White v. Doe et al
INITIAL REVIEW ORDER: Pursuant to the attached ruling, the Court issues the following orders: (1) The following claims are dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1): all claims pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1985; any claims against John or Jane Does, or against the State of Connecticut or Department of Correction; all PREA claims against Mazza, Quiros, Semple, Dzurenda, J. Maldonado, Wright, Barone, and McNeil; and the due process claims against Torres, Rinaldi, Quiros, Cote, Omara, a nd Hayles. The following claims will proceed: Eighth Amendment claims against Moriarty and Gargullo; and First Amendment retaliation claims against Moriarty, Colon, Torres, McNeil, J. Maldonado, and Warden Maldonado. (2) The Clerk shall mail a ser vice packet to plaintiff, who is responsible for serving all defendants that have not already been dismissed within 21 days of receiving the service packet. (3) Defendants shall file their response to the complaint, either an answer or moti on to dismiss, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12. If defendants choose to file an answer, they shall admit or deny the allegations and respond to the cognizable claims recited above. They may also include any and all additional defenses permitted by the Federal Rules.(4) Discovery, pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 26 through 37, shall be completed within six months (180 days) from the date of this order. Discovery requests need not be filed with the Court. ( 5) All motions for summary judgment shall be filed within seven months (210 days) from the date of this order. (6) The Clerk shall send a courtesy copy of the Complaint and this Order to the Connecticut Attorney General and the Department o f Correction Legal Affairs Unit. (7) Pursuant to Local Civil Rule 7(a), a nonmoving party must respond to a dispositive motion within twenty-one (21) days of the date the motion was filed. If no response is filed, or the response is not timely, th e dispositive motion can be granted absent objection. (8) If plaintiff changes his address at any time during the litigation of this case, Local Court Rule 83.1(c)2 provides that the plaintiff MUST notify the court. Failure to do so can result i n the dismissal of the case. Plaintiff must give notice of a new address even if he is incarcerated. Plaintiff should write PLEASE NOTE MY NEW ADDRESS on the notice. It is not enough to just put the new address on a letter without indicating that it is a new address. If the plaintiff has more than one pending case, he should indicate all of the case numbers in the notification of change of address. Plaintiff should also notify defendant or defendants attorney of his new address. (9) Plaintiff shall utilize the Prisoner Efiling Program when filing documents with the court. Signed by Judge Jeffrey A. Meyer on 6/13/2017.(Townsend, D.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
No. 3:16-cv-01874 (JAM)
JOHN DOE, Acting District Administrator, et
INITIAL REVIEW ORDER PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 1915A
Plaintiff Antuan White was incarcerated when he initiated this action, but he has since
been paroled and now resides in Bridgeport, Connecticut. He filed a complaint pro se and in
forma pauperis under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against numerous defendants for retaliation, cruel and
unusual punishment, and violations of his right to due process. After an initial review, I will
dismiss the complaint in part and otherwise allow the remainder to proceed.
The following allegations as summarized from plaintiff’s lengthy complaint are accepted
as true only for purposes of the Court’s initial review of the legal sufficiency of plaintiff’s
pleadings. On January 10, 2014, while incarcerated at Osborn Correctional Institution, plaintiff
saw a male correctional officer massaging the shoulders of Correctional Officer Wendy
Moriarty. Plaintiff told Moriarty that he intended to file a complaint against her to her
supervisors for this behavior, to which Moriarty replied with a threat that reporting her would
Plaintiff alleges that he suffered Moriarty’s consequences anyway: towards the end of the
month, Moriarty approached plaintiff’s cell and threatened to have him transferred to Northern
Correctional Institution if he did not masturbate in front of her when she came by his cell during
her next tour. Moriarty also asked plaintiff if he wanted to be in a relationship with her and,
although he said no, he complied with her order to masturbate in front of her because he feared
for his safety. After several incidents, plaintiff eventually told Moriarty that he would no longer
masturbate in front of her. Moriarty became upset, slammed the plaintiff’s door and stormed off.
