Garnet Analytics, Inc. v. Diversified Solutions, Inc. et al
RULING granting re 96 MOTION Discovery Sanctions and/or Compliance Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 37 filed by Garnet Analytics, Inc. Plaintiff's Rule 37 request for attorneys' fees and costs is granted. Plaintiff will file a motion for costs and fees with supporting documentation within thirty (30) days. Signed by Judge Holly B. Fitzsimmons on 8/27/13.(Esposito, A.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
GARNET ANALYTICS, INC.
DIVERSIFIED SOLUTIONS, INC.,
MICHAEL LUNDY, and BRIAN SOL
CIV. NO. 3:12CV716 (WWE)
RULING ON PLAINTIFF’S MOTION PURSUANT TO FED. R. CIV. P. 37 FOR
FAILURE TO RESPOND TO DISCOVERY
Plaintiff, Garnet Analytics, Inc., (“Garnet”), brings this
action to recover payment and damages for breach of contract.1
[Doc. #1; Doc. #27 at 1]. Defendants are Diversified Solutions,
Inc., (“DSI”); Michael Lundy, President of DSI, and Brian Sol,
Vice President of DSI (collectively “defendants”).
On March 4, 2013, plaintiff moved for an order of discovery
sanctions and/or compliance pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 37.
Plaintiff seeks an order precluding defendants from introducing
or relying on any evidence or documentation not provided in
response to Garnet’s discovery requests, and from introducing or
By complaint dated May 14, 2012, plaintiff alleges breach of
contract (against DSI), breach of the implied covenant of good
faith and fair dealing (against DSI), promissory estoppel
(against DSI), quantum meruit (against DSI), negligent
misrepresentation (against DSI), fraud (against all defendants),
and violation of the Connecticut Unfair Trade Practices Act
(“CUTPA”), Conn. Gen. Stat. §42-110a to 110q (against DSI).
relying on any expert testimony not adequately disclosed by
defendants or, in the alternative, for an order directing
defendants to cure the defects in their discovery responses and
expert disclosures by a date certain. [Doc. #96].
On December 10, 2012, plaintiff served its First Set of
Interrogatories and Production Requests on defendants. During a
status conference held on January 3, 2013, defendants
represented that they would make expert disclosures as part of
their discovery responses by January 10, 2013. This
representation was memorialized in a court order. [Doc. #74].
Defendants failed to assert any objections to the discovery
requests, failed to provide any responses and failed to make
expert disclosures in conformity with Fed. R. Civ. P.
A hearing on plaintiff’s Application for
Prejudgment Remedy was begun on January 30, 2013. Defendants
provided responses to plaintiff’s First Set of Interrogatories
and Production Requests on February 8, 11 and 26, 2013. [Doc.
#98, Aff. Att. McCormack].
Counsel conferred in an effort to
resolve their issues with the discovery requests and responses.
D. Conn. L. Civ. R. 37(a).
A continued hearing on the PJR
was held on March 11, 12 and 13, 2013. On March 13, 2013,
plaintiff filed a Supplemental Memorandum in Support of Motion
Pursuant to Rule 37, contending that the additional materials
received from defendants’ counsel on March 7, 2013 conclusively
demonstrated a lack of good faith in the discovery conference
process. [Doc. #104].
On March 14, 2013, the Court granted plaintiff’s
Application for a Prejudgment Remedy and granted in part
plaintiff’s Motion Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 37 for Failure to
Respond to Discovery.1 The Court reserved on the remainder of the
relief requested until defendants filed a brief in opposition.
On April 8 and 12, 2013, defendants filed a response and
supplemental response. [Doc. #123, 125]. On May 6, 2013,
plaintiff filed reply brief and supplemental memorandum.2 [Doc.
#139, 140]. Defendants filed a supplemental memorandum in
further opposition on May 10, 2013. [Doc. #142]. Plaintiff filed
a reply to defendants’ supplemental memorandum on May 31, 2013.
[Doc. #152]. Oral argument was held on August 26, 2013.
