KOCH v. SCHAPIRO
MEMORANDUM OPINION & ORDER denying Plaintiff's 107 108 Motion for Reconsideration. See the attached Memorandum Opinion & Order for additional details. Signed by Judge Amit P. Mehta on 06/01/2017. (lcapm1)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
JAY CLAYTON 1, et al.,
RANDOLPH S. KOCH,
Case No. 12-cv-01934 (APM)
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
On May 30, 2017, Plaintiff Randolph S. Koch moved the court to alter or amend its May
2, 2017, Memorandum Opinion and accompanying Order, in which the court entered summary
judgment for Defendant Jay Clayton, in his official capacity as Chairman of the United States
Securities and Exchange Commission. See Pl.’s Mot. for Recons., ECF No. 107 [hereinafter Pl.’s
Mot.]; Mem. Op., ECF No. 105; Order, ECF No. 106. 2 Plaintiff asks the court to reverse the entry
of summary judgment in favor of Defendant and reinstate the case because discovery was
“unreasonably curtail[ed]” in prior proceedings before the Merit Systems Protection Board and
this court, and he believes manifest injustice underlies the litigation as a whole. See Pl.’s Mot. at
1–2. More specifically, Plaintiff claims Defendant has thwarted his ability to obtain discovery by
destroying the records he needs to prove his case, filing “a misleading and malicious motion”
Pursuant to Rule 25(d) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the court automatically substitutes Jay Clayton for
Mary Jo White. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 25(d) (directing automatic substitution of an officer’s successor).
Although Plaintiff labels his motion a “Motion for Reconsideration,” the court treats Plaintiff’s filing as a request to
alter or amend the court’s judgment pursuant to Rule 59(e) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Rule 54(b)—
which governs motions for reconsideration—only applies when the court has ruled on some, but not all, the claims
before it, while Rule 59(e) applies when the court has adjudicated all the claims as to all the parties. See Fed. R. Civ.
P. 54(b), 59(e); see also Loumiet v. United States, 65 F. Supp. 3d 19, 24 n.2 (D.D.C. 2014) (comparing Rules 54(b)
and 59(e)). The court’s May 2, 2017, Order resolved all the claims as to all the parties, see Order, ECF No. 106,
making Rule 54(b) inapplicable. Thus, the court construes Plaintiff’s Motion as seeking relief under Rule 59(e).
regarding Plaintiff’s FOIA activity, and acting unethically throughout the litigation. See id. at 1–
2, 6, 8–16. Additionally, Plaintiff avers that this court has acted unjustly by both setting too short
a discovery period and requiring Plaintiff to adhere to deadlines, given Plaintiff’s disabilities,
ongoing bankruptcy status, and obligations to participate in other litigation. Id. at 2, 3 & n.1, 5, 9,
The district court has discretion to grant a Rule 59(e) motion when it finds that any one of
three circumstances exists: (1) there has been an intervening change in controlling law; (2) new
evidence has become available; or (3) the moving party has demonstrated a clear error in the
court’s opinion that the court must correct to prevent manifest injustice. Firestone v. Firestone,
76 F.3d 1205, 1208 (D.C. Cir. 1996) (per curiam). The moving party may not rely on a Rule 59(e)
motion to present facts or argument upon which the court has already ruled or to present for the
first time arguments or theories that could and should have been raised previously. Habliston v.
FINRA Dispute Resolution, Inc., No. 15-2225, 2017 WL 1906584, at *2 (D.D.C. May 8, 2017).
In short, Plaintiff has advanced no legal rationale for why the court’s judgment should be
altered or amended. Plaintiff identifies no intervening change in law or new evidence that was not
previously available. 3 Additionally, Plaintiff has already raised Defendant’s purported spoliation
of evidence, which the court rejected, and he cannot use this motion to reassert that theory. See
Habliston, 2017 WL 1906584, at *2; Mem. Op., ECF No. 106, at 27. Any suggestion that
Three of the four exhibits attached to Plaintiff’s Motion are not new evidence, but rather, evidence that was available
to Plaintiff well in advance of the court’s May 2, 2017, ruling. See Errata for Pl.’s Mot. for Recons., ECF No. 108
[hereinafter Pl.’s Updated Mot.], Ex. 2, ECF No. 108-2 (“Exhibit letter to Angela Caesar,” dated Sept. 29, 2016); Pl.’s
Updated Mot., Ex. 3, ECF No. 107-3 (“Exhibit Inquiry re: Notaries,” dated Sept. 27, 2016); Pl.’s Updated Mot., Ex.
4, ECF No. 107-4 (“Exhibit Email and Inquiry re Defendant’s Discovery Responses,” dated Oct. 20, 2016); see also
Pl.’s Mot. at 7–9 (describing his efforts to contact the Angela Caesar, Clerk of Court, and notaries public in the District
of Columbia in September 2016, and a letter sent to opposing counsel, Fred Haynes, on October 20, 2016). The fourth
exhibit, an e-mail Plaintiff received from a court reporting and trial services company, Planet Depos LLC, late last
month has no bearing on the court’s ruling on Plaintiff’s Motion. See Pl.’s Updated Mot., Ex. 1, ECF No. 108-1
(“Exhibit Email from Planet Depo,” dated May 27, 2017); see also Pl.’s Mot. at 4. At most, it reflects Plaintiff’s effort
to seek a deposition outside the time allotted for discovery.
Defendant acted maliciously or unethically is unsupported by the evidence in the record. Lastly,
although Plaintiff is proceeding pro se, he is obligated to adhere to the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, which include limited periods for discovery and strict deadlines. See Idrogo v. Foxx,
990 F. Supp. 2d 5, 6 (D.D.C. 2013). The court provided many extensions of time to Plaintiff in
light of his disabilities and other obligations. See Mem. Op., ECF No. 106, at 7–8. Accordingly,
Plaintiff has not identified a need to correct clear error, and the court sees no manifest injustice in
its prior ruling.
In light of the foregoing, Plaintiff’s Motion is denied. This is a final, appealable Order.
Dated: June 1, 2017
Amit P. Mehta
United States District Judge
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