Moriarty issued plaintiff a disciplinary report for public indecency, and Lieutenant Torres
escorted plaintiff to the restrictive housing unit. Plaintiff told Torres that Moriarty had threatened
him with transfer if he did not expose himself to her; Torres replied that he would report the
claim to his supervisors and agreed to be plaintiff’s advocate during the disciplinary hearing. But
the next day, Torres came back to plaintiff’s cell and advised him not to repeat his claim against
Moriarty to anyone else or otherwise Torres and his coworkers would physically beat plaintiff in
On March 3, 2014, plaintiff attended his disciplinary hearing without Torres as an
advocate.1 Plaintiff was found guilty of public indecency and received a punishment of loss of
commissary for 90 days, loss of phone privileges for 90 days, punitive segregation for 15 days,
and loss of 10 days of risk reduction earned credits.
On March 24, 2014, while plaintiff was still in the restrictive housing unit, he told
Captain Colon about another alleged incident of sexual abuse by Moriarty—an allegation that
Moriarty performed oral sex on plaintiff, see Doc. #1-1 at 24—and Colon reported this allegation
to Duty Officer Barone and Deputy Warden Wright. That same day, Colon and Torres issued
plaintiff a disciplinary report for falsely reporting this newly alleged incident against Moriarty.
Although Torres did not appear at the hearing to be plaintiff’s advocate, plaintiff appears to have had
assistance from two inmate advocates, Tacuna Grear and Marcus Price. See Doc. #1-1 at 8.
This disciplinary ticket was dismissed and expunged only days later, because it had been issued
at a time when no investigation into plaintiff’s allegations had been made.2
After this ticket was expunged, plaintiff grieved Torres for retaliation. In response,
Warden Maldonado put plaintiff on grievance restriction, prohibiting plaintiff from filing any
grievances or appeals relating to Moriarty’s original ticket against plaintiff for public indecency
or any other allegation of sexual assault against Moriarty, because his claim was being
independently investigated. See Doc. #1-1 at 54.
This independent investigation was a PREA (Prison Rape Elimination Act) investigation
through the Connecticut State Police. Several higher ups in the DOC were notified of the
investigation, including District Administrator Quiros, former Deputy Commissioner Semple,
and former Commissioner Dzurenda. Several Connecticut State Police troopers participated in
the investigation of plaintiff’s claim of sexual abuse by Moriarty, including Officer Mazza, who
interviewed plaintiff.3 Several other DOC officers in the PREA Unit, including Lieutenant
Maldonado and David McNeil, also participated in the PREA investigation.
By the end of August 2014, the Connecticut State Police closed the investigation into the
Moriarty incident for lack of evidence. Doc. #1-1 at 80. As soon as Lieutenant Maldonado’s
portion of the PREA investigation concluded, and with the approval of McNeil, Maldonado
Only after he had issued the disciplinary ticket did Colon later interview Moriarty regarding plaintiff’s
allegations. Plaintiff alleges that falsely reporting an incident was not prohibited at the time he was cited, and he
attaches the disciplinary code he was given in connection with his report that prohibits “giving false information.”
See Doc. #1-1 at 28. Later revisions of the disciplinary code specifically prohibit “falsely reporting an incident.” See
Administrative Directive 9.5 at 10, available at http://www.ct.gov/doc/lib/doc/pdf/ad/ad0905.pdf.
Plaintiff would later file a complaint against Officer Mazza with the Bureau of Professional Standards,
accusing Mazza of failing to properly investigate his PREA complaint; his complaint against Mazza was later found
by the Connecticut State Police to be unsubstantiated because plaintiff had refused to give a written statement. See
Doc. #1-2 at 20–21. Plaintiff also filed a complaint against Deputy Commissioner Semple for not ensuring a fair and
impartial PREA investigation; Acting Deputy Commissioner Rinaldi responded to this complaint by informing
plaintiff about his grievance options. See Doc. #1-2 at 2.
issued plaintiff a disciplinary report almost identical to the one Torres had unsuccessfully filed
against plaintiff: making a false report about Moriarty regarding sexual abuse. Plaintiff was again
ushered to the restrictive housing unit to await disposition of his new disciplinary ticket.
