Clouding IP LLC v. Google Inc.
MEMORANDUM ORDER Granting in part, Denying in part 14 MOTION to Dismiss filed by Google Inc. Signed by Judge Leonard P. Stark on 9/16/13. (ntl)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF DELAWARE
CLOUDING IP, LLC,
C.A. No. 12-639-LPS
Presently before the Court is Defendant Google Inc.'s ("Google") motion to dismiss
Plaintiff Clouding IP, LLC' s ("Clouding") claims of induced infringement and willful
infringement. (D.I. 14) The Court has addressed substantially the same issues in connection
with motions to dismiss in three related cases filed by Clouding. (See Civ. No. 12-641 D.I. 56;
Civ. No. 12-642 D.I. 77; Civ. No. 12-675 D.I. 61) For the reasons set forth in the Court's
Memorandum Order issued in those related cases, as well as the reasons set forth below, the
Court will grant in part and deny in part Google's motion.
Clouding filed this patent infringement action on May 22, 2012, asserting
infringement of nine U.S. patents ("the asserted patents"). (D.I. 1) On August 20, 2012,
Clouding filed a First Amended Complaint ("F AC"), adding claims of induced and willful
infringement. (See D.I. 11) Google moved to dismiss the FAC on October 18,2012. (D.I. 14)
Google contends that Clouding's inducement claims should be dismissed because
they: (1) do not allege Google had knowledge of the asserted patents prior to Clouding filing its
Complaint; and (2) fail to plead that Google had the specific intent to induce infringement. (See
D.I. 15) As to knowledge, the Court observes that Clouding's inducement claim is limited to
post-filing conduct; therefore, the allegation that Google obtained knowledge from the filing of
the Complaint is sufficient to state a claim for inducement. See, e.g., Walker Digital, LLC v.
Facebook, Inc., 852 F. Supp. 2d 559, 565 (D. Del. 2012) (finding that complaint provided
sufficient notice of indirect infringement claim limited to post-filing conduct). Clouding's First
Amended Complaint, however, does not contain sufficient facts to support an inference that
Google specifically intended or encouraged others to directly infringe. As a result, Clouding's
induced infringement claims against Google will be dismissed.
Turning to Clouding's willful infringement claims, Google moves to dismiss
because: (1) Clouding has failed to allege pre-filing knowledge ofthe asserted patents; and
(2) Clouding has not sought a preliminary injunction for any post-filing conduct. (See D.l. 15 at
The Court concludes that, for purposes of pleading willful infringement, there
appears to be little practical difference between a pre-complaint notice letter informing a
defendant about a patentee's allegation of infringement and a subsequently-superceded original
complaint formally alleging infringement. Because a pre-suit letter provides sufficient basis for
pleading knowledge in the context of a willful infringement claim, under the circumstances
presented here the original complaint is likewise sufficient. See, e.g., Cloud Farm Assocs., L.P.
v. Volkswagen Group ofAm., Inc., 2012 WL 3069390 (D. Del. July 27, 2012) (finding notice
letter sufficient to satisfy knowledge requirement for pleading willful infringement).
In response to Google's second argument, Clouding observes that the Supreme
Court's holding in eBay v. MercExchange, L.L.C., 547 U.S. 388 (2006), generally precludes nonpracticing entities from obtaining a preliminary injunction. As a non-practicing entity, Clouding
contends that it should not be punished for refraining from filing a motion that would not have
been warranted by existing law. (D.I. 17 at 2) (citing Fed. R. Civ. P. 11) The Court agrees.
Additionally, Clouding's willful infringement claims are not "based solely on the infringer's
post-filing conduct," as they are based, at least in part, on conduct predating the operative FAC.
In re Seagate Tech., LLC, 497 F.3d 1360, 1373 (emphasis added). For these reasons, the Court
will deny Google's motion to dismiss Clouding's willful infringement claims.
The Court will permit Clouding to file another amended complaint with respect to
the dismissed induced infringement claims. Amendment should be allowed "when justice so
requires." Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2). It is within the discretion ofthe Court to grant leave to
amend. See Foman v. Davis, 371 U.S. 178, 182 (1962).
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Google's Motion to Dismiss (D.I. 14) is
DENIED with respect to willful infringement and GRANTED with respect to indirect
infringement. Clouding is granted leave to amend its complaint. Any amended complaint must
be filed within twenty-one days ofthe date ofthis Order. Failure to file an amended complaint
within this time frame will result in dismissal of the induced infringement claims with prejudice.
September 16, 2013
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?