Rogers v. Hines
ORDER. Plaintiff's motion for protective order 39 , which the Court has construed as a motion for preliminary injunctive relief, is DENIED. Plaintiff's motions to compel 44 and for sanctions 45 also are DENIED. Signed by Judge Michael P. Shea on 12/20/2016. (Connelly, L.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
GERALD HINES, et al.,
CASE NO. 3:16-cv-457 (MPS)
DECEMBER 20, 2016
RULING AND ORDER
Plaintiff Wayne Rogers, currently incarcerated at the MacDougall-Walker Correctional
Institution in Suffield, Connecticut, filed this case pro se under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. By Initial
Review Order filed May 4, 2016, the Court dismissed all claims against defendants Chapdelaine,
Guadarrama, Millian, Malorana, and Bennett. The case proceeds against defendants Hines,
Rivera, Anaya, Mahoney, Strange, Danek, Mclain, and Simmons1 on claims for sexual assault
and sexual harassment, use of excessive force, unconstitutional conditions of confinement,
supervisory liability, and deliberate indifference to safety. See ECF No. 13 at 10.
This ruling addresses Plaintiff’s motions for protective order, to compel and for
sanctions. For the reasons that follow, the motions are denied.
Motion for Protective Order
Plaintiff incorrectly identified this defendant as Simons in the complaint. The Court will use the correct
Plaintiff has filed a document2 entitled “Motion for a protective order” in which he
requests that “a protective order be placed against Defendants, Mahoney, Strange, Simmons, and
Mclain due to the allegations in the claim of excessive force and sexual assault.” ECF No. 39.
Plaintiff states that he sees Defendants Mahoney and Strange occasionally, Defendant Simmons
rarely, and Defendant Mclain daily.
Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, a motion for protective order is filed
pursuant to Rule 26(c). Protective orders are designed to address discovery abuses. See Seattle
Times Co. v. Rhinehart, 467 U.S. 20, 34-36 (1984) (protective orders, issued pursuant to Rule
26(c), allow courts to protect against discovery abuses); Burgess v. Town of Wallingford, No.
3:11cv1129(CSH), 2012 WL 4344194, at * (D. Conn. Sept. 12, 2012) (same). As Plaintiff does
not identify any discovery abuses, his motion is not properly filed pursuant to Rule 26(c).
Plaintiff appears to seek preliminary injunctive relief in the form of a separation order
between himself and Defendants Mahoney, Strange, Simons and Mclain. The Court will
consider Plaintiff’s request pursuant to Rule 65, Fed. R. Civ. P.
“[D]istrict courts may grant a preliminary injunction where a plaintiff demonstrates
irreparable harm and meets one of two related standards: either (a) a likelihood of success on the
merits, or (b) sufficiently serious questions going to the merits of its claims to make them fair
ground for litigation, plus a balance of the hardships tipping decidedly in favor of the moving
party.” Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians v. New York State Dep’t of Fin. Servs., 769 F.3d 105,
110 (2d Cir. 2014) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted). When the moving party
The document bears the case caption of another of the plaintiff’s cases. However, the individuals
referenced in the motion are defendants in this case, not the captioned case.
seeks “a mandatory preliminary injunction that alters the status quo by commanding some
positive act,” however, the burden is higher. Cacchillo v. Insmed, Inc., 638 F.3d 401, 406 (2d
Cir. 2011) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). The court should not grant
mandatory injunctive relief absent “a clear showing that the moving party is entitled to the relief
requested, or where extreme or very serious damage will result from the denial of preliminary
relief.” Id. (citation omitted). Here, Plaintiff seeks a mandatory injunction requiring either a
change in staffing assignments or his transfer. Thus, he must meet the higher standard.
Plaintiff makes no showing in his motion that he is entitled to the requested relief. Nor
has he demonstrated that he will suffer serious harm should the requested relief be denied.
Plaintiff alleges one incident of improper sexual contact occurring in 2015. Although he states
that he sees Defendant Mclain daily, he alleges no other incidents of sexual contact or
harassment. The Court concludes that preliminary injunctive relief is not warranted in this case.
Accordingly, Plaintiff’s motion is denied.
Motions to Compel and for Sanctions
Plaintiff has filed two motions addressing the delay in receiving Defendants’ motion to
dismiss. Defendants’ motion was filed on August 29, 2016, with a supplemental motion filed the
following day. On September 14, 2016, Plaintiff filed a motion seeking a copy of the motion.
On September 16, 2016, the Court denied the motion without prejudice to refiling if Plaintiff had
not received a copy of the motion to dismiss by September 21, 2016. See ECF Nos. 40, 43.
On September 21, 2016, Plaintiff filed a motion to compel stating that he did not receive
the motion. He also filed a motion for sanctions against Defendants for failure to timely serve
the motion to dismiss. In opposition, Defendants have filed a receipt signed by Plaintiff
indicating that a copy of the motion to dismiss was hand-delivered to him on September 21,
2016. In addition, the docket reflects that Plaintiff filed a memorandum in opposition to the
motion to dismiss on September 28, 2016, confirming that he did receive a copy of the motion.
As Plaintiff received the motion to dismiss by the date specified in the Court’s order, his
motions to compel and for sanctions are denied.
Plaintiff’s motion for protective order [ECF No. 39], which the Court has construed as a
motion for preliminary injunctive relief, is DENIED. Plaintiff’s motions to compel [ECF No.
44] and for sanctions [ECF No. 45] also are DENIED.
SO ORDERED this 20th day of December 2016 at Hartford, Connecticut.
Michael P. Shea
United States District Judge
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