The hearing on this new disciplinary ticket was postponed several times at the behest of
correctional officers Cote and Omara, who were tasked with the investigation. Eventually,
Lieutenant Hayles found plaintiff guilty of falsely reporting the Moriarty incident, and imposed a
punishment of loss of commissary for 90 days, loss of phone privileges for 60 days, punitive
segregation for 15 days, and loss of 10 days of risk reduction earned credits.4 Plaintiff appealed
these sanctions, and his appeal was denied by District Administrator Quiros and later by Acting
Deputy Commissioner Rinaldi.
Meanwhile, in segregation between July 30, 2014, and August 13, 2014, plaintiff alleges
that he was denied clean sheets and clothes, was subject to 24-hour-illumination, and was denied
his one-hour-per-day of recreation. See Doc. #1-1 at 78. While in segregation, plaintiff verbally
reported these conditions to Captain Gargullo, who verbally directed plaintiff to stop falsely
reporting incidents. Doc. #1 at 28. Plaintiff was transferred in mid-October 2014 to WillardCybulski Correctional Institution and then later to Enfield Correctional Institution.
Plaintiff brought this action against the following defendants in their individual
capacities: former Commissioner James Dzurenda, former Deputy Commissioner Scott Semple,
former Acting Deputy Commissioner Monica Rinaldi, District Administrator Angel Quiros,
Warden Edward Maldonado, Deputy Wardens Wright and Barone, PREA Director David
McNeil, PREA Lieutenant J. Maldonado, Captain Luis Colon, former Captain Gargullo,
Plaintiff grieved the “excessive” continuances by Cote, Omara, and Hayles, which he contends was meant
to give defendants more time to formulate a reason to discipline him. The complaint was denied; it was determined
that the disciplinary hearing had been timely and that the continuances had not been improper.
Lieutenant Jose Torres, Lieutenant Hayles, Correctional Officers Wendy Moriarty, Cote, and
Omara and Connecticut State Police Officer Scott Mazza.5 He claims that he suffered
embarrassment and emotional distress, and seeks monetary damages and injunctive relief in the
form of expungement of plaintiff’s disciplinary record.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b), the Court must review prisoner civil complaints and
dismiss any portion of the complaint that is frivolous or malicious, that fails to state a claim upon
which relief may be granted, or that seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from
such relief. The Court must accept as true all factual matters alleged in a complaint, although a
complaint may not survive unless its factual recitations state a claim to relief that is plausible on
its face. See, e.g., Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009); Mastafa v. Chevron Corp., 770
F.3d 170, 177 (2d Cir. 2014) (same). Nevertheless, it is well-established that “pro se complaints
‘must be construed liberally and interpreted to raise the strongest arguments that they suggest.’”
Sykes v. Bank of Am., 723 F.3d 399, 403 (2d Cir. 2013) (quoting Triestman v. Fed. Bureau of
Prisons, 470 F.3d 471, 474 (2d Cir. 2006)); see also Tracy v. Freshwater, 623 F.3d 90, 101–02
(2d Cir. 2010) (discussing special rules of solicitude for pro se litigants).
Plaintiff also mentions several other people in his complaint that he does not name as defendants:
Connecticut State Trooper Gershowitz, Warden Kimberly Weir, and Deputy Warden Mudano. These putative
defendants will be dismissed from the case. Similarly, plaintiff does not allege plausible claims against any of the
unnamed “John Doe” or “Jane Doe” defendants. To the extent plaintiff attempts to name the State of Connecticut
Department of Correction as a defendant, I will dismiss that claim because Error! Main Document Only.neither
the State of Connecticut nor the Department of Correction is a person subject to suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See
Will v. Michigan Dep’t of State Police, 491 U.S. 58 (1989) (state and state agencies not persons within meaning of
42 U.S.C. § 1983); Torrence v. Pelkey, 164 F. Supp. 2d 264, 271 (D. Conn. 2001) (dismissing claims against
Connecticut Department of Correction because it “is not a ‘person’ within the meaning of § 1983”).
