HILLIARD et al v. INTERNATIONAL CITY/COUNTY MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION - RETIREMENT CORPORATION
MEMORANDUM AND OPINION DENYING motion for relief from judgment. Authorized by Judge Barbara J. Rothstein. (GC).
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
JACQUELINE HILLIARD, ET AL.,
Civil Action No. 08-02201
MEMORANDUM OPINION DENYING
PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR RELIEF
MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION – RETIREMENT
Plaintiff Jacqueline Hilliard seeks relief under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 60(b)(1)
and 60(b)(6) from this Court’s order dismissing her 42 U.S.C. Section 1981 retaliation claims.
(Doc. No. 88). Defendant International City/County Management Association – Retirement
Corporation (“ICMA-RC”) opposes the motion. (Doc. No. 90). After reviewing the briefs and
all other relevant material properly before the Court, the Court will DENY the motion for relief
For the purposes of this motion, the Court will only briefly recite the relevant procedural
and factual background. 1 In December 2008, Plaintiff Hilliard, along with several other former
and current ICMA-RC employees, filed this racial discrimination lawsuit against ICMA-RC.
(Doc. No. 76 at 1). On December 20, 2011, Hilliard amended the complaint to assert that
ICMA-RC retaliated against her for filing the lawsuit by, among other things, giving her a
The background of this case is set forth in greater detail in Hilliard v. Int'l City/Cnty. Mgmt. Ass'n-Ret. Corp., 898
F. Supp. 2d 84, 87 (D.D.C. 2012) and in ICMA-RC’s opposition to this motion. (Doc. No. 90).
negative performance review in June 2009. (Doc. No. 53). By order dated October 12, 2012, the
Court dismissed Hilliard’s claims for discrimination and retaliation. (Doc. No. 63).
On October 11, 2013, Hilliard filed a motion seeking relief from the Court’s judgment as
it relates to her retaliation claims. (Doc. No. 88). According to Hilliard, her former attorney
mistakenly omitted an “essential” fact from the complaint: that Hilliard complained to ICMA-RC
in February 2008 about what she believed was a racially biased performance review. (Id. at 10).
Hilliard asserts that this omission is significant because the February 2008 complaint motivated
ICMA-RC to retaliate against her. (Id.).
The trial court has the discretion to grant or deny a motion for relief from judgment under
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 60(b). See United Mine Workers of Am. 1974 Pension v.
Pittston Co., 984 F.2d 469, 476 (D.C. Cir. 1993). A motion under Rule 60(b)(1) may be granted
if the final judgment resulted from “mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect.” A
motion under Rule 60(b)(6) may be granted for “any other reason that justifies relief.” Motions
brought under either Rule 60(b)(1) or Rule 60(b)(6) must be made “within a reasonable time.”
Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(c)(1). However, a motion under Rule 60(b)(1) may not be made more than
one year after entry of the judgment. Id.
Hilliard seeks relief from the Court’s October 12, 2012 order dismissing her claims. She
seeks to have this Court reconsider its ruling on the grounds that her complaint failed to include
facts “central” to her retaliation claims, i.e. that she made allegations of racial discrimination
during a meeting in February 2008 and after that received negative treatment. (Doc. No. 88 at
10). ICMA-RC counters that Hilliard is not entitled to relief because Hilliard’s motion is not
timely filed. (Doc. No. 90 at 12). The Court agrees with ICMA-RC. A motion brought under
either Rule 60(b)(1) or Rule 60(b)(6) must be filed within a “reasonable time.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
60 (c)(1). The judgment from which Hilliard seeks relief was entered on October 12, 2012.
Hilliard’s motion for relief from judgment was filed on October 11, 2013, one day short of a year
later. Despite this delay in time, Hilliard does not allege that she only recently discovered these
facts. In fact, this motion relates to an incident allegedly occurring in February 2008.
Accordingly, Hilliard’s motion has not been brought within a reasonable time. See Fed. R. Civ.
The Court further finds that, even if the motion was timely, Hilliard’s new assertions
would not create a dispute of fact. A party may not create a dispute of material fact simply by
contradicting her own previous statements. Pyramid Sec. Ltd. v. IB Resolution, Inc., 924 F.2d
1114, 1123 (D.C. Cir. 1991). Hilliard’s new affidavit directly contradicts her previous filings.
Prior to filing this motion, Hilliard maintained that she had not received any negative reviews
until she filed the lawsuit in December 2008. (Doc. No. 90, Ex. 1)(“[b]efore this lawsuit was
filed, I had received only positive performance reviews”). In contrast, her new affidavit asserts
that in February 2008 she complained about having received a negative performance review.
(Doc. No. 88, Hilliard Affidavit, at 10). Hilliard provides no explanation for this contradiction.
Accordingly, the motion for relief from judgment is denied.
For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiff Hilliard’s Motion for Relief from Judgment, (Doc.
No. 88), is DENIED.
BARBARA J. ROTHSTEIN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?