Bailey v. Farrel et al
PRISCS-RULING AND-ORDER denying as moot 9 Motion for Conference; denying 10 Motion Declaratory Relief. The Clerk is directed to enter judgment for the defendants and close this case.. Signed by Judge Janet C. Hall on 5/11/2012. (Payton, R.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
WARDEN FARREL, et al.,
PRISONER CASE NO.
MAY 11, 2012
RULING AND ORDER
The plaintiff is currently incarcerated at Osborn Institution in Somers, Connecticut
and has filed a complaint pro se under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. He sues Warden Farrel, John
or Jane Doe Medical Supervisor at Bridgeport Correctional Center, John or Jane Doe
Medical Supervisor at New Haven Correctional Center, University of Connecticut
Correctional Health Management and John or Jane Does Unknown.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b), the court must review prisoner civil complaints
against governmental actors and “dismiss ... any portion of [a] complaint [that] is
frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted,” or that
“seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief.” Id. This
requirement applies whether the inmate has paid the filing fee or is proceeding in forma
pauperis. See Carr v. Dvorin, 171 F.3d 115 (2d Cir. 1999) (per curiam). Rule 8 of the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure requires that a complaint contain “a short and plain
statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
Although detailed allegations are not required, “a complaint must contain
sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on
its face. A claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that
allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the
misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (internal quotation
marks and citations omitted). A complaint that includes only “‘labels and conclusions,’
‘a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action’ or ‘naked assertion[s]’
devoid of ‘further factual enhancement,’ ” does not meet the facial plausibility standard.
Id. (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555, 557 (2007)). Although courts
still have an obligation to liberally construe a pro se complaint, see Harris v. Mills, 572
F.3d 66, 72 (2d Cir. 2009), the complaint must include sufficient factual allegations to
meet the standard of facial plausibility.
The plaintiff alleges that on December 13, 2010, Waterbury Police Officers
arrested him in Waterbury, Connecticut. At that time, he suffered from congestion and
fatigue and was under weight. In early February 2011, a Superior Court Judge noted on
the plaintiff’s mittimus that he required medical attention. At that time, the plaintiff was
incarcerated at New Haven Correctional Center and was coughing and having trouble
breathing due to fluid in his lungs. A correctional officer refused to bring him to the
medical department. Medical officials refused to see him in the medical department
until February 10, 2011. The plaintiff had not been permitted to eat for two days.
The plaintiff was admitted to the medical department and placed in a cell with a
mattress on the floor. Later that evening, a nurse sent the plaintiff to the University of
Connecticut Health Center (“UCONN”) after he started to cough up blood. Medical
personnel at UCONN treated the plaintiff’s symptoms with medications and diagnosed
him as suffering from MRSA pneumonia. The plaintiff remained at UCONN for about a
week. The doctors informed the plaintiff that he had suffered permanent breathing
complications and lung scarring.
On May 18, 2011, New Haven Correctional Center officials transferred the
plaintiff to Bridgeport Correctional Center. The medications prescribed by UCONN did
not arrive at Bridgeport Correctional Center until one month after his transfer. In
September 2011, the plaintiff again began to cough and an officer escorted the plaintiff
to the medical department. The medical staff diagnosed the plaintiff as suffering from a
fever and prescribed medication. The medical staff refused to otherwise treat the
plaintiff’s other symptoms, such as shortness of breath, coughing up blood, inability to
keep food down, headaches, and chest pain.
On September 20, 2011, officers escorted the plaintiff to the medical department
because he had been coughing up blood. An x-ray revealed pneumonia. Medical staff
confined the plaintiff in the infirmary and prescribed medication to treat his pneumonia.
Medical staff discharged the plaintiff from the infirmary on September 23, 2011, before a
physician had examined him. The plaintiff seeks monetary damages and an injunction
directing the defendants to release his medical records and to provide him with medical
The plaintiff describes the University of Connecticut Correctional Managed Health
Care as the entity that provides medical care to inmates confined in Department of
Correction facilities. Like other state agencies, the University of Connecticut
Correctional Managed Health Care is not a person within the meaning of section 1983.