Eighth Amendment claims
At the outset, the Court concludes that plaintiff has sufficiently alleged a violation of his
Eighth Amendment rights by Officer Moriarty because of her alleged sexual abuse. The Eighth
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibits “cruel and unusual punishments.” U.S. Const.
amend. VIII. To prevail on an Eighth Amendment claim alleging unconstitutional conditions of
confinement, (1) “the deprivation alleged must be, objectively, sufficiently serious,” such that “a
prison official’s act or omission must result in the denial of the minimal civilized measure of
life’s necessities,” and (2) the defendant prison official’s state of mind must be at least “one of
deliberate indifference to inmate health or safety.” Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 834
(1994). A prison official may be found to be deliberately indifferent in a number of ways,
including by omission if she learns of the inmate’s complaints and fails to act within her
responsibility to respond to unconstitutional practices. See Warren v. Pataki, 823 F.3d 125, 136
(2d Cir. 2016).
Plaintiff’s allegations against Moriarty for sexual abuse—that she forced plaintiff into
receiving oral sex from her, and required him to masturbate in front of her under threat of
retaliation—if true, suffice to state an objectively serious harm, and a subjectively culpable intent
on the part of Officer Moriarty. See Crawford v. Cuomo, 796 F.3d 252, 257 (2d Cir. 2015) (“A
corrections officer’s intentional contact with an inmate’s genitalia or other intimate area, which
serves no penological purpose and is undertaken with the intent to gratify the officer's sexual
desire or humiliate the inmate, violates the Eighth Amendment.”). I will allow the complaint to
proceed against Moriarty on this claim.
Plaintiff also alleges an Eighth Amendment claim against Captain Gargullo for the
conditions of plaintiff’s confinement in segregated housing. He alleges that he was not given
clean sheets or clothes (and in fact was forced to wear other inmates’ used underclothes), was
denied even one hour of recreation per day, and was subject to 24-hour lighting. These
allegations, if true, suffice at this stage of the proceedings to be considered sufficiently,
objectively serious deprivations. See Walker v. Schult, 717 F.3d 119, 126–28 (2d Cir. 2013)
(conditions that prevent sleep, and failure to provide hygienic materials, may state Eighth
Amendment claim); Williams v. Greifinger, 97 F.3d 699, 706–07 (2d Cir. 1996) (clearly
established law that failure to provide one hour of exercise could constitute Eighth Amendment
violation). Plaintiff has also alleged that, during his confinement under these circumstances
between July 30, 2014, and August 13, 2014, he verbally informed Gargullo about these
conditions and that Gargullo told plaintiff to stop falsely reporting incidents, and did not remedy
the conditions. See Doc. #1 at 28. (Plaintiff later followed up with a letter to Gargullo on August
23, 2014, after he had been released from restrictive housing. See Doc. #1-1 at 78.) The Court
therefore concludes that plaintiff has plausibly stated an Eighth Amendment claim against
First Amendment Retaliation claims
Plaintiff also alleges myriad First Amendment retaliation claims. A plaintiff claiming
First Amendment retaliation must allege “(1) that the speech or conduct at issue was protected,
(2) that the defendant took adverse action against the plaintiff, and (3) that there was a causal
connection between the protected speech and the adverse action.” Holland v. Goord, 758 F.3d
215, 225 (2d Cir. 2014). “Only retaliatory conduct that would deter a similarly situated
individual of ordinary firmness from exercising his or her constitutional rights constitutes an
adverse action for a claim of retaliation.” Davis v. Goord, 320 F.3d 346, 353 (2d Cir. 2003).
Further, this circuit treats prisoner retaliation claims “with skepticism and particular care,
because virtually any adverse action taken against a prisoner by a prison official—even those
otherwise not rising to the level of a constitutional violation—can be characterized as a
constitutionally proscribed retaliatory act.” Id. at 352; Dorsey v. Fisher, 468 F. App’x 25, 27 (2d
Plaintiff alleges the following claims of retaliation: that Moriarty issued him a false
disciplinary report for indecent exposure as retaliation for reporting Moriarty’s contact with a
male correctional officer; that Colon, Torres, McNeil, and J. Maldonado issued him a
disciplinary report for falsely reporting an incident as retaliation for reporting Moriarty’s sexual
abuse; and that Warden Maldonado put plaintiff on grievance restriction for opposing other
retaliation he received for reporting Moriarty’s sexual abuse.
