 2/14/2013. (Lewis, D)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
STATE OF CONNECTICUT
DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
ADMINISTRATOR, ET AL,
CIVIL ACTION NO.
FEBRUARY 14, 2013
RULING RE: MOTION FOR WRIT OF MANDAMUS (Doc. No. 85)
Once again, plaintiff Ronald Patterson has filed a motion seeking some form of
federal grand jury investigation related to a litany of constitutional violations allegedly
perpetrated against him by a wide array of individuals and organizations, including the
undersigned. In this Motion, Patterson asks for a Writ of Mandamus (Doc. No. 85) to
compel the United States Attorney to convene and present information to such a grand
jury pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3332. This motion is denied.
The court reiterates that Patterson has presented no evidence that such a grand
jury investigation currently exists. Nor is there any reason to believe that it does, in fact,
exist, as Special Grand Juries convened under 18 U.S.C. § 3331 only take place in
districts containing more than four million inhabitants, or follows a certified letter, in
writing, to the chief judge of that district from a representative of the Attorney General’s
Office. 18 U.S.C. § 3331. No such letter has been received here. Thus, even if
Patterson had standing to bring suit to compel presentation of evidence in an ongoing
special grand jury investigation to the grand jury, there is no grand jury to present it to.
Moreover, courts have generally found that no such standing exists. See Banks v.
Buchanan, 336 Fed.Appx. 122, 123 (3d Cir. 2009) (“Banks is correct that § 3332
requires the U.S. Attorney to inform the grand jury of information provided by ‘any
person’ about an ‘offense [ ] against the criminal laws of the United States.’ If does not,
however, confer standing upon Banks to enforce the U.S. Attorney’s obligation, as
Banks’s interest in the prosecution of AUSA Conway is not a legally protected interest.”)
(quoting 18 U.S.C. § 3332); Seargeant v. Dixon, 130 F.3d 1067, 1069 (D.C. Cir. 1997)
(“Insofar as Mohwish has a legally cognizable interest in collaterally attacking his
conviction by convincing a grand jury to indict the federal officers who, he alleges,
wrongfully prosecuted him, the vindication of that interest is too speculative (not to say
fanciful) to support his standing.”); but see In re Grand Jury Application, 617 F.Supp.
119, 201 (S.D.N.Y. 1985) (finding the plaintiff had standing, in an organized crime case,
to seek enforcement of the statute and have the United States Attorney present
evidence to a grand jury but determining as “critical” the fact that “plaintiffs do not seek
to compel the U.S. Attorney to prosecute the named defendants.”).
These observations are also joined with serious and obvious separation of
powers concerns presented by courts forcing the government to initiate a prosecution.
See Arnett v. Unknown, No. CV 11-5896-JAK(E), 2011 WL 4346329, *6 (C.D.Cal. Aug.
23, 2011) (collecting cases). Even if the court had discretion to convene such a grand
jury, which it does not, it would decline to do so given the absence of evidence of
criminal wrongdoing, and the myriad institutional interests implicated.
Lastly, the court reminds Patterson that the proper means of opposing this
court’s orders is to seek appeal, not to file effectively identical motions on the same
issues time and time again. Further motions based on this same argument, which has
been considered and rejected multiple times, will result in sanctions.
Dated at New Haven, Connecticut this 14th day of February, 2013.
___/s/ Janet C. Hall_______
Janet C. Hall
United States District Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?