Abelli v. Ansonia Board Of Education
AMENDED RULING: re 22 Ruling on Motion for Protective Order. Signed by Judge Joan G. Margolis on 1/22/2013. (Correcting docket entry #22)(Rodko, B.)
ABELLI V. ANSONIA BOARD OF EDUCATION, 12 CV 1432 (JBA)
1/22/13 – *AMENDED* ELECTRONIC ENDORSEMENT GRANTING IN LIMITED PART
DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR PROTECTIVE ORDER, filed 12/7/12 (Dkt. #12)
On or about March 2, 2012, plaintiff commenced her employment lawsuit against her
former employer in the New Haven Superior Court, which action was removed to federal court
by defendant on October 5, 2012. (Dkt. #1). Plaintiff recently filed an Amended Complaint
(Dkt. #21) on January 12, 2013, in which she alleges that she had served as a non-tenured
teacher at Ansonia High School from September 2007 through June 2012, first as a permanent
substitute and then as a Culinary Arts teacher (¶ 3), that from April 2011 through March 2012,
various employees of defendant, including Carol Merlone, Ansonia Superintendent of Schools,
suspected plaintiff of having mishandled school funds (¶¶ 4-9), and that at plaintiff’s request, a
public hearing was held on April 4, 2012, at which defendant upheld Merlone's prior decision
and terminated plaintiff’s employment. (¶¶ 10-14). Plaintiff alleges that the hearing deprived
plaintiff of her liberty interests without procedural due process of law. (¶¶ 13, 15).
Under the present Scheduling Order, filed December 3, 2012 (Dkt. #11), all discovery is
to be completed by October 1, 2013, and all dispositive motions are to be filed by November 1,
On December 7, 2012, defendant filed the pending Motion for Protective Order and brief
in support (Dkt. #12),1 regarding the scope of questioning at Merlone’s deposition. Six days
later, on December 13, 2012, U.S. District Judge Janet Bond Arterton referred the motion to
this Magistrate Judge. (Dkt. #14). Two days later, on December 15, 2012, plaintiff filed her
brief in opposition. (Dkt. #15). Defendant’s reply brief was filed on January 9, 2013. (Dkt.
#20; see also Dkts. ##16, 18).
In its motion, defendant seeks to limit the scope of Merlone’s deposition to the “nature
and extent of the process afforded the [p]laintiff following the notice of non-renewal[,]
[s]pecifically this process includes the April 4, 2012 hearing afforded the [p]laintiff and . . .
Merlone’s observations at the hearing[,]” as well as “[t]he fact of . . . Merlone’s delivery of the
March 22, 2012 non-renewal notice and the extent of its publication.” (Dkt. #12, at 2; Brief, at
7-8). According to defendant, “[t]he substance of the non-renewal notice and the facts and
conduct leading to its creation are specifically outside the scope of this stigma plus claim.”
(Dkt. #12, at 2; Brief at 2, 4-7).
In contrast, plaintiff argues that she is entitled to a full gamut of questioning, including
“the Superintendent’s supervision of the plaintiff, her criticism of the plaintiff, her motivation in
seeking to terminate the plaintiff, her basis for claiming that the plaintiff had stolen federal
money, and her credibility.” (Dkt. #15, at 2; Dkt. #12, Exh. C).
Not surprisingly, defendant understates what issues are relevant here, while plaintiff
Three exhibits were attached: copy of the transcript of the April 4, 2012 public hearing
[“Tr.”](Exh. A); copy of correspondence between counsel, dated December 5, 2012 (Exh. B); and copy of
e-mail communications between counsel, dated November 25, November 28, November 29, and
December 5, 2012 (Exh. C).
overstates them. Under defendant’s analysis, the relevant facts of this lawsuit begin on March
2, 2012, when Merlone delivered the non-renewal notice to plaintiff. What constitutes “due
process” for the April 4, 2012 hearing does not occur in a vacuum, and some context must be
given as to the process which drove the parties to that public hearing. Defendant is right that
the correctness of the ultimate decision is not at issue here, but plaintiff must be given some
leeway to inquire as to the steps that Merlone took in order to reach the March 2, 2012 notice
and then to reach the April 4, 2012 public hearing. Any defects in the prior steps have at least
the potential to disrupt any judicial imprimatur upon the propriety of the public hearing. To put
it more simply, a hasty and inadequate investigation leads to a higher likelihood that a public
hearing can be found to lack adequate due process. Thus, plaintiff may inquire as to what
steps defendant took prior to March 2 and April 4, 2012, but not as to the substance of the
investigation and whether defendant’s decision was correct.
And contrary to plaintiff’s position, she is not entitled to inquire as to the
Superintendent’s supervision of plaintiff, her criticism of plaintiff, her motivation in seeking to
terminate plaintiff, her basis for claiming that plaintiff had stolen federal money, and her
credibility, all of which are irrelevant to the issues raised in this lawsuit.
Accordingly, defendant’s Motion for Protective Order (Dkt. #12) is granted in limited
part to the extent set forth above.
This is not a Recommended Ruling, but a ruling on a non-dispositive motion, the
standard of review of which is specified in 28 U.S.C. § 636; FED. R. CIV. P. 6(a), 6(e) & 72; and
Rule 72.2 of the Local Rules for United States Magistrate Judges. As such, it is an order of the
Court unless reversed or modified by the District Judge upon timely made objection.
See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(written objections to ruling must be filed within
fourteen calendar days after service of same); FED. R. CIV. P. 6(a) & 72; Rule 72.2 of the
Local Rules for United States Magistrate Judges, United States District Court for the District of
Connecticut; Small v. Secretary, H&HS, 892 F.2d. 15, 16 (2d Cir. 1989)(failure to file timely
objection to Magistrate Judge’s recommended ruling may preclude further appeal
to Second Circuit).2
If counsel believe that a settlement conference before this Magistrate Judge would be
productive, they should contact Chambers accordingly.
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