Jester v. State of Delaware Department of Safety and Homeland Security et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION re 16 motion for reconsideration. Signed by Judge Leonard P. Stark on 8/26/16. (ntl)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF DELAWARE
C.A. No. 14-1124-LPS
STATE OF DELAWARE DEPARTMENT
OF SAFETY and
Michele D. Allen, Michele D. Allen LLC, Hockessin, Delaware
Attorney for Plaintiff
Patricia Davis Oliva, Joseph C. Handlon, Deputy Attorneys General, Delaware Department of
Justice, Wilmington, Delaware
Attorneys for Defendant
August 26, 2016
STARK, U.S. District Judge:
Plaintiff Deborah Jester ("Plaintiff ') filed this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S .C. § 2000e-2) alleging employment
discrimination. Plaintiff filed her Original Complaint on September 3, 2014. (D.I. 1) ("Original
Complaint") On August 8, 2015, Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint. (D.I. 8) ("Amended
Complaint") On September 29, 2015, the Court granted a motion to dismiss (D.I. 9) the
Amended Complaint for failure to state a claim (DJ. 14).
Presently before the Court is Plaintiffs motion for reconsideration of the Court' s
order dismissing the Complaint. (D.I. 16) The motion is fully briefed. (See D.I. 16, 18, 20) 1
For the reasons that follow, the Court will deny Plaintiff's motion.
Plaintiffs Amended Complaint alleges that Plaintiff was employed by the Division of
State Police ("DSP"), an agency of Delaware' s Department of Safety and Homeland Security
("DDSHS"), and that Joshua Bushweller (along with DDSHS, "Defendants") served as the
Assistant Director of Human Resources for the DSP. (D.I. 8 iii! 3-4, 7) According to the
Amended Complaint, Plaintiff was placed in the DSP Weight Control Program ("WCP")
Generally, the Court does not permit replies in support of a motion for reargument. See
D. Del. LR 7.l.5(a) ("The Court will determine from the motion and answer whether reargument
will be granted."); see also Alabi-Shonde v. Patterson, 2014 WL 4954314, at *1 n.1 (D . Del.
Sept. 30, 2014). Here, Plaintiff nonetheless filed a reply (see D.I. 20) to which there has been no
request to strike. The Court has considered the reply, for reasons including that it drops one of
the bases for which Plaintiff was initially seeking reconsideration, as explained below.
on April 5, 2011 (id. if 23), was found to be in non-compliance with the WCP on May 18,
if 7), and was constructively discharged on June 2, 2013 (id. if 47).
Plaintiff filed suit under 42 U.S .C. § 1983, alleging that Bushweller failed to
provide her with due process by " [denying her] request to seek medical intervention by a
divisional health care provider," refusing to provide a factual basis for her constructive
termination, and failing to provide her with a pre-termination hearing before a neutral decision
The Court found that the Complaint failed to state a claim against
Bushweller. The Court reasoned that "while Plaintiff may have adequately alleged a violation of
her due process rights, she [did] not sufficiently allege that Defendant Bushweller was
responsible for any such violation." (D.I. 13 at 7)
LEGAL STAND ARDS
The purpose of a motion for reconsideration is to "correct manifest errors of law or fact or
to present newly discovered evidence." Max's Seafood Cafe ex rel. Lou-Ann, Inc. v. Quinteros,
176 F.3d 669, 677 (3d Cir. 1999). "A proper Rule 59(e) motion .. . must rely on one of three
grounds: (1) an intervening change in controlling law; (2) the availability of new evidence; or
(3) the need to correct a clear error oflaw or fact or to prevent manifest injustice." Lazaridis v.
Wehmer, 59 I F .3d 666, 669 (3d Cir. 2010). "Motions for reargument or reconsideration should
be granted sparingly and may not be used to rehash arguments which have already been briefed
by the parties and considered and decided by the Court." Ciena Corp. v. Corvis Corp. , 352 F.
Supp. 2d 526, 527 (D. Del. 2005). "Litigants who fail in their fust attempt to persuade a court to
adopt [their] position may not use a motion for reconsideration either to attempt a new approach
or correct mistakes ... made in [their] previous one ... [or] to argue new facts or issues that
inexcusably were not presented to the court in the matter previously decided." In re WR. Grace
& Co. , 398 B.R. 368, 371-72 (D. Del. 2008) (internal quotation marks omitted). A motion for
reconsideration is not intended to present a litigant with a "second bite at the apple." Bhatnagar
v. Surrendra Overseas Ltd. , 52 F.3d 1220, 1231 (3d Cir. 1995).
Plaintiff argues that the Court should reconsider its previous order because "the Court has
misunderstood the allegations set forth in [the Amended Complaint]" and because the Court' s
decision "relates to adversarial issues that were not presented." (D.I. 16 at 2, 8) In her reply
brief, Plaintiff withdrew the latter argument. (See D.I. 20 at 5 n.l ) The Court disagrees with the
Plaintiff has not persuaded the Court that it misunderstood the allegations set forth in the
Amended Complaint. In explaining why the Amended Complaint did not adequately associate
Bushweller with any potential civil rights violations, the Court conducted a detailed examination
of the allegations and found that the Amended Complaint described the problematic actions in
the passive voice, without any indication of who was responsible for Plaintiffs involuntary
termination. (See D.I. 13 at 7-8) In her motion to reconsider, Plaintiff does not identify any
allegations that the Court failed to consider, nor does Plaintiff explain how the allegations
support a plausible inference that Bushweller was responsible for Plaintiffs involuntary
termination. Instead, Plaintiffs motion for reconsideration simply quotes portions of the
Amended Complaint and then concludes, without justification, that the pleadings were sufficient.
(See D.l. 16 at 5 (" [I]t can be reasonably inferred that the person responsible for denying Plaintiff
her due process was Defendant Bushweller.")) Because Plaintiff did not identify a "clear error of
law or fact," reconsideration is not warranted.
Plaintiff's alternative request, to yet again amend her complaint (see D.I. 16 at 8), is also
denied. Given the Court' s reasoning, an amendment would be futile.
For the reasons provided above, the Court will deny Plaintiff's motion for
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