Windsor v. Pierce et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION regarding PETITION for Writ of Habeas Corpus (D.I. 2 ). Signed by Judge Richard G. Andrews on 11/21/2017. (nms)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF DELAWARE
Civil Action No. 16-668-RGA
DANA METZGER, Warden, and
ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE
STATE OF DELAWARE,
William Windsor. Pro se Petitioner.
Kathryn Joy Garrison, Deputy Attorney General of the Delaware Department of Justice,
Wilmington, Delaware. Attorney for Respondents.
Warden Dana Metzger replaced former Warden David Pierce, an original party to the case. See
Fed. R. Civ. P. 25(d).
Petitioner William Windsor ("Petitioner") is an inmate in custody at the James T. Vaughn
Correctional Center in Smyrna, Delaware. Petitioner filed an Application for a Writ of Habeas
Corpus Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254 ("Petition"). (D.I. 2) The State filed an Answer in
opposition. (D.I. 13) For the reasons discussed, the Court will deny the Petition as barred by the
limitations period prescribed in 28 U.S.C. § 2244.
Petitioner was indicted in February 2013 on 160 counts of various sexual offenses
involving the two daughters of his girlfriend. (D.I. 16-4 at 3); see State v. Windsor, 2015 WL
1455602, at *1 (Del. Super. Ct. Mar. 25, 2015). On September 9, 2013, Petitioner pied guilty to
one count of second degree rape and no contest to one count of continuous sexual abuse of a
child. See Windsor v. State, 100 A.3d 1022 (Table), 2014 WL 4264915, at *1 (Del. Aug. 28,
2014). The Superior Court sentenced him on December 13, 2013 to twenty-five years at Level V
imprisonment, suspended after twenty years for decreasing levels of supervision for the second
degree rape conviction, and to twenty-five years of Level V supervision, suspended after two
years for decreasing levels of supervision, for the continuous abuse of a child conviction. Id. at
*2. Petitioner appealed, and the Delaware Supreme Court affirmed his convictions and
sentences on August 28, 2014. Id. at *6.
On February 23, 2015, Petitioner filed a motion for postconviction relief pursuant to
Delaware Superior Court Criminal Rule 61 ("Rule 61 motion"). The Superior Court denied the
Rule 61 motion (D.I. 16-11 at 9; D.I. 16-12 at 4), and the Delaware Supreme Court affirmed that
decision on September 25, 2015. See Windsor, 2015 WL 1455602, at *6; Windsor v. State, 124
A.3d 1016 (Table), 2015 WL 5679751, at *4 (Del. Sept. 25, 2015).
Petitioner filed the instant Petition in July 2016, asserting the following grounds for
relief: (1) the police violated his Fourth Amendment rights by taking him into custody without an
arrest warrant; (2) the indictments were multiplicitous and violated the Double Jeopardy clause;
(3) the Equal Protection and Double Jeopardy Clauses were violated because Petitioner thought
he was pleading guilty to an "A" case charge, but a "B" case charge had mistakenly been
transferred to the "A" case; (4) he is actually innocent; (5) defense counsel provided ineffective
assistance; and (6) the Superior Court violated Petitioner's Sixth and Fourteenth Amendment
rights by denying his pro se motion to withdraw his plea.
ONE YEAR STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS
AEDPA prescribes a one-year period oflimitations for the filing of habeas petitions by
state prisoners, which begins to run from the latest of:
(A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion
of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such
(B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application
created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of
the United States is removed, ifthe applicant was prevented from
filing by such State action;
(C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially
recognized by the Supreme Court, ifthe right has been newly
recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively
applicable to cases on collateral review; or
(D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims
presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due
28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(l). AEDPA's limitations period is subject to statutory and equitable tolling.
See Holland v. Florida, 560 U.S. 631 (2010) (equitable tolling); 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(2)
Petitioner does not assert, and the Court cannot discern, any facts triggering the
application of§ 2244(d)(l)(B), (C), or (D). Consequently, the Court concludes that the one-year
period oflimitations began to run when Petitioner's convictions became final under
Pursuant to § 2244(d)(l )(A), if a state prisoner appeals a state court judgment but does
not seek certiorari review, the judgment of conviction becomes final, and the statute of
limitations begins to run, upon expiration of the ninety-day time period allowed for seeking
certiorari review. See Kapral v. United States, 166 F.3d 565, 575, 578 (3d Cir. 1999); Jones v.