At this early stage of the proceedings, plaintiff has plausibly alleged a First Amendment
retaliation claim against each of these defendants. His report against Moriarty, both for her
conduct with a male correctional officer and with him, was protected speech. The alleged
punitive actions taken against him were adverse actions. And the temporal proximity between
plaintiff’s speech and the adverse actions leads to an inference of retaliation. See also Gayle v.
Gonyea, 313 F.3d 677, 683 (2d Cir. 2002) (temporal proximity is circumstantial evidence of
retaliation in First Amendment prisoner cases). Plaintiff’s retaliation claims against Moriarty,
Colon, Torres, McNeil, J. Maldonado, and Warden Maldonado may proceed.6
To the extent plaintiff claims a constitutional violation is established solely by the falsity of the
misbehavior reports against him, such a claim is not actionable other than as evidence of First Amendment
retaliation. See Boddie v. Schnieder, 105 F.3d 857, 862 (2d Cir. 1997) (“a prison inmate has no general
constitutional right to be free from being falsely accused in a misbehavior report”).
Plaintiff also alleges that several defendants—Trooper Mazza, Quiros, Semple,
Dzurenda, J. Maldonado, Wright, Barone, and McNeil—were negligent or ineffective in
investigating plaintiff’s claim under the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), 42 U.S.C.
§ 15601, et seq. But PREA does not create a private right of action for inmates, and so plaintiff
does not state a claim upon which relief under PREA can be granted. See Jones v. Forbes, 2016
WL 4435081, at *3 (D. Conn. 2016) (citing cases). The claims against Trooper Mazza, Quiros,
Semple, Dzurenda, J. Maldonado, Wright, Barone, and McNeil relating to their diligence in or
knowledge of the PREA investigation are dismissed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1).
Due Process claims
Finally, plaintiff’s complaint may be construed to allege denial-of-due-process claims in
connection with his several disciplinary hearings. The Fourteenth Amendment to the United
States Constitution provides that a State shall not “deprive any person of life, liberty, or property,
without due process of law.” U.S. Const. amend. XIV, § 1. The “standard analysis” for a claim of
a violation of procedural due process “proceeds in two steps: We first ask whether there exists a
liberty or property interest of which a person has been deprived, and if so we ask whether the
procedures followed by the State were constitutionally sufficient.” Swarthout v. Cooke, 562 U.S.
216, 219 (2011) (per curiam).7
Of course, the Due Process Clause protects both a right to “substantive” due process and “procedural” due
process. A substantive due process claim requires a plaintiff to show that government officials have deprived
plaintiff of a fundamental constitutional right and that they have done so under circumstances that are no less than
“arbitrary” and “outrageous,” typically as demonstrated by conduct that “shocks the conscience.” See, e.g., United
States v. Medunjanin, 752 F.3d 576, 590 (2d Cir. 2014) (substantive due process has generally protected “matters
relating to marriage, family, procreation, and the right to bodily integrity”); Natale v. Town of Ridgefield, 170 F.3d
258, 262–63 (2d Cir. 1999) (substantive due process standards violated “only by conduct that is so outrageously
arbitrary as to constitute a gross abuse of governmental authority”); Velez v. Levy, 401 F.3d 75, 93–94 (2d Cir. 2005)
(describing the “shocks the conscience” standard). Because the essence of plaintiff’s claim is that he was subject by
Moriarty to conscience-shocking sexual degradation in violation of the Eighth Amendment and otherwise retaliated
In the prison context (involving someone whose liberty interests have already been
severely restricted because of his or her confinement in a prison), a prisoner plaintiff must show
that he was subject to an “atypical and significant hardship . . . in relation to the ordinary
incidents of prison life.” Sandin v. Conner, 515 U.S. 472, 484 (1995). In Sandin, the Supreme
Court concluded that a prisoner who was subject to a disciplinary term of 30 days confinement in
restrictive housing did not sustain a deprivation of a liberty interest that was subject to protection
under the Due Process Clause. Id. at 486. Following Sandin, the Second Circuit has explained
that courts must examine the actual punishment received, as well as the conditions and duration of
the punishment. See Palmer v. Richards, 364 F.3d 60, 64 (2d Cir. 2004).
