Machia v. Republican American
ORDER DISMISSING CASE; denying 11 Motion to Appoint Counsel as moot. Signed by Judge Victor A. Bolden on 4/19/2017. (Williams, C)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
REPUBLICAN AMERICAN, et al.,
CASE NO. 3:16-cv-1598 (VAB)
APRIL 19, 2017
ORDER DISMISSING CASE
Plaintiff, Anthony Machia, is currently incarcerated at the Robinson Correctional
Institution in Enfield, Connecticut. He filed this Complaint pro se on September 21, 2016,
challenging several comments published by Defendants, newspaper Republican American and
reporter Brigitte Ruthman. Both Plaintiff and Defendants are residents of the State of
Connecticut. For the reasons outlined below, Mr. Machia’s Complaint is DISMISSED, and Mr.
Machia’s Motion to Appoint Counsel [ECF No. 11] is DENIED AS MOOT.
Dismissal is warranted in this case because the Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction
over Mr. Machia’s claims. “[I]n our federal system of limited jurisdiction any party or the court
sua sponte, at any stage of the proceedings, may raise the question of whether the court has
subject matter jurisdiction… Where jurisdiction is lacking, moreover, dismissal is mandatory.”
United Food & Commercial Workers Union, Local 919, AFL-CIO v. CenterMark Properties
Meriden Square, Inc., 30 F.3d 298, 301 (2d Cir. 1994). Under 28 U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1332, a
federal district court has subject matter jurisdiction in only two circumstances: “if (1) a federal
question is presented, or (2) when the parties have complete diversity of citizenship and the
amount in controversy exceeds the sum or value of seventy-five thousand dollars ($75,000).”
Layton v. Layton, No. 07 CV 4740 (SJF)(ARL), 2009 WL 412133, at *1 (E.D.N.Y. Feb. 17,
2009). Mr. Machia does not claim diversity jurisdiction, as both Mr. Machia and Defendants are
citizens of Connecticut. Therefore, Mr. Machia’s claims must present a question of federal law in
order for the Court to have subject matter jurisdiction over this case. See 28 U.S.C. § 1331.
Mr. Machia attempts to present a federal question by alleging that Defendants violated 28
U.S.C. § 1343. Compl. at 2, ECF No. 1. 28 U.S.C. § 1343 provides district courts with
jurisdiction over cases in which a plaintiff seeks one of the following forms of relief: to recover
damages for constitutional deprivations committed as part of a conspiracy to interfere with civil
rights in violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1985; to address the deprivation of constitutional or federal
rights under color of State law; or to recover damages or equitable relief under federal laws that
protect civil rights, including voting rights. 28 U.S.C. § 1343(a)(1)-(4). The provisions of 28
U.S.C. § 1343, however, are not applicable to Mr. Machia’s claims.
Mr. Machia does not identify a constitutional violation, nor does he allege a specific
violation of his civil rights under federal law. Mr. Machia’s claims relate exclusively to
allegedly defamatory statements and certain “violent and abusive” comments made by the
Republican American newspaper and reporter Brigitte Ruthman. Compl. at 3, ECF No. 1.
Neither of the named Defendants is a state official or an individual acting “under color of any
state law.” See Marshall v. Webster Bank, N.A., No. 3:10-CV-908 (JCH), 2011 WL 219693, at
*8 n. 6 (D. Conn. Jan. 21, 2011) (“Section 1343(a)(3)…imposes a literal ‘ state action’
requirement… The Complaint cannot be read to allege or seek relief for any action taken by a
state official or otherwise taken under color of state law or authority. Therefore, the reference to
section 1343(a)(3) does not support subject matter jurisdiction.”). Mr. Machia has not pled any
facts suggesting that Defendants conspired together to violate his federally protected civil rights.
See Friends of Falun Gong v. Pac. Cultural Enter., Inc., 288 F. Supp. 2d 273, 279 (E.D.N.Y.
2003) (dismissing claim under 42 U.S.C. § 1985, noting that “[t]o properly allege a conspiracy
claim, the complaint must contain specific factual allegations” and further determining that
Plaintiffs’ concession “that they do not claim any state involvement in the alleged conspiracy…is
fatal to their claim”), aff'd sub nom. Friends of Gong v. Pac. Culture, 109 F. App'x 442 (2d Cir.
2004). Mr. Machia’s claim of defamation (Count One) and his claim of threatening speech
(Count Two) are tort claims under Connecticut state law, and they do not present a federal
question for the Court’s consideration. See Gleason v. Smolinski, 319 Conn. 394, 430 (2015)
(noting that “defamation claims are rooted in the state common law”).
In the absence of any factual allegations suggesting a conspiracy to interfere with Mr.
Machia’s civil rights or a specific deprivation of Mr. Machia’s constitutional or civil rights under
federal law, Mr. Machia’s claims do not give rise to a federal question under 28 U.S.C. § 1343,
and his reference to this statute is misplaced. Thus, the Court lacks federal question subject
matter jurisdiction. This case is appropriately dismissed without prejudice to refiling in
Connecticut Superior Court.
Mr. Machia’s Complaint is DISMISSED for lack of subject matter jurisdiction, and his
Motion to Appoint Counsel [ECF No. 11] is DENIED AS MOOT. The Clerk of the Court is
directed to close this case.
SO ORDERED at Bridgeport, Connecticut, this 19th day of April, 2017.
/s/ Victor A. Bolden
VICTOR A. BOLDEN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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