See Will v. Michigan Dep’t of State Police, 491 U.S. 58, (1989) (state and state
agencies not persons within meaning of 42 U.S.C. § 1983); Gaby v. Board of Trustees
of Community Technical Colleges, 348 F.3d 62, 63 (2d Cir. 2003) (per curiam) (noting
decisions holding that state universities and their boards of trustees are not persons
within the meaning of section 1983); Stewart v. John Dempsey Hospital, No.
3:03cv1703 (WWE), 2004 WL 78145, at *2 (D. Conn. Jan. 9, 2004) (holding that John
Dempsey Hospital University of Connecticut Health Center is not a person within the
meaning of section 1983). Accordingly, all claims against the University of Connecticut
Correctional Managed Health Care are dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1).
Warden Farrel of Bridgeport Correctional Center is included in the caption of the
complaint and description of parties. The plaintiff does not, however, assert any
allegations against Warden Farrel in the body of the Complaint. As such, the plaintiff
has not alleged that Warden Farrel violated his constitutionally or federally protected
rights. The claims against Warden Farrel are dismissed for failure to state a claim upon
which relief may be granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1).
The plaintiff seeks injunctive relief from all of the defendants relating to his
medical care and medical records at Bridgeport and New Haven Correctional Centers.
The Second Circuit has held that an inmate’s request for injunctive relief against
correctional staff or conditions of confinement at a particular correctional institution
becomes moot when the inmate is discharged or transferred to a different correctional
institution. See Mawhinney v. Henderson, 542 F.2d 1, 2 (2d Cir. 1976). See also
Martin-Trigona v. Shiff, 702 F.2d 380, 386 (2d Cir. 1983) (“The hallmark of a moot case
or controversy is that the relief sought can no longer be given or is no longer needed”).
Other courts concur with this result. See, e.g., McAlpine v. Thompson, 187 F.3d 1213,
1215 (10th Cir. 1999) (noting that an inmate’s claim for prospective injunctive relief
regarding conditions of confinement is rendered moot upon his release from
The plaintiff has now been sentenced and is incarcerated at Osborn Correctional
Institution. Thus, his claims for injunctive relief regarding his confinement and medical
treatment at Bridgeport and New Haven Correctional Centers are moot and are
dismissed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1).
The plaintiff has also named John Doe Medical Supervisors at both Bridgeport
and New Haven Correctional Centers as well as unidentified John or Jane Does. The
plaintiff does not specifically refer to any of the Doe defendants in the body of the
complaint. As such, the plaintiff has not alleged that the defendant John or Jane Does
have violated his federally or constitutionally protected rights. All claims against the
John and Jane Doe defendants are dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1) as
lacking an arguable legal or factual basis.
In accordance with the foregoing analysis, the court enters the following orders:
The claims in the Complaint against all defendants are DISMISSED
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1). The Motion for a Pretrial Conference [Doc. No. 9]
is DENIED as moot. The plaintiff has also filed a Motion for Declaratory Relief [Doc.
No. 10] challenging the constitutionality of several State of Connecticut criminal
kidnaping statutes. As this Motion pertains to statutes that are completely unrelated to
the allegations in the Complaint, the Motion is DENIED. If the plaintiff chooses to
appeal this decision, he may not do so in forma pauperis, because such an appeal
would not be taken in good faith. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3). The Clerk is directed to
enter judgment for the defendants and close this case.
The court will permit the plaintiff thirty days to file a motion to reopen
accompanied by a proposed amended complaint if he can identify and allege the
personal involvement of individual medical personnel and/or correctional staff at New
Haven and Bridgeport Correctional Centers who, in 2011, denied or delayed medical
treatment for his medical conditions.
(2) The Pro Se Prisoner Litigation Office shall send a courtesy copy of the
Complaint and this Initial Review Order to the Connecticut Attorney General and the
Department of Correction Legal Affairs Unit and a copy of this Ruling and Order to the
Dated at Bridgeport, Connecticut, this 11th day of May, 2012.
/s/ Janet C. Hall
Janet C. Hall
United States District Judge
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