I cannot conclude that the discipline imposed on plaintiff as a result of his several
disciplinary processes—15 days each in restrictive house—is severe enough to infringe on a
protected liberty interest. And even if it did infringe on plaintiff’s protected liberty interest,
plaintiff has failed to allege that he was denied that liberty interest without being afforded due
process of law. The procedural safeguards to which plaintiff is entitled before being deprived of
a constitutionally significant liberty interest are well-established. These requirements include: (1)
written notice of the charges; (2) the opportunity to appear at a disciplinary hearing and a
reasonable opportunity to present witnesses and evidence in support of the defense, subject to the
correctional institution’s legitimate safety and penological concerns; (3) a written statement by
the hearing officer explaining his decision and the reasons for the action being taken; and (4) in
against in violation of the First Amendment because he opposed Moriarty’s conduct, I do not understand the
complaint to additionally allege a violation of substantive due process distinct from a violation of procedural due
process. See, e.g., Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386, 394-95 & n.10 (1989) (noting how Eighth Amendment
displaces parallel substantive due process claim for mistreatment of prisoners).
some circumstances, the right to assistance in preparing a defense. See Wolff v. McDonnell, 418
U.S. 539, 564–69 (1974); Sira v. Morton, 380 F.3d 57, 69 (2d Cir. 2004).
Plaintiff has not plausibly alleged any failure of notice, opportunity to appear, or a written
statement explaining the actions taken in his several disciplinary actions. He asserts first that
Torres reneged on his agreement to be plaintiff’s advocate, see Doc. #1 at 21, but that, alone, is
insufficient to establish a due process violation. See Harris v. Taylor, 441 F. App’x 774, 775 (2d
Cir. 2011) (“failure to comply with a state law or administrative directive does not by itself
establish a violation of § 1983”); Sira, 380 F.3d at 69 (no due process right to counsel or
confrontation at prison disciplinary hearing). Nor does it appear to be a violation of the DOC’s
administrative directives at all. See Administrative Directive 9.5 at 17, available at
http://www.ct.gov/doc/lib/doc/pdf/ad/ad0905.pdf (“If the appointed advocate cannot appear at
the hearing, another advocate may be appointed to assist the inmate, or for good cause, the
hearing may be continued.”).
Similarly, the allegations that Cote, Omara, and Hayles improperly continued plaintiff’s
hearing do not establish a due process violation because it appears that the hearing occurred
within the proper time period, as explained by Weir and Quiros in letters to plaintiff. See Doc.
#1-2 at 13–14, 18. See Harris, 441 F. App’x at 775. Plaintiff, therefore, received all the process
he was due under Wolff v. McDonnell, 418 U.S. 539 (1974), and his procedural due process
claims are dismissed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1).
Even if these allegations could plausibly establish a violation of plaintiff’s procedural due
process rights, it is clear that Torres, Cote, Omara, and Hayles are entitled at the least to qualified
immunity from plaintiff’s claim for money damages. Not every violation of the Constitution may
justify an award of money damages against a correctional official, because the doctrine of
qualified immunity protects government officials “from liability for civil damages insofar as
their conduct does not violate clearly established statutory or constitutional rights of which a
reasonable person would have known.” Harlow v. Fitzgerald, 457 U.S. 800, 818 (1982); see also
Carroll v. Carman, 135 S. Ct. 348, 351 (2014). As the Supreme Court has stated, “a defendant
cannot be said to have violated a clearly established right unless the right’s contours were
sufficiently definite that any reasonable official in the defendant’s shoes would have understood
that he was violating it.” Plumhoff v. Richard, 134 S. Ct. 2012, 2023 (2014). No objectively
reasonable correctional official would have believed that not being plaintiff’s advocate or that
requesting several (permissible) continuances deprived plaintiff of a constitutionally protected
liberty interest. These claims are dismissed to the extent plaintiff seeks money damages.8
Finally, plaintiff has also alleged a violation of 42 U.S.C. § 1985(3), which requires him
to show that (1) defendants were part of a conspiracy; (2) the purpose of the conspiracy was to
deprive a person or class of persons of the equal protection of the laws, or the equal privileges
and immunities under the laws; (3) an overt act taken in furtherance of the conspiracy; and (4) an
injury to his person or property, or a deprivation of a right or privilege. See Griffin v.
