Guilfoil v. Correct Care Solutions et al
MEMORANDUM. Signed by Judge Gregory M. Sleet on 1/8/2018. (jcs)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF DELAWARE
DALE A. GUILFOIL,
) Civ. Action No . 16-363-GMS
The plaintiff, Dale A. Guilfoil (" Guilfoil"), an inmate at the Sussex Correctional
Institution (" SCI"), Georgetown, Delaware, filed this lawsuit pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983
alleging deliberate indifference to serious medical needs. (D.I. 3.) He appears pro se and was
granted permission to proceed informapauperis pursuant to 28 U.S .C. § 1915.
Guilfoil began his incarceration on July 6, 2014. He has a spinal cord stimulator
implanted in his lower back and uses a cane. When he was first seen at SCI, he informed the
nurse about the stimulator, that he uses a cane, and was on a pain management regimen. On July
14, 2014, Guilfoil advised a physician that he needed to charge the battery of the stimulator and,
on July 22, 2014, told a physician that he needed a stimulator charger. Guilfoil was told it was
his responsibility to charge the battery and that he needed approval from security. Guilfoil's
public defender stepped in to assist him with the issue. On August 5, 2014, Guilfoil was called
to the medical office to use a borrowed charger, but the battery would not take a charge. In the
meantime, Guilfoil was ordered medication and received it initially, but it stopped in late July
2014. It appears he now receives it sporadically.
Guilfoil submitted numerous grievances regarding replacement of the battery. He was
told he would receive medication without interruption while at SCI (which did not happen), but
would not receive surgery to replace the battery. He seeks declaratory relief and compensatory
and punitive damages.
On September 15, 2016, the court screened the complaint and allowed Guilfoil to proceed
against the medical care provider Connections ("Connections"). (D.I. 7, 8.) On May 24, 2017,
Connections' entry of default was entered upon Guilfoil's request. (D.I. 13, 14.) Connections
moves to vacate the entry of default and to dismiss the claims against it. 1 (D .I. 17, 21.) Guilfoil
moves for default judgment. (D.I. 18.)
Entry of Default
Connections moves to set aside entry of default pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(c) and, in
tum, Guilfoil moves for default judgment. (D.I. 17, 18.) General counsel for Connections states
in his affidavit that he did not recall the delivery of summons and complaint in the instant case
and could not locate any communications with Connections' insurance broker and litigation
counsel as is his usual practice. (D.I. 17-1 at 2.) When general counsel received the service
packet on May 25, 2017 through interoffice mail, he immediately contact Connections' insurance
broker and litigation counsel. (Id.)
Given the affidavit of Connections' general counsel, the court will grant the motion to set
aside entry of default. (D.I. 17.) In addition, default judgment is not appropriate and, therefore,
Connections initially moved to vacate entry of a default judgment, but in its response amended
the motion to vacate entry of default, not default judgment. (See D.I. 21.)
the court will deny Guilfoil's motion for default judgment. (D.I. 18.) See Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(a),
(b); Hritz v. Woma Corp., 732 F.2d 1178, 1180 (3d Cir. 1984) (entry of judgment by default
pursuant to Rule 55(b)(2) is within the discretion of the trial court); Animal Sci. Prods., Inc. v.
China Nat'! Metals & Minerals Imp. & Exp. Corp., 596 F. Supp. 2d 842, 847 (D.N.J. 2008)
(entry of default judgment is disfavored as decisions on the merits are preferred.).
Motion to Dismiss
Connections moves to dismiss for failure to state a claim. The court assumes it seeks
dismissal pursuant to Rule l 2(b)( 6) even though Rule 12 is not mentioned in the motion. In
reviewing a motion to dismiss filed under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6), the court must accept all
factual allegations in a complaint as true and take them in the light most favorable to plaintiff.
See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007). Because Guilfoil proceeds prose, his pleading
is liberally construed and his complaint, "however inartfully pleaded, must be held to less
stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers." Erickson, 551 U.S. at 94. A court
may consider the pleadings, public record, orders, exhibits attached to the complaint, and
documents incorporated into the complaint by reference. Tellabs, Inc. v. Makar Issues & Rights,
Ltd., 551 U.S. 308,322 (2007). A Rule 12(b)(6) motion maybe granted only if, accepting the
well-pleaded allegations in the complaint as true and viewing them in the light most favorable to
the complainant, a court concludes that those allegations "could not raise a claim of entitlement
to relief." Bell At!. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 558 (2007).
"Though 'detailed factual allegations ' are not required, a complaint must do more than
simply provide 'labels and conclusions' or ' a formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of
action."' Davis v. Abington Mem '! Hosp ., 765 F.3d 236,241 (3d Cir. 2014) (quoting Twombly,
550 U.S. at 555). The court is "not required to credit bald assertions or legal conclusions
improperly alleged in the complaint." In re Rockefeller Ctr. Props. , Inc. Sec. Litig., 311 F.3d
198, 216 (3d Cir. 2002). A complaint may not be dismissed, however, "for imperfect statement
of the legal theory supporting the claim asserted." Johnson v. City of Shelby, 135 S. Ct. 346, 346
A complainant must plead facts sufficient to show that a claim has "substantive
plausibility." Id. at 347. That plausibility must be found on the face of the complaint. Ashcroft
v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). "A claim has facial plausibility when the [complainant]
pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the [accused] is
liable for the misconduct alleged." Id. Deciding whether a claim is plausible will be a "contextspecific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common
sense." Id. at 679.
Connections seeks dismissal on the grounds that Plaintiff receives regular and recurring
medical care and has failed to allege that a policy, practice, or custom caused his alleged harm.
The legal standard when ruling on Rule 12(b)(6) motions is identical to the standard used when
screening a complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii). See Tourscher v. McCullough ,
184 F.3d 236,240 (3d Cir. 1999) (applying Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6) standard to dismissal for
failure to state a claim under§ 1915(e)(2)(B)). The court previously reviewed Guilfoil's
allegations and found that he stated what appear to be cognizable and non-frivolous claims. (See
D.I. 7, 8). Nothing has changed since the court ' s ruling.
Nonetheless, the court has revisited the allegations, liberally construed them, as it must,
and finds that Guilfoil adequately raises medical needs claims. Guilfoil has alleged what could
be considered a serious medical need. In order to hold Connections liable, Guilfoil must allege a
policy or custom that demonstrates such deliberate indifference. Sample v. Diecks, 885 F.2d
1099, 1110 (3d Cir. 1989). "Custom, ... can be proven by showing that a given course of
conduct, although not specifically endorsed or authorized by law, is so well-settled and
permanent as virtually to constitute law." Miller v. Correctional Med. Sys., Inc., 802 F. Supp.
1126, 1132 (D. Del. 1992) (alteration in original) (citing Andrews v. City of Philadelphia, 895
F.2d 1469, 1480 (3d Cir. 1990); Fletcher v. O'Donnell, 867 F.2d 791, 793-94 (3d Cir. 1989)).
Guilfoil's allegations are that care and/or required medication is repeatedly delayed by
Connections personnel. Construed liberally, the alleged conduct although not specifically
endorsed or authorized, could be so well-settled and permanent to constitute a Connections
policy, custom, or practice. Accordingly, the Court will deny the motion to dismiss for failure to
state a claim upon which relief may be granted.
Based upon the above discussion, the court will: (1) grant Connections' motion to set
aside entry of default (D.I. 17); (2) deny Connections' motion to dismiss (D.I. 17); and (3) deny
Guilfoil's motion for default judgment (D.I. 18).
An appropriate order will be entered.
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