Robinson v. First State Community Action Agency
MEMORANDUM ORDER Denying Plaintiff's request for back pay. Any request for attorneys' fees or to otherwise modify the previously entered judgment should be timely filed. Signed by Judge Richard G. Andrews on 12/22/2016. (nms)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF DELAWARE
No. 14-cv-1205 (RGA)
FIRST STATE COMMUNITY ACTION
On December 7, 2016, the jury returned a split verdict on Plaintiffs
Americans with Disabilities Act claims. (D.I. 72). While the jury found that
Defendant "failed to provide her a reasonable accommodation by failing to engage in
good faith in the interactive process ... ,'' it also found that Plaintiff was not
terminated because she was regarded as disabled. (Id.) Now Plaintiff has requested
The remedies available to an ADA plaintiff are governed by 42 U.S.C. §
2000e-5. See 42 U.S.C. § 12117. Section 2000e-5(g)(l) gives me authority to award
back pay if I find that Defendant intentionally engaged in the illegal conduct,
namely its failure to provide a reasonable accommodation. Section 2000e-5(g)(2)
limits that power. Relevant here, § 2000e-5(g)(2)(A) does not allow a court to order
back pay if the plaintiff was "discharged for any reason other than discrimination."
The jury explicitly found that Plaintiff was not fired because she was
disabled, which necessarily means it found that she was fired for some other reason.
I agree with the jury's determination. I believe the essential facts are as
follows. 1 I do not think her direct supervisor's comment-what are you dyslexic?establishes that Defendant regarded her as disabled at the time it was made. It was
not until the HR manager was in receipt of the report from the school psychologist
saying Plaintiff had indicators of dyslexia that Plaintiff was regarded as disabled by
There was no issue of potential disability until after Plaintiff had been
disciplined twice for insubordination. The second such discipline was a three-day
suspension. The third instance of insubordination, occurring about two weeks after
the psychological report was given to Defendant, was when Plaintiff refused to sign
the ethics paperwork. Plaintiff said she refused to sign the paperwork because she
was not adequately trained as a housing counselor. The lack of training did not
occur in the two weeks between the report and her refusal to sign the paperwork,
but over the course of her whole time as a housing counselor. For some 95% of that
time, Defendant did not regard her as disabled. Thus, I think Defendant fired
Plaintiff for not signing the ethics paperwork, and not because of her request for a
reasonable accommodation. The refusal to sign was her third act of insubordination.
Further, I think it is perfectly consistent to find Plaintiff was fired for
insubordination but that the HR manager failed to respond appropriately to the
request for an accommodation.
A trial transcript has not been prepared.
Even though Defendant regarded Plaintiff as dyslexic and refused to engage
in an interactive process, it is more likely than not she was fired for other reasons.
Thus§ 2000e-5(g)(2)(A) precludes an award of back pay.
Plaintiffs request for back pay is DENIED. Any request for attorneys' fees or
to otherwise modify the previously entered judgment should be timely filed.
IT IS SO ORDERED this
~J..uay of December 2016.
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