Casablanca v. Commissioner of Social Security
ORDER re 2 MOTION for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis filed by Edwin Casablanca. For the reasons set forth in the attached Order, within 20 days, Plaintiff is directed to file a supplemental Financial Affidavit in support of his Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis, responding to all of the questions to the best of his ability. The Court will then reconsider his motion. The Clerk is directed to mail a new Financial Affidavit to Plaintiff along with this Order. Signed by Judge William I. Garfinkel on 10/2/2013.(Smith, M.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
SOCIAL SECURITY COMMISSIONER,
ORDER ON PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS
Plaintiff, Edwin Casablanca, has filed a motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis,
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915. Attached to his motion is the form “Financial Affidavit in Support
of Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915.” Applications to
proceed in forma pauperis trigger a two-step process of review by the district court. First, the
Court must determine whether the litigant qualifies by economic status and, second, whether the
cause of action asserted in the complaint is frivolous, malicious or without merit. Bey v.
Syracuse University, 155 F.R.D. 413 (N.D.N.Y. 1994).
With respect to the first step, the Court makes this evaluation based upon an affidavit
submitted by the litigant, including a “statement as to all assets,” and attesting to the fact that he
or she is unable to pay the required court fee or give security therefor. See 28 U.S.C. §
1915(a)(1); see Vann v. Comm’r of N.Y. City Dep’t of Corr., 496 F. App’x 113, 116 (2d Cir.
2012) (holding that a plaintiff seeking in forma pauperis status is required to accurately and
truthfully state his financial history and assets). If the Court finds that the plaintiff’s affidavit is
insufficient to provide an adequate basis for an in forma pauperis determination, the Court
should direct the plaintiff to file a supplemental affidavit providing information as to his or her
assets and liabilities. See Martinez v. Kristi Kleaners, Inc., 364 F.3d 1305, 1308 (11th Cir.
2004); see also Monti v. McKeon, 600 F. Supp. 112, 113 (D. Conn. 1984), aff’d, 788 F.2d 1 (2d
Cir. 1985)(Table) (holding that, although typically the court accepts at face value the sworn
allegations concerning the applicant’s financial status, the court may inquire into such allegations
and may demand more specific information, if necessary for a proper assessment of the
applicant’s financial status).
In response to virtually every question, Plaintiff has responded “N/A,” meaning “not
applicable.” For example, he has responded “not applicable” to whether he is receiving welfare
or unemployment benefits or whether he is receiving social security, disability or workers’
compensation. He has responded “not applicable” as to whether he owns property other than real
estate and whether he has cash or stocks and bonds. He has responded “not applicable” as to all
questions about his monthly obligations. Contrary to Plaintiff’s supposition that this information
is “not applicable,” it is extremely relevant to the Court’s determination of whether Plaintiff
should be allowed to proceed with his lawsuit without the payment of the filing fee normally
required of civil litigants under 28 U.S.C. § 1914.
Proceeding in forma pauperis pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915 is a privilege - not a right. It
is a privilege extended to those individuals unable to pay a filing fee when their civil action is not
frivolous or malicious. Holmes v. Hardy, 852 F.2d 151, 153 (5th Cir.) (“There is no absolute
right to proceed in court without paying a filing fee in civil matters.”), cert. denied, 488 U.S. 931
(1988). The purpose of in forma pauperis status under 28 U.S.C. § 1915 is to insure that litigants
will not be deprived of access to the courts because of their financial circumstances. Monti, 600
F. Supp. at 112.
Because Plaintiff has failed to submit an affidavit setting forth his income, assets, and
liabilities, as required by the form provided by the Court, the Court is unable to determine
whether Plaintiff satisfies the economic eligibility requirements for in forma pauperis status.
Accordingly, the Court orders Plaintiff to submit a sworn, supplemental “Financial Affidavit in
Support of Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915,” responding
to each of the requests for information to the best of his ability. Plaintiff shall submit this
supplemental affidavit within 20 days of the date of this Order. Failure to comply with this Order
or to obtain an extension of time will result in a recommended denial of Plaintiff’s in forma
SO ORDERED, this
day of October, 2013, at Bridgeport, Connecticut.
/s/ William I. Garfinkel
WILLIAM I. GARFINKEL
United States Magistrate Judge
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