Plaintiff’s Motion Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 37 for
Failure to Respond to Discovery [Doc. #96] is GRANTED.
The Court finds that defendants failed to file timely
responses or objections to plaintiff’s First Set of
Interrogatories and Production Requests dated December 10, 2012,
Because plaintiff’s counsel was unable to cross-examine
witnesses offered by defendants, due to the failure to provide
discovery materials as ordered, the Court considered only
plaintiff’s witnesses in ruling on the PJR. See Tr. 3/13/13 at
Plaintiff filed a corrected exhibit G to its Second
Supplemental Memorandum on May 14, 2013. [Doc. #148].
and failed to cure the deficiencies despite ample opportunity to
do so. Objections to plaintiff’s discovery requests were waived.
Fact and expert discovery is closed and defendants are limited
to the discovery responses and production provided. In addition,
defendants have made no expert disclosure pursuant to Fed. R.
Civ. P. 26(a)(2)(B), and are precluded from offering any expert
testimony at the continued PJR hearing or at trial.
On March 13, 2013, defendants offered testimony from Gary
Kondler about the amount of time he spent on the approximately
80 “binders” he has prepared for DSI clients on behalf of
Kondler and Associates. See Tr. 3/13/13 at 30-181.
counsel had a continuing objection to the testimony, based in
part on defendants’ failure to provide any discovery as to the
witness’ work product, and was unable to conduct a meaningful
cross-examination of the witness.
The Court chose to grant the PJR against defendant DSI,
based on the testimony presented by plaintiff, with the
reservation that when defendants provided discovery that would
enable plaintiff’s counsel to conduct a meaningful crossexamination of Mr. Kondler, Mr. Lundy, and any other defense
witnesses, the Court would reconsider the PJR in light of any
counterclaims, offsets and defenses.
Defendants discharged counsel who represented them at the
PJR hearing, and successor counsel made supplemental disclosures
as detailed in the motion papers [doc. ##123, 125, 142], and at
argument on August 26.
Successor counsel subsequently withdrew,
and defendants retained current counsel from Halloran and Sage.
Notwithstanding the Court’s admonitions on March 13 and the
then-pending motion to strike the Kondler testimony, there has
been no production to date of the work product underlying Mr.
Kondler’s testimony or other documents or electronic data which
would permit plaintiff or the Court to determine how comparable
the Kondler work is to the work performed by Garnet. Currently,
defendants are asserting that the accountant client privilege
precludes them from providing any documentation. New counsel are
not in a position to explain why defendants cannot waive this
privilege as the client, despite the fact that they have a
contractual right to all of Kondler’s work product.
failure to produce any of the requested material from Kondler,
including transmittals from DSI to Kondler, deprives plaintiff
of any meaningful opportunity to cross-examine defense witnesses
or to challenge defendants’ defense theory. New counsel has
requested a final opportunity to remedy this failure. If
complete disclosures are not made by September 4, the motion to
strike Kondler’s testimony will be granted and defendants will
be precluded from relying on any experience with Kondler and
Associates in the presentation of their defense.
Plaintiff’s Rule 37 request for attorneys’ fees and costs
is GRANTED. Plaintiff will file a motion for costs and fees with
supporting documentation within thirty (30) days.
A continued hearing on plaintiff’s Application for
Prejudgment Remedy is scheduled for September 9, 10 and 11,
The parties will exchange supplemental exhibits by the
close of business on September 4, 2013, and provide the original
and two copies to the Court with an updated exhibit list. The
supplemental exhibits will be premarked.
This is not a recommended ruling. This is a discovery
ruling and order which is reviewable pursuant to the Aclearly
erroneous@ statutory standard of review. 28 U.S.C. '
636(b)(1)(A); Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a); and D. Conn. L. Civ. R.
72.2. As such, it is an order of the Court unless reversed or
modified by the district judge upon motion timely made.
Dated at Bridgeport this 27th day of August 2013.
HOLLY B. FITZSIMMONS
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
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