Morton, 195 F.3d 153, 158 (3d Cir. 1999). In this case, the Delaware Supreme Court affirmed
Petitioner's convictions and sentences on August 28, 2014, and he did not file a petition for a
writ of certiorari in the United States Supreme Court. As a result, Petitioner's convictions
became final on November 27, 2014. Applying the one-year limitations period to that date,
Petitioner had until November 30, 2015 2 to timely file a habeas petition. See Wilson v. Beard,
426 F.3d 653, 662-64 (3d Cir. 2005) (Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a) applies to AEDPA's limitations
period); Phlipot v. Johnson, 2015 WL 1906127, at *3 n. 3 (D. Del. Apr. 27, 2015) (AEDPA's
one-year limitations period is calculated according to the anniversary method, i.e., the limitations
period expires on the anniversary of the date it began to run). Petitioner, however, did not file
The one-year limitations period actually ended on November 27, 2015, which was the Friday
after Thanksgiving, a Delaware District Court holiday. Therefore, the limitations period
extended through the end of Monday, November 30, 2015. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a)(l)(C) &
the instant Petition until July 28, 2016, 3 approximately seven months after that deadline. Thus,
the Petition is time-barred and should be dismissed, unless the limitations period can be
statutorily or equitably tolled. See Jones, 195 F .3d at 158. The Court will discuss each doctrine
A. Statutory Tolling
Pursuant to§ 2244(d)(2), a properly filed state post-conviction motion tolls AEDPA's
limitations period during the time the motion is pending in the state courts, including any postconviction appeals, provided that the motion was filed and pending before the expiration of
AEDPA's limitations period. See Swartz v. Meyers, 204 F.3d 417, 420-24 (3d Cir. 2000). The
limitations period is also tolled for the time during which an appeal from a post-conviction
decision could be filed even if the appeal is not eventually filed. Id. at 424. However, the
limitations period is not tolled during the ninety days a petitioner has to file a petition for a writ
of certiorari in the United States Supreme Court regarding a judgment denying a state postconviction motion. See Stokes v. Dist. Attorney of Philadelphia, 247 F.3d 539, 542 (3d Cir.
In his Reply to the State's Answer, Petitioner appears to assert that his two postconviction motions (a motion for correction of sentence and a Rule 61 motion) triggered
sufficient statutory tolling to render his Petition timely filed. (D.I. 20 at 4) He is mistaken. The
motion for correction of sentence has no statutory tolling effect because it was filed (November
Pursuant to the prisoner mailbox rule, the Court adopts as the filing date July 28, 2016, (D.I. 2 at
16), which is the date on the Petition. See Longenette v. Krusing, 322 F.3d 758, 761 (3d Cir.
2003) (the date on which a prisoner transmitted documents to prison authorities for mailing is to
be considered the actual filing date).
10, 2014) and denied (November 24, 2014) (D.I. 16-12 at 4) before Petitioner's judgment of
conviction became final on November 27, 2014.
In tum, when Petitioner filed the Rule 61 motion on February 23, 2015, 87 days of
AEDPA's limitations period had already lapsed. The Rule 61 motion tolled the limitations
period through September 25, 2015, the date on which the Delaware Supreme Court affirmed the
Superior Court's denial of the motion. The limitations clock started to run again on September
26, 2015 and ran the remaining 278 days without interruption until the limitations period expired
on June 20, 2016. 4 Thus, even with the statutory tolling resulting from his Rule 61 motion,
Petitioner filed the instant Petition one full month too late. Accordingly, the Petition is timebarred, unless equitable tolling applies.
B. Equitable Tolling
The one-year limitations period may be tolled for equitable reasons in rare circumstances
when the petitioner demonstrates "(1) that he has been pursuing his rights diligently, and (2) that
some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way and prevented timely filing." Holland, 560
U.S. at 649-50. With respect to the diligence inquiry, equitable tolling is not available where the
late filing is due to the petitioner's excusable neglect. Id. at 651-52. As for the extraordinary
circumstance requirement, "the relevant inquiry is not whether the circumstance alleged to be
extraordinary is unique to the petitioner, but how severe an obstacle it creates with respect to
meeting AEDPA's one-year deadline." Pabon v. Mahanoy, 654 F.3d 385, 401 (3d Cir. 2011).
Notably, an extraordinary circumstance will only warrant equitable tolling ifthere is "a causal
The limitations period actually ended on June 19, 2016, which was a Sunday. Therefore,
Petitioner had until the end of the day on Monday, June 20, 2016 to timely file his Petition. See
Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(a)(l) (C).
connection, or nexus, between the extraordinary circumstance and the petitioner's failure to
file a timely federal petition." Ross v. Varano, 712 F.3d 784, 803 (3d. Cir. 2013).
Petitioner does not assert, and the Court does not discern, that any extraordinary
circumstances prevented him from filing his Petition in a timely manner. To the extent
Petitioner's late filing was due to a mistake or miscalculation of the one-year filing period, such
a mistake does not warrant equitably tolling the limitations period. See Taylor v. Carroll, 2004
WL 1151552, at *5-6 (D. Del. May 14, 2004). Accordingly, the Court will grant the State's
motion to dismiss the instant Petition as time-barred.
Petitioner filed a Motion to Appoint Counsel (D.1. 21) and a Motion for Discovery (D.1.
22) during the pendency of this proceeding. However, since the Petition is time-barred, the
Court will dismiss the Motions as moot.
CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY
A district court issuing a final order denying a § 2254 petition must also decide whether
to issue a certificate of appealability. See 3d Cir. L.A.R. 22.2 (2011 ); 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2).
When a district court denies a habeas petition on procedural grounds without reaching the
underlying constitutional claims, the court is not required to issue a certificate of appealability
unless the petitioner demonstrates that jurists of reason would find it debatable: (1) whether the
petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right; and (2) whether the court was
correct in its procedural ruling. See Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000).
The Court concludes that the instant Petition is time-barred, and reasonable jurists would
not find this conclusion to be debatable. Accordingly, the Court will not issue a certificate of
For the reasons discussed, the Court will dismiss the Petition as time-barred without
holding an evidentiary hearing. An appropriate Order will be entered.
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