G. Schnip Construction, Inc. v. Hill et al
ORDER denying 25 Motion to Dismiss. Signed by Judge Warren W. Eginton on 1/12/18. (Gould, K.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
G. SCHNIP CONSTRUCTION, INC
DASHWAN HILL and THOROUGHBRED
RESEARCH & INVESTMENTS, LLC
RULING ON MOTION TO DISMISS
In this action, G. Schnip Construction asserts claims of conversion, statutory
theft, fraud, detrimental reliance, and violation of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt
Organizations Act (“RICO”) against defendants Dashawn Hill and Thoroughbred
Research & Investments, LLC. Defendants have filed a motion to dismiss the claims of
conversion and statutory theft.
For the following reasons, the motion to dismiss will be DENIED.
The Court assumes facts alleged in the complaint to be true.
The genesis of this case is a contract between plaintiff and Mitchell Brands,
which is not a party to this action, for plaintiff to perform work on a project known as the
Garage by Richard Rawlings, a restaurant at Foxwoods Resort and Casino.
To induce plaintiff to execute the contract, defendants “sent what ostensibly
constituted proof of a financing document.”
Plaintiff undertook performance of its obligations under the contract until Mitchell
Brands refused to satisfy its contractual payment obligations. To induce plaintiff to
continue work on the project, defendants issued a “Monthly Statement of Account” that
represented that funds totaling $1,200,000 were set aside to be paid to plaintiff.
Plaintiff alleges that Mitchell Brands breached the contract by failing to pay
$1,579,184.72 owed to plaintiff; and that defendants have not provided the funding
represented prior to execution of the contract and have not transferred the funds that it
represented would be set aside for payment. In paragraph 25, plaintiff alleges that
defendants made representations to plaintiff that the payment of $1,200,000 would be
made so that plaintiff would be induced to continue working and would forbear from
commencing litigation. In paragraph 26, plaintiff alleges
In order to further induce [Plaintiff] to enter into the Garage Contract, to continue
working on the Project, to not commence litigation and to continue to provide
labor materials and services for the Project, [defendants] issued a Monthly
Business Statement of Account (Exhibit B) representing to GSCI that Sovereign
Global Servicing had among other things a credit facility of $641,475,696.40
available to [defendants]; and thereafter in February 2017 that [plaintiff] would be
paid as well as representing that it would "take Sovereign a few days to advance
the cash by Bank wire" to [plaintiff] the amount of $1,200,500,00.
At paragraph 29 relevant to count one of conversion, plaintiff alleges that “Defendants
took possession and/or exercised control of those funds which deprived [plaintiff] of the
benefit of those funds.”
The function of a motion to dismiss is “merely to assess the legal feasibility of the
complaint, not to assay the weight of the evidence which might be offered in support
thereof.” Ryder Energy Distrib. v. Merrill Lynch Commodities, Inc., 748 F.2d 774, 779
(2d Cir. 1984). When deciding a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, the Court
must accept all well-pleaded allegations as true and draw all reasonable inferences in
favor of the pleader. Hishon v. King, 467 U.S. 69, 73 (1984). The complaint must
contain the grounds upon which the claim rests through factual allegations sufficient “to
raise a right to relief above the speculative level.” Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S.
544, 555 (2007). A plaintiff is obliged to amplify a claim with some factual allegations to
allow the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the
alleged conduct. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662 (2009).
A valid claim of conversion or statutory or civil theft pursuant to Connecticut
General Statutes § 52-564 is established when a party shows ownership or the right to
possess identifiable money rather the right to the payment of the money pursuant to a
debt or contract. See Mystic Color Lab v. Auctions Worldwide, LLC, 284 Conn. 408, 419
(2007); Deming v. Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co., 279 Conn. 745, 772 (2006) (“action for
conversion of funds may not be maintained to satisfy a mere obligation to pay money“).
Under Connecticut law, conversion and statutory theft require that a plaintiff’s pleadings
identify specific property that plaintiff possess and that was converted by defendant for
defendant’s own use. Kopperl v. Bain, 2016 WL 310719, at *1 (D. Conn. Jan. 26,
2014). The complaint must allege an “unauthorized assumption and exercise of the
right of ownership over goods belonging to another, to the exclusion of the owner’s
right. Claude v. Wells Fargo Home Mortg., 2014 WL 4073215, at *12 (D. Conn. Aug.
Defendants complaint that plaintiff has pleaded possession or exercise of control
over the funds in conclusory terms. Defendant asserts that plaintiff’s claims are not
plausible without further specificity that would enable the court to draw a reasonable
inference that defendant is liable for the conduct alleged. Construing the facts alleged
most liberally, the Court finds it not wholly implausible that defendants could have
exercised control or taken possession of the funds represented to be set aside in a
fund. Defendants maintain that the funds were never released. The Court prefers to
resolve such factual questions on summary judgment. The Court will leave plaintiff to
For the foregoing reasons, the motion to dismiss [#25] is DENIED.
Dated this 12th day of January, 2018, at Bridgeport, Connecticut.
/s/Warren W. Eginton
Warren W. Eginton
Senior U.S. District Judge
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