King v. Gates et al
INITIAL REVIEW ORDER. The Court hereby adopts the attached Initial Review Order. Discovery due by 6/14/2018. Dispositive Motions due by 7/16/2018. Signed by Judge Michael P. Shea on 11/16/2017.(Taykhman, N.)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF CONNECTICUT
GATES, et al.,
CASE NO. 3:17-cv-1741 (MPS)
NOVEMBER 16, 2017
INITIAL REVIEW ORDER
Plaintiff Robert King, currently incarcerated at the Cheshire Correctional Institution in
Cheshire, Connecticut, filed this case pro se under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 asserting claims for use of
excessive force. The plaintiff apparently intends to sue as many eight defendants: Captain
Lewis, Lieutenant Rangel, and Correctional Officers Gates, Reynoso, Noyce, Simmons, Russo,
and Lukasiewski. As the plaintiff seeks only damages from each defendant, the Court considers
the defendants to be named in their individual capacities only. The complaint was received by
the Court on October 16, 2017. The plaintiff’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis was granted
on November 15, 2017. (ECF No. 9.)
The Court must review prisoner civil complaints and dismiss any portion of the
complaint that is frivolous or malicious, that fails to state a claim upon which relief may be
granted, or that seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 28
U.S.C. § 1915A. In reviewing a pro se complaint, the Court must assume the truth of the
allegations, and interpret them liberally to “raise the strongest arguments [they] suggest.”
Abbas v. Dixon, 480 F.3d 636, 639 (2d Cir. 2007). Although detailed allegations are not
required, the complaint must include sufficient facts to afford the defendants fair notice of the
claims and the grounds upon which they are based and to demonstrate a plausible right to relief.
Bell Atlantic v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555-56 (2007). Conclusory allegations are not
sufficient. Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). The plaintiff must plead “enough facts
to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570. Nevertheless, it
is well-established that “[p]ro se complaints ‘must be construed liberally and interpreted to raise
the strongest arguments that they suggest.’” Sykes v. Bank of Am., 723 F.3d 399, 403 (2d Cir.
2013) (quoting Triestman v. Fed. Bureau of Prisons, 470 F.3d 471, 474 (2d Cir. 2006)); see also
Tracy v. Freshwater, 623 F.3d 90, 101-02 (2d Cir. 2010) (discussing special rules of solicitude
for pro se litigants).
On April 5, 2017, the plaintiff was being strip searched at the Corrigan-Radgowski
Correctional Center. Officer Lukasiewski told the plaintiff to remove his shoes and slide them
back. He did so. Defendant Lukasiewski then instructed the plaintiff to turn around and pick up
his shoes and then turn back and face the wall. Again, the plaintiff complied with the order.
While the plaintiff was facing the wall, defendants Gates and Reynoso grabbed his arms
and tripped him, causing the plaintiff to fall to the floor. Captain Lewis and defendant Rangel
sprayed the plaintiff with a chemical agent while he was on the floor in a prone position.
Correctional Officers then began punching and kicking the plaintiff and stomping on his head.
The plaintiff began screaming. The incident was recorded on a hand-held video camera.
As a result of the incident, the plaintiff had an open cut over his right eye and a dent in
his skull. He experiences chronic headaches and loses consciousness if he strains himself, as
happens during strength training.
The use of excessive force against a prisoner can constitute cruel and unusual punishment
in violation of the Eighth Amendment. Hudson v. McMillian, 503 U.S. 1, 4 (1992); accord
Wilkins v. Gaddy, 559 U.S. 34, 34, 36 (2010) (per curiam). The “core judicial inquiry” is not
“whether a certain quantum of injury was sustained but rather whether force was applied in a
good faith effort to maintain or restore discipline, or maliciously and sadistically to cause harm.”
Wilkins, 559 U.S. at 37 (quoting Hudson, 503 U.S. at 7).
The plaintiff alleges that defendants Gates, Reynoso, Rangel, Lewis, and Lukasiewski
were involved in the use of force. The allegations in the complaint are sufficient to state
plausible claims against these five defendants. The plaintiff does not, however, mention
Correctional Officers Simmons, Russo, and Noyce in his factual allegations. Absent some
allegation that these defendants were present there is no factual basis for a claim against them.
Any claims against defendants Simmons, Russo, and Noyce are dismissed without prejudice.
The plaintiff may file an amended complaint if he can allege facts showing that defendants
Russo, Simmons, and Noyce participated in the use for force or failed to intervene in the use of
force by others.
The plaintiff also alleges that, while at Corrigan-Radgowski Correctional Center, he
complained to medical staff about headaches and was given no medication. As there are no
medical staff members named as defendants in this case, the Court does not consider this case to
include a claim for deliberate indifference to medical needs.
The Court enters the following orders:
Any claims against defendants Russo, Simmons, and Noyce are DISMISSED
without prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1). The plaintiff may file an amended
complaint to assert claims against these defendants if he can allege facts showing that defendants
Simmons, Russo, and Noyce participated in the use for force or failed to intervene in the use of
force by others.
The Clerk shall verify the current work addresses for defendants Lewis,
Lukasiewski, Gates, Reynoso and Rangel with the Department of Correction Office of Legal
Affairs, mail waiver of service of process request packets containing the Complaint to each
defendant at the confirmed address within twenty-one (21) days of this Order, and report to the
court on the status of the waiver request on the thirty-fifth (35) day after mailing. If any
defendant fails to return the waiver request, the Clerk shall make arrangements for in-person
service by the U.S. Marshal Service on him in individual capacity and the defendant shall be
required to pay the costs of such service in accordance with Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
The Clerk shall send written notice to the plaintiff of the status of this action,
along with a copy of this Order.
The Clerk shall send a courtesy copy of the Complaint and this Order to the
Connecticut Attorney General and the Department of Correction Office of Legal Affairs.
The defendants shall file their response to the complaint, either an answer or
motion to dismiss, within sixty (60) days from the date the waiver forms are sent. If they choose
to file an answer, they shall admit or deny the allegations and respond to the cognizable claim
recited above. They also may include any and all additional defenses permitted by the Federal
Discovery, pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 26 through 37, shall be
completed within seven months (210 days) from the date of this order. Discovery requests need
not be filed with the court.
All motions for summary judgment shall be filed within eight months (240 days)
from the date of this order.
Pursuant to Local Civil Rule 7(a), a nonmoving party must respond to a
dispositive motion within twenty-one (21) days of the date the motion was filed. If no response is
filed, or the response is not timely, the dispositive motion can be granted absent objection.
If the plaintiff changes his address at any time during the litigation of this case,
Local Court Rule 83.1(c)2 provides that the plaintiff MUST notify the court. Failure to do so
can result in the dismissal of the case. The plaintiff must give notice of a new address even if he
is incarcerated. The plaintiff should write PLEASE NOTE MY NEW ADDRESS on the notice.
It is not enough to just put the new address on a letter without indicating that it is a new address.
If the plaintiff has more than one pending case, he should indicate all of the case numbers in the
notification of change of address. The plaintiff should also notify the defendant or the attorney
for the defendant of his new address.
The plaintiff shall utilize the Prisoner Efiling Program when filing documents
with the court.
SO ORDERED this 16th day of November 2017 at Hartford, Connecticut.
Michael P. Shea
United States District Judge
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