Breckenridge, 403 U.S. 88, 102-03 (1971); Dolan v. Connolly, 794 F.3d 290, 296 (2d Cir. 2015).
I will dismiss this claim because plaintiff has failed to show that the conspiracy was motivated
by a “racial, or perhaps otherwise class-based invidiously discriminatory animus.” Dolan, 794
Qualified immunity would also bar any due process claims against Quiros and Rinaldi, who merely
denied plaintiff’s appeals of this discipline. Finally, I am also not convinced that any claim for injunctive relief in
the form of expungement of the two fabricated incident reports, see Doc. #1 at 49, would not be moot in light of
plaintiff’s being paroled. See Administrative Directive 9.5 at 22, available at
http://www.ct.gov/doc/lib/doc/pdf/ad/ad0905.pdf (“Once an inmate discharges from the Department of Correction,
penalties and/or sanctions shall not resume should the inmate return to custody.”).
F.3d at 296. There are no allegations suggesting any defendant acted because of animus for
plaintiff’s race or some other class-based characteristic.
The Court enters the following orders:
The following claims are dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1): all
claims pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1985; any claims against John or Jane Does, or against the State
of Connecticut or Department of Correction; all PREA claims against Mazza, Quiros, Semple,
Dzurenda, J. Maldonado, Wright, Barone, and McNeil; and the due process claims against
Torres, Rinaldi, Quiros, Cote, Omara, and Hayles. The following claims will proceed: Eighth
Amendment claims against Moriarty and Gargullo; and First Amendment retaliation claims
against Moriarty, Colon, Torres, McNeil, J. Maldonado, and Warden Maldonado.
The Clerk shall mail a service packet to plaintiff, who is responsible for serving
all defendants that have not already been dismissed within 21 days of receiving the service
Defendants shall file their response to the complaint, either an answer or motion
to dismiss, pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12. If defendants choose to file an
answer, they shall admit or deny the allegations and respond to the cognizable claims recited
above. They may also include any and all additional defenses permitted by the Federal Rules.
Discovery, pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 26 through 37, shall be
completed within six months (180 days) from the date of this order. Discovery requests need
not be filed with the Court.
All motions for summary judgment shall be filed within seven months (210
days) from the date of this order.
The Clerk shall send a courtesy copy of the Complaint and this Order to the
Connecticut Attorney General and the Department of Correction Legal Affairs Unit.
Pursuant to Local Civil Rule 7(a), a nonmoving party must respond to a
dispositive motion within twenty-one (21) days of the date the motion was filed. If no response is
filed, or the response is not timely, the dispositive motion can be granted absent objection.
If plaintiff changes his address at any time during the litigation of this case, Local
Court Rule 83.1(c)2 provides that the plaintiff MUST notify the court. Failure to do so can result
in the dismissal of the case. Plaintiff must give notice of a new address even if he is incarcerated.
Plaintiff should write “PLEASE NOTE MY NEW ADDRESS” on the notice. It is not enough to
just put the new address on a letter without indicating that it is a new address. If the plaintiff has
more than one pending case, he should indicate all of the case numbers in the notification of
change of address. Plaintiff should also notify defendant or defendant’s attorney of his new
Plaintiff shall utilize the Prisoner Efiling Program when filing documents with the
It is so ordered.
Dated at New Haven, Connecticut this 13th day of June 2017.
/s/Jeffrey Alker Meyer
Jeffrey Alker Meyer
United States District Judge
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